- Debian 打印 (CUPS)
- Alternative Automatic Configuration
- Printer 分享
Debian 打印 (CUPS)
关键词：Linux Printing, Debian, cups system, HP Linux and Image software, Install, Add , Change Printers, Print Server, Linux 打印, HP Linux 和图像软件, 安装, 添加, 更改打印机, 打印服务器,
通用 UNIX 打印系统（英文 The Common UNIX Printing System，缩写 CUPS）是一个打印系统，通常是 lpd 和其他旧打印系统的替代者。CUPS Debian 包简单易用、功能强大，让打印在 Debian 上更加方便。(http://www.cups.org/)
aptitude update aptitude install cups cups-client
提示：上述命令需要管理员权限，在执行上述命令时可在前面添加 sudo 来执行。
下面我们就可以通过 CUPS 的管理界面（“Administration”标签页下）来添加打印机了。如果您遇到权限错误，可尝试下面命令将您的帐号添加到 lpadmin 用户组。比如，您的用户名为“tom”，则：
sudo usermod -a -G lpadmin tom
- [可选]如果您在服务器环境，没有 Firefox 这样的网页浏览器，您可安装类似 lynx 或 elinks 这样的文本网页浏览器。
aptitude install lynx-cur
aptitude install elinks
添加 kyocera 打印机
点击 Do Administration Task————Add New Printer，输入下面信息：
Name: kyocera9520 Location: Back Room Description: High output printer
点击 !AppSocket/HP JetDirect
LPD/LPR Host Printer
- 接着修改设备的 URI，如下所示：
一切完成后，返回到原菜单。点击Set Default Printer。
您可能没有物理打印机（穷啊），但要打印的文档已准备就绪，则可以选择打印一份 PDF 文件。
aptitude install cups-pdf
安装完成，在 Gnome 中可按下下面步骤设置打印机：
系统设置--> 硬件--> 打印机
选择“本地打印机”，“已探测到的打印机” --> “PDF 打印机“。 Manufacturer --> Generic, Model --> postscript color printer rev4, Driver --> Standard Apply
Finally you'll get a PDF folder in your Home.
CUPS 可通过网络界面来管理 (http://localhost:631)。您需要输入根用户的名称和密码。
= 无打印机驱动= Most of the more common printer should already have drivers in cups system. For the newer or more commercial once see the manufacture website. You should look for the PPD file of your printer model. The PPD file describes the capabilities of the printer. For a comprehensive review and database of printer models, drivers and PPD files see http://www.linuxprinting.org
For copier/printer/scanner like Imagerunner 5065
Download the PPD drivers: http://downloads.canon.com/cpr/software/imagerunner/PPD_v241.exe
- Run it using wine. This will unzip the PPD to temp folder. Find your printer and use the QX PPD drivers.
Install hplip package. For new printers, it may be necessary to download and install hplip directly from the project web site. Check your printer here: HPLIP supported printers. This page will show the version of hplip required by your model. Setup the printer by running hp-setup (see below).
Above Information merged from Lucasmanual.com Printing Section
Alternative Automatic Configuration
system-config-printer (formally 'printconf')
system-config-printer is a printer administration tool which first appeared in Fedora and later in Debian and Ubuntu. The purpose of the tool is to configure a CUPS server (often the local machine) using the CUPS API. The tool is written in Python, using pygtk for the graphical parts and with some Python bindings (pycups) for the CUPS API.
It is largely the same as using the CUPS web interface for configuring printers, but has the advantage of being a native application rather than a web page.
HP printer setup with 'hp-setup'
hp-setup is included with HP Linux Imaging & Printing project package hplip and performs setup of USB, parallel, and network printers and All-in-Ones. Network printers are automatically detected via mDNS (aka Bonjour on Macs). Using hp-setup to install printer also enables hp utilities for checking ink/toner level and printer maintenance. Run 'hp-check -r' to troubleshoot printing or scanning issues.
CUPS as Print Server for Windows Machines
You can setup CUPS to allow Windows machines to print to a CUPS server using an http address.
First, install the samba package. When you are asked to use WINS, say yes.
$ aptitude install samba
Next setup your /etc/cups/cupsd.conf file.
# Our private connection we listen to Listen *:49631 # Allow machines on local network to use printers <Location /printers> Order allow,deny Allow 192.168.0.* Allow 192.168.1.* </Location>
This will listen on port 49631 from any network. You may use some other port number besides 631. Note that the dynamic and/or private ports as specified by the IANA are in the range 49152 through 65535. Also, this will only allow computers from the local network to print to the CUPS printers.
Next, restart the CUPS daemon
$ /etc/init.d/cups restart
Now on each Windows machine, Choose that you want to install a network printer and that you want to install a printer on the Internet or home/office network. The URL you will use should be:
Lastly, the driver to install is in the Generic section labeled MS Publisher Color Printer.
CUPS 和 Samba
This section needs updating as you can setup print server via samba print sharing just by uploading drivers.
When printing to windows printers in an NT domain using SMB the Device URI should read
This allows Samba to authenticate against a domain controller for acces to the printer queue.
When printing to a Debian CUPS printer from a machine that connects through Samba, you may need to set up a CUPS class to get things to work.
Printer sharing using Macintosh as the client and Debian as the server
You have a printer on a debian machine and you want to share it with a Macintosh, so that the Mac can print to the Debian-based printer. Try this:
1. Use cups to set up the printer on Debian as described above. The Gnome tool for printer configuration works well, and the 100% bullet-proof way is to use the browser-based CUPS configuration.
2. On the Mac (OS X 10.4+) start Print and Fax from System Preferences. Use the + button to add a printer.
3. Look first in the "Default" tab. If the automagic printer-sharing has worked, and your Mac is connected to the local network properly, then the Debian-based printer should already be visible in the list. Just select it and use the recommended print driver. Your results may vary but you can't go to far wrong if you pick a driver that matches the one you are using on Debian. So, for example, you might like to try using Gutenprint drivers at both ends.
4. If your printer is not visible in the Default tab, then try adding it on the "IP" tab. Pick IPP as the protocol, give the plain IP address of the server in the address box, and in the Queue box put "printers/<debian-queue-name>". Put whatever helps you identify the printer in the Name and Location boxes, and choose a printer driver than matches what you used to set up the printer on Debian. Finally cross your fingers, hold your breath, recite a prayer/spell/incantation, and press the Add button.
As they say: your mileage may vary.
Professional looking photos may be obtained when using high quality glossy photo paper on an inkjet printer but care must be taken when submitting the print job. Printing from The Gimp image manipulation program produces very good results. The print dialog will vary depending upon the printer used. The most important settings are type of paper, glossy photo or whatever sort you are using, and image type, "photograph". The size of the printed image is adjusted in the printer dialog as well.
在 Debian 下可以使用下面几种可用的打印系统：
CUPS. (Instructions above.) The newer Common UNIX Printing System (or CUPS) is a printing system and general replacement for lpd and the like. It supports the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), and has its own filtering driver model for handling various document types.
LPR. The still commonly used traditional printing system is called lpr which works quite well if you have a postscript printer. Otherwise, it is not very simple to set up and doesn't provide much control for users on the printer settings per print job.
RLPR Remote line printer spooling system.
xpp is designed to be able to take the same command-line arguments as BSD-lpr and SysV-lp so most apps won't realize the difference if you create a symbolic link from /usr/bin/lpr (or /usr/bin/lp) to /usr/bin/xpp. This way, whenever an application sends off a print job to the lpr (or lp) program, xpp will launch its GUI so that you can select the options that you would like for this job.
system-config-printer - Gnome 打印机配置。