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#language zh_CN #language
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||<tablestyle="float:right; width:200pt; background:transparent; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; background-color:#ffffff; font-size: smaller">Vendor: || [[http://www.opera.com/|opera.com]] || ||
||License: || '''non-free''' <<BR>>([[attachment:opera-9.64_2009-02-26-license.txt|copyright]]) || X-( ||
||<tablestyle="float:right; width:256pt; background:transparent; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; background-color:#ffffff; font-size: smaller">开发者: || [[http://www.opera.com/|opera.com]] || ||
||许可证: || '''非自由软件''' <<BR>>([[http://www.opera.com/eula/browser/|Opera最终用户许可证]]) || X-( ||
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||<-3> Version reviewed: 10.62.6438 ||
||Download || signed APT || (./) ||
||Source: || not-available || X-( ||
||下载: || 署名 APT || (./) ||
||源代码: || 无法获取 || X-( ||
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||Control scripts || Yes. looks clean. || (./) ||
||Languages: || be, bg, cs, da, de, el, en, en-GB, es-ES, es-LA, et, fi, fr, fr-CA, fy, hi, hr, hu, id, it, ja, ka, ko, lt, mk, nb, nl, nn, pl, pt, pt-BR, ru, sv, ta, te, tr, uk, zh-cn, zh-tw || (./) ||
||Architectures: || i386 amd64 sparc powerpc || - ||
||<-3 style="border-top:2pt; height:0pt; background-color:#dddddd; "> Legend: (./) = Pass ; X-( = Bad ||
||控制脚本: || 有 || (./) ||
||支持的语言: || be, bg, cs, da, de, el, en, en-GB, es-ES, es-LA, et, fi, fr, fr-CA, fy, hi, hr, hu, id, it, ja, ka, ko, lt, mk, nb, nl, nn, pl, pt, pt-BR, ru, sv, ta, te, tr, uk, zh-cn, zh-tw || (./) ||
||支持的架构: || i386 amd64 sparc powerpc || - ||
||<-3 style="border-top:2pt; height:0pt; background-color:#dddddd; "> 说明: (./) = 通过 ; X-( = 欠佳 ||
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 Installing and using ''Opera'' web browser under Debian. 在 Debian 下安装和使用 ''Opera'' 浏览器。
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Opera is a {{{non-free}}} (proprietary) software. It isn't supported by Debian. It's probably wiser to use a [[#supported-web-browser|supported web browser]] ! Opera 是非自由(专有)软件,Debian 不提供支持,最好使用 Debian [[#supported-web-browser|支持的浏览器]]!
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Note for web developers: This page explains how to use the released version of Opera. However, Opera also provides snapshots of development version (i.e ''Not for production use...''). see [[http://deb.opera.com/]]. 对网页开发者的提醒:本页解释了如何使用 Opera 官方发布的稳定版本,然而,Opera 也提供开发预览版,参见 [[http://deb.opera.com/]]。
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== Installation == == 安装 ==
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The recommended way to install opera, is to add Opera's package repository in your {{{/etc/apt/sources.list}}}. This is documented in [[http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/841|Opera's knowledge base]], as well as here: 推荐的 Opera 安装方法,是添加 Opera 的软件包仓库到 {{{/etc/apt/sources.list}}},添加办法可以从 [[http://www.opera.com/support/kb/view/841|Opera 知识库]],也可以按一下方法添加:
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then run : 然后运行:
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Now, we are going to __trust__ Opera : 现在,我们要添加 Opera 服务器的密钥,表示__信任__ Opera 开发商:
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Finally, install opera : 最后,安装 Opera:
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The message {{{WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!}}} occurs if you forgot to install the keys or to re-update the repository (apt-get update).. 如果你忘了添加密钥或更新仓库(apt-get update),会出现这段信息: {{{WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!}}}
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= Manual Installation =
''Opera software'' is also providing the packages individually.
= 手动安装 =
''Opera software'' 公司提供单独的安装包。
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 This solution isn't recommended : You'll have to download the file manually (this time, and every time there's a security update). 不建议使用此方法,因为你必须每次有安全更新的时候都要手动下载文件来安装。
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Download the package from [[http://www.opera.com/download/index.dml?platform=linux|Opera/Linux download page]]
You can save it in
[[http://www.opera.com/download/index.dml?platform=linux|Opera/Linux 下载页面]],你可以把文件下载到 {{{/tmp}}}
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Open a command line as root, an run {{{dpkg -i }}} followed by the name of the ''.deb'' file you have downloaded. 以 root 身份打开一个终端模拟器,并运行 {{{dpkg -i }}} 后面加上你下载回来的 ''.deb'' 文件路径,比如:
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dpkg -i /tmp/opera_10.62.6438_i386.deb dpkg -i /tmp/opera_12.00.1467_amd64.deb
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__If it fails__, it's probably because of a missing dependency. To install {{{libqt3-mt}}}, run :

 . {{{
aptitude install libqt3-mt
__若安装失败__,很可能是缺少 fonts-liberation ttf-liberation ttf-mscorefonts-installer 等依赖。
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== Plugins ==
=== Flashplugin ===
 * Adobe's [[http://kb.adobe.com/selfservice/viewContent.do?externalId=tn_15507&sliceId=1|Version test for Adobe Flash Player]]
== 插件 ==
=== Flash 插件 ===
 * Adobe [[http://kb.adobe.com/selfservice/viewContent.do?externalId=tn_15507&sliceId=1| Adobe Flash Player 版本测试]]
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 * Sun's [[http://www.java.com/en/download/help/testvm.xml|Test your Java Virtual Machine (JVM)]]  * Oracle 的 [[http://www.java.com/en/download/help/testvm.xml| Java 虚拟机(JVM)测试]]
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== Package Review == == 隐私 ==
 * Opera 里提供的多数搜索引擎,除了 Google 和 维基百科,和某些特定区域的搜索提供商以外,都会经过 opera.com 发送。参见 /usr/share/opera/locale/*/search.ini 和 [[http://www.opera.com/privacy/|Opera 的隐私政策]]。
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== Privacy ==
 * Queries for most provided search engines go through opera.com, except Google (default search) and Wikipedia, and certain localized search providers. See /usr/share/opera/locale/*/search.ini and [[http://www.opera.com/privacy/|Opera's privacy policy]]

=== Paths and Files ===
=== 路径和文件 ===

Translation(s): English - 简体中文







署名 APT






minor errors





be, bg, cs, da, de, el, en, en-GB, es-ES, es-LA, et, fi, fr, fr-CA, fy, hi, hr, hu, id, it, ja, ka, ko, lt, mk, nb, nl, nn, pl, pt, pt-BR, ru, sv, ta, te, tr, uk, zh-cn, zh-tw



i386 amd64 sparc powerpc


说明: (./) = 通过 ; X-( = 欠佳

在 Debian 下安装和使用 Opera 浏览器。

Opera 是非自由(专有)软件,Debian 不提供支持,最好使用 Debian 支持的浏览器

对网页开发者的提醒:本页解释了如何使用 Opera 官方发布的稳定版本,然而,Opera 也提供开发预览版,参见 http://deb.opera.com/


推荐的 Opera 安装方法,是添加 Opera 的软件包仓库到 /etc/apt/sources.list,添加办法可以从 Opera 知识库,也可以按一下方法添加:

  • ## Add this line for Opera browser
    ## if needed, replace squeeze with etch, lenny, sid...
    deb http://deb.opera.com/opera squeeze non-free


  • aptitude update

现在,我们要添加 Opera 服务器的密钥,表示信任 Opera 开发商:

  • wget -O - http://deb.opera.com/archive.key | apt-key add -

最后,安装 Opera:

  • ## re-update (to acknowledge the key)
    aptitude update
    ## then install
    aptitude install opera

如果你忘了添加密钥或更新仓库(apt-get update),会出现这段信息: WARNING: The following packages cannot be authenticated!


Opera software 公司提供单独的安装包。


Opera/Linux 下载页面,你可以把文件下载到 /tmp

以 root 身份打开一个终端模拟器,并运行 dpkg -i  后面加上你下载回来的 .deb 文件路径,比如:

  • dpkg -i /tmp/opera_12.00.1467_amd64.deb

若安装失败,很可能是缺少 fonts-liberation ttf-liberation ttf-mscorefonts-installer 等依赖。


Flash 插件



  • Opera 里提供的多数搜索引擎,除了 Google 和 维基百科,和某些特定区域的搜索提供商以外,都会经过 opera.com 发送。参见 /usr/share/opera/locale/*/search.ini 和 Opera 的隐私政策


  • The packages itself puts most of the files in usual/expected places ( /usr/sbin ; /usr/share/opera ; /usr/share/doc ; /usr/lib/opera/plugins...)
    • /usr/share/opera contains many files that should be at other location. it shoudln't hurt though.

User files Path



Saved session




Opera directory




Mail directory


User CSS directory


System wide files

Plug-in path


Config files


Lintian check

lintian opera_10.62.6438_i386.deb:

W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/be/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/bg/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/cs/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/da/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/de/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/el/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/en-GB/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/en/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/es-ES/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/es-LA/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/et/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/fi/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/fr-CA/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/fr/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/fy/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/hi/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/hr/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/hu/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/id/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/it/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/ja/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/ka/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/ko/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/lt/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/mk/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/nb/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/nl/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/nn/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/pl/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/pt-BR/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/pt/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/ru/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/sv/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/ta/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/te/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/tr/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/uk/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/zh-cn/license.txt
W: opera: extra-license-file usr/share/opera/locale/zh-tw/license.txt
W: opera: maintainer-script-ignores-errors prerm
W: opera: maintainer-script-ignores-errors postrm
W: opera: possible-bashism-in-maintainer-script postinst:14 'then echo -e'
W: opera: possible-bashism-in-maintainer-script postinst:19 '       echo -e'
W: opera: syntax-error-in-debian-changelog line 8 "unrecognised line"
W: opera: syntax-error-in-debian-changelog line 10 "found start of entry where expected more change data or trailer"
W: opera: syntax-error-in-debian-changelog line 16 "badly formatted trailer line"
W: opera: latest-debian-changelog-entry-changed-to-native
E: opera: depends-on-obsolete-package suggests: cupsys-client

Package Dependencies

dpkg -f opera_10.62.6438_i386.deb Depends Pre-Depends Conflicts Provides

Depends: libc6 (>= 2.7-1), libfontconfig1 (>= 2.4.0), libfreetype6 (>= 2.3.5), libgcc1 (>= 1:4.1.1), libglib2.0-0 (>= 2.16.0), libgstreamer-plugins-base0.10-0 (>= 0.10.16), libgstreamer0.10-0 (>= 0.10.15), libice6 (>= 1:1.0.0), libsm6, libstdc++6 (>= 4.1.1), libx11-6, libxext6, libxft2 (>> 2.1.1), libxml2 (>= 2.6.27), libxrender1, libxt6, zlib1g (>= 1:1.1.4), gstreamer0.10-plugins-good, libxft2, libxrender1, debconf (>= 0.5) | debconf-2.0
Recommends: ttf-linux-libertine | ttf-freefont | ttf-dejavu | ttf-mscorefonts-installer
Suggests: flashplugin-nonfree, cups-client
Provides: www-browser, mail-reader, imap-client, news-reader


You'll have to accept... once you have installed the program !

Here's a copy of the license, as of 2007-12-30 (shipped with Opera version 9.25)

See also

Alternative browsers

The following browsers are free and supported by Debian.