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 * [[Acid3]] result for Debian

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano - 简体中文

什么是 iceweasel?

Iceweasel 是 Firefox(火狐浏览器)再生版本,具有以下特点:

  1. backporting of security fixes to declared Debian stable version.

  2. no inclusion of trademarked Mozilla artwork (because of #1 above)

除此之外,他们基本相同。 (引自 Roberto C. Sanchez 在 debian-devel 邮件列表中的内容)

如何安装 Iceweasel (Firefox)

使用下面命令可从 Debian 仓库安装 Iceweasel:

  • aptitude install iceweasel   #即是 mozilla-firefox

也可以安装简体中文包 iceweasel-l10n-zh_CN。如果您想把默认的英文版本改为显示简体中文,则可安装简体中文包iceweasel-l10n-zh_CN(繁体中文则需安装iceweasel-l10n-zh-tw)。

不过,这里为大家推荐采用 移植Debian Mozilla 团队的更新版本。维基百科也介绍了部分相关术语。至于如何安装最新的 Iceweasel 版本,请点击“另见”推荐链接中最后的一条。


Iceweasel 插件目录位置:

  •  /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins

然后基于 Debain 的 xul-ext 插件则位于:

  •  /usr/lib/mozilla/extensions

关于 Iceweasel 插件的更多内容,可参考页面Mozilla上的插件部分介绍。

用户代理字符串(user agent string)

IceWeasel's user agent strings (at the time of writing... ) is :

  • Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:10.0.7) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/10.0.7 Iceweasel/10.0.7 DebianWheezy (as of 2012-09-20)

  • Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; rv: Gecko/20110323 Iceweasel/3.5.16) DebianSqueeze

  • Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; fr; rv: Gecko/2009061212 Iceweasel/3.0.6 (Debian-3.0.6-1) DebianLenny

某些应用程序会检测浏览器的用户代理字符串,如果字符串不匹配,将会阻止你访问站点。您可以通过手动修改“用户代理字符串”或使用“User Agent Switcher”插件来“伪装”自己 :D

You can use the User Agent Switcher plugin, then download a UA profile :

Debian-Mozilla 站点

在该站点,您可以获取 icewesel 最新的版本(该最新版本将进入 Debian experimental、unstable和最终的 testing、stable 仓库)。

您也可以通过 mailing list 或 IRC (频道:#debian-mozilla,服务器:irc.oftc.net)来联系 Debian-mozilla 维护者。

SSL / 安全连接警告


  •   Secure Connection Failed
      XXXX uses an invalid security certificate.
      The certificate is not trusted because it is self signed.
      The certificate is only valid for 00:16:b6:82:73:60
      (Error code: sec_error_untrusted_issuer)




  1. My iceweasel is consistently crashing on a website
  2. First run iceweasel without loading any extensions or plugins and see if the problem persists. This can be done by using the -safe-mode option

    MOZILLA_DISABLE_PLUGINS=1 iceweasel -safe-mode
  • If the problem goes away, then it means that one of the installed extensions is the root cause of the problem. If not then read on!
  • Create a new user and try to reproduce the problem on the new user's account.
  • If there is no problem with iceweasel on new user's account, chances are that your ~/.mozilla/firefox/ directory is corrupt.
  • In order to see if the ~/.mozilla/firefox/ is infact corrupt or not, move it to some other directory and start iceweasel again

    mv ~/.mozilla/firefox/ ~/old_firefox
    iceweasel &
  • If the problem goes away, well and good. Otherwise you can ask for help on debian-user mailing list by providing all the relevant information like "the way to reproduce the crash", "the version of iceweasel you are using", and "the distribution you are using" etc., Finally, if you are confident that it is a bug in the iceweasel package please consider filing a bug against iceweasel package.

Unsupported Browser Error

  • In order to browse websites like mlsni.net which allows firefox but not iceweasel, you'll need to change the user agent string of your browser. Look at the section "User Agent String" on how to change the user agent string.