Translation(s): English - 简体中文


文件系统是文件在系统里以某种方式存储的集合。文件的存储有很多种方式,因此,也就有很多种文件系统。

每种文件系统类型都描述了一种在存储介质(如硬盘上的某个分区)上存储文件的独特方式。没有这些描述,想要与其他人分享文件是非常困难的。他在将软盘给某人的时候也必须得给他描述自己是如何存储那个文件的。

Debian内核里可用的文件系统

注释1:此列表仍不完整。

注释2:此表格是基于内核2.6.24

Filesystem name

Features?

Documentation(s)

Description

Distributions

File systems often used as linux system partition

ext2

RS

kDoc, WPedia

Second Extended Filesystem

All?

ext3

RS

kDoc, WPedia

Second Extended Filesystem with journaling extensions

All?

ext4dev

R

kDoc

Fourth Extended Filesystem with extents
not for production, in development

Etch-n-Half ~ Lenny

ext4

R

kDoc

Fourth Extended Filesystem with extents

>= Squeeze

jfs

R

kDoc

The Journaled Filesystem (JFS)

All?

xfs

R

kDoc

SGI XFS Filesystem

All?

reiserfs

R

kDoc

ReiserFS journaled filesystem

All?

Other File systems

9p

kDoc

Plan 9 9p remote filesystem protocol

All?

adfs

kDoc

Acorn (and Risc OS) Advanced Disc Filing System

All?

affs

I

kDoc

Amiga filesystem support for Linux

All?

kafs

N

kDoc

AFS Client File System

All?

autofs4

old HowTo

Auto-mount filesystems. See autofs

All?

autofs

old HowTo

Auto-mount filesystems. See autofs

All?

befs

I

kDoc

BeOS File System (BeFS) driver

All?

bfs

I

kDoc

SCO UnixWare BFS filesystem for Linux

All?

btrfs

R

kDoc

B-Tree filesystem

All?

cifs

N I

kDoc

VFS to access servers complying with the SNIA CIFS Specification e.g. Samba and Windows

All?

coda

kDoc

Coda Distributed File System VFS interface

All?

configfs

kDoc

Simple RAM filesystem for user driven kernel subsystem configuration.

All?

cramfs

kDoc

cram a filesystem onto a small ROM

All?

dlm

kDoc

Distributed Lock Manager

All?

ecryptfs

kDoc

eCryptfs

All?

efs

upstream doc FS HowTo

SGI EFS, Extent File System (Irix <0.6)

All?

fat

I

kDoc

MS & DR DOS FAT filesystem

All?

freevxfs

Doc

Veritas Filesystem (VxFS) driver

All?

fuse

1

kDoc

Filesystem in Userspace (backend for various filesystems)

All?

gfs2

N

kDoc

Global File System

All?

hfs

I

kDoc

Macintosh HFS Filesystem

All?

hfsplus

I

kDoc

HFSPlus / Extended Macintosh Filesystem

All?

hpfs

I

kDoc

High Performance Filesys (OS/2's HPFS)

All?

isofs

CD

kDoc

CD/DVD filesystem (ISO-9660 / ECMA-119)

All?

jbd2

Generic filesystem journal-writing code (for ext4)

Squeeze

jbd

Generic filesystem journal-writing code (for ext2/ext3)

All?

jffs2

MTD

Doc

The Journalling Flash File System, v2

All?

minix

Minix native filesystem. (was used in Linux before ExtFS!)

All?

msdos

I

kDoc

MS-DOS filesystem support

All?

ncpfs

kDoc

Netware NCP network protocol

All?

nfs

N

kDoc

Networks Filesystem

All?

ntfs

I

kDoc

NTFS 1.2/3.x driver - Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Anton Altaparmakov

All?

ocfs2

kDoc

OCFS2 1.3.3

All?

omfs

kDoc

OMFS (ReplayTV/Karma) Optimized MPEG Filesystem

>= Squeeze

qnx4

WPedia

QNX (OS) Filesystem

All?

romfs

kDoc

ROM filesystem. See genromfs

<= Etch

sysv

kDoc

System V, V7 and Coherent and Xenix filesystems

All?

ubifs

MTD

kDoc

UBIFS - UBI File System

=> Squeeze

udf

CD

kDoc

Universal Disk Format Filesystem

All?

ufs

kDoc

Unix filesystem, used in BSDs, SunOS, Nextstep, Openstep...

All?

vfat

I

kDoc

VFAT filesystem support

All?

Hints :

FUSE Filesystem

You can get the list of FS supported by through FUSE, by looking at the reverse dependencies on the package fuse-utils. at the time of writing :

aptfs

FUSE filesystem for APT source repositories

avfs

virtual filesystem to access archives, disk images, remote locations

beaglefs

implements a filesystem representing a live Beagle query

cryptkeeper

EncFS system tray applet for GNOME

curlftpfs

filesystem to access FTP hosts based on FUSE and cURL

encfs

encrypted virtual filesystem

flickrfs

virtual filesystem for flickr online photosharing service

funionfs

user-space directory concatenation

fusedav

filesystem to mount WebDAV shares

fuseext2

File System in User Space - Module for ext2

fusefat

File System in User Space - Module for FAT

fuseiso

FUSE module to mount ISO filesystem images

fuseiso9660

File System in User Space - Module for ISO9660

fusesmb

filesystem client based on the SMB file transfer protocol

gmailfs

Use your GMail account as a filesystem

gphotofs

filesystem to mount digital cameras

libpam-mount

PAM module that can mount volumes for a user session

ltspfs

Fuse based remote filesystem for LTSP thin clients

mhddfs

file system for unifying several mount points into one

mtpfs

FUSE filesystem for Media Transfer Protocol devices

mythtvfs

userspace filesystem client for MythTV

ntfsprogs

tools for doing neat things in NTFS partitions from Linux

obexfs

mount filesystem of ObexFTP capable devices

plptools

Access EPOC device (Psion PDA) over a serial link

rofs

Read-Only Filesystem for FUSE

sshfs

filesystem client based on SSH File Transfer Protocol

unionfs-fuse

Fuse implementation of unionfs

wikipediafs

View and edit Wikipedia articles as if they were real files

See also


  1. FUSE doesn't provide any filesystem it-self. see 'apt-cache rdepends fuse-utils' (1)