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#language en
||<tablewidth="100%"style="border: 0px hidden ;">~-Translation(s): [[pt_BR/DebianInstall|Brasileiro]] - [[de/DebianInstall|Deutsch]] - [[DebianInstall|English]] - [[DebianInstallSpanish|Español]] - [[fr/DebianInstall|Français]] - [[DebianInstallDutch|Nederlands]] - [[DebianInstallPolish|Polski]] - [[DebianRussian/DebianInstall|Русский (Russkij)]] - [[el/DebianInstall|Ελληνικά]] - [[zh_CN/DebianInstall|简体中文]] -~ ||<style="border: 0px hidden ; text-align: right;"> (!) [[/Discussion]] ||
#language zh_CN
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[pt_BR/DebianInstall|Brasileiro]] - [[de/DebianInstall|Deutsch]] - [[DebianInstall|English]] - [[DebianInstallSpanish|Español]] - [[fr/DebianInstall|Français]] - [[DebianInstallDutch|Nederlands]] - [[DebianInstallPolish|Polski]] - [[DebianRussian/DebianInstall|Русский (Russkij)]] - [[el/DebianInstall|Ελληνικά]] - 简体中文 -~

Translation(s): Brasileiro - Deutsch - English - ?Español - Français - Nederlands - Polski - ?Русский (Russkij) - Ελληνικά - 简体中文


简介

  • Debian GNU/Linux在因特网上自由传播。Debian曾被普遍认为比其它Linux发行版难安装。现在这种印象已经一去不复返了。也有人说安装对于Debian GNU/Linux系统来说只有一次。一旦初始安装完成,接下来的升级和维护轻而易举。能够升级主要的软件组件,甚至不用重启就可以使得Debian从旧发行版过渡到新发行版。除了内核及硬件升级外,极少会因为日常维护而让Debian系统down掉。

特色

  • Debian的安装也可以是各式各样的。你可以从CDROM/DVD/蓝光磁盘,从网络上,从另一Linux发行版内启动,或者从微软Windows系统里安装。内容

获取Debian

下载并烧制全套CD/DVD

下载.iso文件并亲自烧制碟片的优点就是你不必等待CD的到来。全套.iso格式的CD可以从以下地址下载:

假如您想下载一个或多个650 MB iso镜像, 请使用jigdo,它可以分别读取不同的Debian 服务器,减少服务器的负担也同时提供更快的下载速度.

Although there are over 20 CDs (or 3 DVDs) in a full set, only the first CD is required to install Debian. The additional CDs are optional and include extra packages, that can be downloaded individually during the installation, or later.

下载并烧制网络安装CD

对于大多数的宽带连接,下载一整套的 650 MB iso 镜像然后安装是不必要的. 用一个小型网络安装cd就够了. 小型网络安装镜像 (以下简称 "netinst") 仅仅包含足够安装一个基础的Debian系统的包. 在安装的过程中,根据需要从网络下在需要的包. 一个 netinst iso 镜像将近180 MB. 被叫做"businesscard"大小在40 MB左右的镜像也是同样有这个功能.

购买一套CD

The easiest way to install Debian is with a set of CDs bought from a vendor. There is a list of CD vendors:

There is also the possibility to boot from another computer without needing to use CD/floppy media at all. All you need is a TFTPD and a DHCPD running on the install-from computer. This is called installing via "netboot".

  • NetworkBooting - the installation manual for more info on netboot installation. Installation

The most useful thing you can do is to read the installation instructions. For most of you, that's the Installing Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 For Intel x86, particularly Sections 4, 5 and 6, which describe how to install Debian and point to downloadable resources.


  • ToDo: this page needs a major rewrite.

Source for those components

Media Name

Boot

udeb

Core system

XWindow

Desktop

on demand pkg

CDs (optical medium)

Business card CD

CD

CD

Net

Net

Net

Net

Netinst CD card

CD

CD

CD

Net

Net

Net

CD-1

CD

CD

CD

CD

CD or Net

CD or Net

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD

DVD or Net

Blueray disk

BD

BD

BD

BD

BD

BD

Usb keychain

hd-media

USB

iso

iso or Net

Floppy

Floppy[:DebianInstall#fndef-0fe8b5f470b9ba96add5d062885a60c59d352db3-0:1]

Floppy

CD or DVD or Net

Netboot

Netboot

TFTP

Net

Net

Net

Net

Net

mini-iso

CD

Net

Net

Net

Net

Net

DOS / MS Windows

win32-loader

Windows[:DebianInstall#fndef-9869107eb899239c1158bc417970688413d98355-1:2]

Net

Net

Net

Net

Net


  • CategoryQuickInstall

  • 1 Booting DebianInstaller from floppy-disks is discontinued since Lenny.

  • 2 win32-loader don't actually boot from windows: It adds a boot menu entry, in boot.ini, that loads Debian-Installer's kernel an initrd from the NTFS partition