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== The Command Line == == Командная строка ==

## ВЫЧИТКА >>>
Вне зависимости новичёк вы или опытный пользователь, вы найдёте что командная строка (этот чёрный экран с белыми буквами) является отличным инструментом для решения массы административных задач и множества других применений в Debian. Вы даже можете работать с изображениями в командной строке!
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## <<< ВЫЧИТКА

## ПЕРЕВОД ЗАКОНЧЕН ЗДЕСЬ

Translation(s): English - Italiano - Nederlands - العربية - Polski - Русский - 简体中文

(!) ?Discussion

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Ниже приведены ссылки и описание компонентов Debian.

Настольные и рабочие станции

Вы считаете, что Debian — это всего лишь только чёрный экран с белыми буквами? Вы заблуждаетесь. В Debian доступно множество мультимедийных приложений, окружений рабочего стола и удобных программ для работы в интернете.

Дополнительно: ConfigureX — Как настроить X-Window-System

Командная строка

Вне зависимости новичёк вы или опытный пользователь, вы найдёте что командная строка (этот чёрный экран с белыми буквами) является отличным инструментом для решения массы административных задач и множества других применений в Debian. Вы даже можете работать с изображениями в командной строке!

Whether you're new or experienced user, you'll find that the command line (that black screen with white letters) is a great tool for doing mass administration jobs and lots of other applications in Debian. You can even work on images while you're in a command line!

System Administration

Debian has been qualified as a OMG operating system for administrators, primarily because of its ease of use, security and straight-forward common sense usage.

Network Servers

  • RemoteDesktop - How to set up remote desktop servers.

  • DHCP_Server

  • DatabaseServers

  • WebServers

  • ?Bugzilla - Running a local bug tracking system

  • HostingControlPanels - Interfaces for customers of hosting companies using Debian.

  • FTP

  • Network_Monitoring - How to monitor your Network and Servers

  • LDAP - Anything and everything to do with LDAP.

  • ?AppleTalkServer

  • ?ServerHardware - Known server hardware that works excellently with Debian.

  • NFSServerSetup - How to set up an NFS (version 3 at least) server, and connect via another Linux machine.

  • ?RoundUp - Scalable helpdesk/bug tracking system with standalone capability.

Configuring Hardware and Drivers

  • Hardware - Hardware and drivers in Debian Linux.

  • Sound - Getting sound working in Debian.

  • USB - USB devices and boot Debian from a USB pendrive BootUsb.

External Links

Getting Software into the System

Debian GNU/Linux provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 15490 packages -- precompiled, ready-to-run software bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine. The packages are stored in the Debian Archive.

Packages contain all the files neccessary to install and run the software on your computer. The system that Debian uses to organize and manage the packages is called Apt (Advanced Package Tool). This is a set of tools used to download, install, track, configure, update, and build packages. The programs in most packages depend on other software to be on your system in order to run properly. One of the great features of APT is the ability to handle these dependencies.

Because the package management tools were developed over time, the earlier tools are lower-level command-line tools and are more suitable for experienced users; the more recent tools are higher-level interactive tools and more suitable for new users. Here are the tools, in hierarchical order:

  • Interactive Tools which Automatically Handle Dependencies

    • Aptitude - The Debian package manager for users without a GUI

    • Synaptic - The Graphical/GUI (Graphical User Interface) Package Manager for Debian.

  • Debian Traditional Interactive Tools

    • dselect - The Debian Package Selection Tool

  • Command Line Tools

    • AptCLI - How to use the command line Apt-tools to install packages, remove packages, and update your system.

    • AptTools - Many other useful tools relating to package management.

Additional Information on Packages

  • DebianPackage - Debian packages, including pointers on how to build them.

  • ReverseDepends - How to find full reverse dependencies on a package.

  • Apt - An introduction to Apt and Dpkg, the package tools on Debian.

  • RollbackUpdate - How to go back to a previous version of a package that was changed by a security update

Working with Repositories