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   * Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) and Prism-based devices using a direct PCI interface.    * Supports Prism-based devices using a direct PCI interface.

Translation(s): none


Hermes I, Prism 2/2.5/3, Spectrum24 Trilogy devices (orinoco)

This page describes how to enable support for WiFi devices based on the Hermes I (Lucent/Agere), Prism 2/2.5/3 (Conexant, formerly Intersil) and Spectrum24 Trilogy (Symbol) chipsets; using the Orinoco driver on Debian systems.

This page is about the Orinoco driver. See Wikipedia for information about the ORiNOCO brand.

Driver

The Orinoco driver is a collection of modules providing support for various 802.11b devices, based on the Hermes I, Prism 2/2.5/3 or Spectrum24 Trilogy chipsets:

  • airport (supported devices)

  • orinoco_cs (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) and Prism-based PCMCIA/PC Card devices.
  • orinoco_nortel (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) and Prism-based PC Card devices using the Nortel PCI bridge.
  • orinoco_pci (supported devices)

    • Supports Prism-based devices using a direct PCI interface.
  • orinoco_plx (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) and Prism-based PC Card devices using the PLX9052 PCI bridge.
  • orinoco_tmd (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) and Prism-based PC Card devices using the TMD7160 PCI bridge.
  • orinoco_usb (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) based USB devices.
    • Introduced in Linux 2.6.35.
  • spectrum_cs (supported devices)

    • Supports Symbol Spectrum24 Trilogy-based PC Card and Compact Flash devices.
    • Introduced in Linux 2.6.14.

While Prism 2/2.5/3 chipsets are supported, use of the hostap driver is generally preferred; support for these chipsets in the Orinoco driver is disabled by default since Linux 2.6.35.1 For support of Prism-based USB 802.11b devices, see linux-wlan-ng.

As of Linux 2.6.28, downloading of firmware to volatile memory (RAM) and WPA support is available for Hermes I-based devices. For WPA support, firmware version 9.42 (or later) is required. The Orinoco driver will attempt to download firmware from userspace during device initialization.

Firmware is required to be provided for Spectrum24 Trilogy-based devices without flash memory (e.g. Intel WPC2011BWW, Socket Communications WL6000-320).

Installation

The Orinoco driver was introduced in Linux 2.4.3 and is included as modules in Debian kernel images.

Squeeze

WPA (Hermes I only)

You can skip this section if WPA support is not required, or if your device has a Prism or Spectrum24 Trilogy chipset.

Firmware is required to be installed prior to device operation.

  1. Add a "non-free" component to /etc/apt/sources.list, for example:

    # Debian Squeeze/6.0
    deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian squeeze main contrib non-free
  2. Update the list of available packages and install the firmware-linux-nonfree package:

    # aptitude update && aptitude install firmware-linux-nonfree
  3. Continue with the procedure below.

General

  1. Install the wireless-tools package:

    # aptitude install wireless-tools
  2. For users with Spectrum24 Trilogy-based devices only:

    Firmware is required for devices without flash memory. This can be downloaded and extracted using the get_symbol_fw script available from orinoco-fwutils:

    $ su
    # aptitude install unzip
    # exit
    $ wget 'http://downloads.sourceforge.net/orinoco/orinoco-fwutils-0.3.tar.gz?download'
    $ tar xvf orinoco-fwutils-0.3.tar.gz
    $ cd orinoco-fwutils-0.3
    $ ./get_symbol_fw
    $ su
    # mkdir -p /usr/local/lib/firmware
    # mv symbol_sp24t_prim_fw symbol_sp24t_sec_fw /usr/local/lib/firmware
  3. If not already performed, connect the device to your system.
  4. The necessary kernel modules should be automatically loaded. If necessary, the required modules can be loaded manually with one of the following commands (depending on your device's host interface):

    # modprobe airport

    or

    # modprobe orinoco_cs

    or

    # modprobe orinoco_nortel

    or

    # modprobe orinoco_pci

    or

    # modprobe orinoco_plx

    or

    # modprobe orinoco_tmd

    or

    # modprobe spectrum_cs
  5. Verify your device has an available interface:

    # iwconfig
  6. Raise the interface to activate the radio, for example:

    # ifconfig eth1 up
  7. Configure your interface as appropriate. See also troubleshooting and known issues.

Lenny

WPA (Hermes I only)

You can skip this section if WPA support is not required, or if your device has a Prism or Spectrum24 Trilogy chipset.

For WPA support, Linux 2.6.28 or later is required. Firmware is also required to be installed prior to device operation.

  1. Add the Debian Backports repository to /etc/apt/sources.list, also including the "non-free" component. For example:

    # Backported packages for Debian Lenny/5.0
    deb http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports lenny-backports main contrib non-free
  2. Update the list of available packages:

    # aptitude update
  3. Install a Linux 2.6.32 kernel image appropriate for your system, along with the lenny-backports/firmware-linux-nonfree package. For example:

    # aptitude -t lenny-backports install linux-image-$(uname -r|sed 's,[^-]*-[^-]*-,,') firmware-linux-nonfree
  4. Restart your system and boot with the newly installed kernel, then continue with the procedure below.

General

Include: Nothing found for "^##TAG:GENERAL_PROCEDURE_START"!

Include: Nothing found for "^##TAG:GENERAL_PROCEDURE_END"!

Translation(s): Français


Hermes I and Spectrum24 Trilogy devices (orinoco)

This page describes how to enable support for WiFi devices based on the Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) and Spectrum24 Trilogy (Symbol) chipsets; using the Orinoco driver on Debian systems.

This page is about the Orinoco driver. See Wikipedia for information about the ORiNOCO brand.

Driver

The Orinoco driver is a collection of modules providing support for various 802.11b devices, based on the Hermes I and Spectrum24 Trilogy chipsets:

  • airport (supported devices)

  • orinoco_cs (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) PCMCIA/PC Card devices.
  • orinoco_nortel (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) PC Card devices using the Nortel PCI bridge.
  • orinoco_plx (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) PC Card devices using the PLX9052 PCI bridge.
  • orinoco_tmd (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) PC Card devices using the TMD7160 PCI bridge.
  • orinoco_usb (supported devices)

    • Supports Hermes I (Lucent/Agere) based USB devices.
    • Introduced in Linux 2.6.35.
  • spectrum_cs (supported devices)

    • Supports Symbol Spectrum24 Trilogy-based PC Card and Compact Flash devices.
    • Introduced in Linux 2.6.14.

Previous support for Prism 2/2.5/3 chipsets (orinoco_pci module) is disabled by default since Linux 2.6.352, see hostap for device support. For support of Prism-based USB 802.11b devices, see linux-wlan-ng.

As of Linux 2.6.28, downloading of firmware to volatile memory (RAM) and WPA support is available for Hermes I-based devices. For WPA support, firmware version 9.42 (or later) is required. The Orinoco driver will attempt to download firmware from userspace during device initialization.

Firmware is required to be provided for Spectrum24 Trilogy-based devices without flash memory (e.g. Intel WPC2011BWW, Socket Communications WL6000-320).

Installation

The Orinoco driver was introduced in Linux 2.4.3 and consists of modules in Debian Linux kernel images.

WPA (Hermes I only)

You can skip this section if WPA support is not required, or if your device has a Spectrum24 Trilogy chipset.

Firmware version 9.42 or later is required for WPA support:

  1. Add a "non-free" component to /etc/apt/sources.list, for example:

    # Debian 8 "Jessie"
    deb http://http.debian.net/debian/ jessie main contrib non-free
  2. Update the list of available packages and install the firmware-linux-nonfree package:

    # apt-get update && apt-get install firmware-linux-nonfree
  3. Continue with the procedure below.

General

  1. For users with Spectrum24 Trilogy-based devices only: firmware is required for devices without flash memory. This can be downloaded and extracted using the get_symbol_fw script available from orinoco-fwutils:

    $ su
    # apt-get install unzip
    # exit
    $ wget 'http://downloads.sourceforge.net/orinoco/orinoco-fwutils-0.3.tar.gz?download'
    $ tar xvf orinoco-fwutils-0.3.tar.gz
    $ cd orinoco-fwutils-0.3
    $ ./get_symbol_fw
    $ su
    # mv symbol_sp24t_prim_fw symbol_sp24t_sec_fw /lib/firmware
  2. Connect the device to your system. The necessary kernel module is automatically loaded for supported devices.

  3. Configure your interface as appropriate. See also troubleshooting and known issues.

Troubleshooting

  • For WPA support on Hermes I-based devices, firmware version 9.42 or later is required to be downloaded to the card.

    • Ensure the Lucent/Agere station firmware (agere_sta_fw.bin) is available when requested, check the kernel ring buffer (dmesg(1)).

    • Ensure the firmware-linux-nonfree package is installed.

    • WPA capability can be verified by the presence of "WPA-PSK supported" in the buffer:

      [ 2598.821904] eth1: Program end returned 0
      [ 2598.821913] eth1: hermes_present returned 1
      [ 2598.822731] eth1: Hardware identity 0001:0002:0003:0004
      [ 2598.822854] eth1: Station identity  0005:0006:0007:0008
      [ 2598.822868] eth1: Firmware determined as Lucent/Agere 9.48
      [ 2598.822877] eth1: Ad-hoc demo mode supported
      [ 2598.822885] eth1: IEEE standard IBSS ad-hoc mode supported
      [ 2598.822892] eth1: WEP supported, 104-bit key
      [ 2598.822901] eth1: WPA-PSK supported
      [ 2599.051164] eth1: MAC address 00:11:22:33:44:55
      [ 2599.051265] eth1: Station name "HERMES I"
      [ 2599.051828] eth1: ready

    • See also known issues.

  • Spectrum24 Trilogy-based devices without flash memory: Examine the kernel ring buffer (dmesg(1)) to verify required firmware files are being loaded by the driver. If requested firmware is not available, no wireless interface will be created.

    • Ensure the firmware files produced by the get_symbol_fw script (symbol_sp24t_prim_fw, symbol_sp24t_sec_fw) were moved to /lib/firmware.

Known Issues

WPA

  • Supported with Hermes I-based (Lucent/Agere) devices only.
  • Only WPA-PSK TKIP is supported.

    • You may need to prevent wpa_supplicant from initially using CCMP, for example in /etc/network/interfaces:

      iface eth1 inet dhcp
          wpa-ssid foo
          wpa-psk barbazquxquuxcorgegraultgarplywaldofredplughxyzzythud
          # force WPA-PSK TKIP
          wpa-key_mgmt WPA-PSK
          wpa-proto WPA
          wpa-pairwise TKIP
          wpa-group TKIP

Monitor Mode

For Hermes I-based devices, Lucent/Agere firmware versions 7.xx and 8.xx are buggy with respect to monitor mode operation; the Orinoco driver will refuse to change to monitor mode if requested. Firmware versions <= 6.16 are required for this feature, see Other Notes regarding firmware flashing.

Monitor mode operation can be forced on buggy firmware versions by supplying force_monitor=1 as an option to the orinoco module:

echo options orinoco force_monitor=1 >> /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf

Other Notes

The station firmware on Hermes I-based devices can only be permanently upgraded/downgraded (flashed) through utilities available for the Microsoft Windows operating system. With respect to the AirPort card, its firmware can be indirectly flashed during installation of some Mac OS X operating system versions.

Installation of the hostap-utils package will blacklist the Orinoco driver modules. This package should be purged from your system if not required.

Supported Devices

airport

The AirPort card (not AirPort Extreme) is supported. This is an optional networking accessory for the following Apple systems:

  • iBook G3 ("Clamshell", "Dual USB / Snow")

  • PowerBook G3 ("Firewire")

  • Early-model PowerBook G4 ("Titanium")

  • Other compatible systems (e.g. slot-loading iMacs with an AirPort card adapter)

orinoco_cs

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PC_Card explains how to identify a PC Card device.

orinoco_nortel

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_nortel in Debian 3.16 (3.16.7-ckt9-3~deb8u1) kernel images.

  • PCI: 126C:8030 Northern Telecom (Device name unknown)
    PCI: 1562:0001 Symbol Technologies (Device name unknown)

orinoco_plx

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_plx in Debian 3.16 (3.16.7-ckt9-3~deb8u1) kernel images.

  • PCI: 10B7:7770 3Com Corporation 3CRWE777 PCI Wireless Adapter [Airconnect]
    PCI: 111A:1023 Efficient Networks, Inc (Device name unknown)
    PCI: 1385:4100 Netgear MA301 802.11b Wireless PCI Adapter
    PCI: 15E8:0130 National Datacomm Corp Wireless PCI Card
    PCI: 1638:1100 Standard Microsystems Corp [SMC] SMC2602W EZConnect / Addtron AWA-100 / Eumitcom PCI WL11000
    PCI: 16AB:1100 Global Sun Technology Inc GL24110P
    PCI: 16AB:1101 Global Sun Technology Inc PLX9052 PCMCIA-to-PCI Wireless LAN
    PCI: 16AB:1102 Global Sun Technology Inc PCMCIA-to-PCI Wireless Network Bridge
    PCI: 16EC:3685 U.S. Robotics Wireless Access PCI Adapter Model 022415
    PCI: EC80:EC00 Belkin Corporation F5D6000

orinoco_tmd

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_tmd in Debian 3.16 (3.16.7-ckt9-3~deb8u1) kernel images.

  • PCI: 15E8:0131 National Datacomm Corp NCP130A2 Wireless NIC

spectrum_cs

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PC_Card explains how to identify a PC Card device.

See Also


CategoryHardware | CategoryWireless

Troubleshooting

  • For WPA support on Hermes I-based devices, firmware version 9.42 or later is required to be downloaded to the card.

    • Ensure the Lucent/Agere station firmware (agere_sta_fw.bin) is available when requested, check the kernel ring buffer (dmesg(1)).

    • Ensure the firmware-linux-nonfree (Squeeze) or lenny-backports/firmware-linux-nonfree (Lenny) package is installed.

    • WPA capability can be verified by the presence of "WPA-PSK supported" in the buffer:

      [ 2598.821904] eth1: Program end returned 0
      [ 2598.821913] eth1: hermes_present returned 1
      [ 2598.822731] eth1: Hardware identity 0001:0002:0003:0004
      [ 2598.822854] eth1: Station identity  0005:0006:0007:0008
      [ 2598.822868] eth1: Firmware determined as Lucent/Agere 9.48
      [ 2598.822877] eth1: Ad-hoc demo mode supported
      [ 2598.822885] eth1: IEEE standard IBSS ad-hoc mode supported
      [ 2598.822892] eth1: WEP supported, 104-bit key
      [ 2598.822901] eth1: WPA-PSK supported
      [ 2599.051164] eth1: MAC address 00:11:22:33:44:55
      [ 2599.051265] eth1: Station name "HERMES I"
      [ 2599.051828] eth1: ready

    • See also known issues.

  • Spectrum24 Trilogy-based devices without flash memory: Examine the kernel ring buffer (dmesg(1)) to verify required firmware files are being loaded by the driver. If requested firmware is not available, no wireless interface will be created.

    • Ensure the firmware files produced by the get_symbol_fw script (symbol_sp24t_prim_fw, symbol_sp24t_sec_fw) were moved to /usr/local/lib/firmware.

Known Issues

WPA

  • Supported with Hermes I-based (Lucent/Agere) devices only; for Prism chipsets, see hostap.

  • Only WPA-PSK TKIP is supported.

    • You may need to prevent wpa_supplicant from initially using CCMP, for example in /etc/network/interfaces:

      iface eth1 inet dhcp
          wpa-ssid foo
          wpa-psk barbazquxquuxcorgegraultgarplywaldofredplughxyzzythud
          # force WPA-PSK TKIP
          wpa-key_mgmt WPA-PSK
          wpa-proto WPA
          wpa-pairwise TKIP
          wpa-group TKIP

WEP

<!> This encryption method is deprecated and not recommended for use.

  • For Prism-based devices, secondary/station firmware v1.4.9 or later is required for functional support.3

Monitor Mode

For Hermes I-based devices, Lucent/Agere firmware versions 7.xx and 8.xx are buggy with respect to monitor mode operation. The Orinoco driver will refuse to change to monitor mode if requested (e.g. via iwconfig(8)). Firmware versions <= 6.16 are required for this feature, see Other Notes regarding firmware flashing.

Monitor mode operation can be forced on buggy firmware versions by supplying force_monitor=1 as an option to the orinoco module:

echo options orinoco force_monitor=1 >> /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf

Other Notes

The station firmware on Hermes I-based devices can only be permanently upgraded/downgraded (flashed) through utilities available for the Microsoft Windows operating system. Some Agere firmware revisions are available here. With respect to the AirPort Card, its firmware can be indirectly flashed during installation of some Mac OS X operating system versions.

Installation of the hostap-utils package will blacklist the Orinoco driver modules. This package should be purged from your system if not required.

Supported Devices

airport

The AirPort Card (not AirPort Extreme) is supported. This is an optional networking accessory for the following Apple systems:

  • iBook G3 ("Clamshell", "Dual USB / Snow")

  • PowerBook G3 ("Firewire")

  • Early-model PowerBook G4 ("Titanium")

  • Other compatible systems (e.g. slot-loading iMacs with an AirPort Card adapter)

orinoco_cs

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PC_Card explains how to identify a PC Card device.

orinoco_nortel

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_nortel in Debian 2.6.32 (2.6.32-30) kernel images.

  • PCI: 126C:8030 Northern Telecom (Device name unknown)
    PCI: 1562:0001 Symbol Technologies (Device name unknown)

  • Supported Devices

orinoco_pci

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_pci in Debian 2.6.32 (2.6.32-30) kernel images.

  • PCI: 1260:3872 Intersil Corporation Prism 2.5 Wavelan chipset
    PCI: 1260:3873 Intersil Corporation Prism 2.5 Wavelan chipset
    PCI: 167D:A000 Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd. IPW2200 miniPCI Wireless

  • Supported Devices

orinoco_plx

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_plx in Debian 2.6.32 (2.6.32-30) kernel images.

  • PCI: 10B7:7770 3Com Corporation 3CRWE777 PCI(PLX) Wireless Adaptor [Airconnect]
    PCI: 111A:1023 Efficient Networks, Inc (Device name unknown)
    PCI: 1385:4100 Netgear MA301 802.11b Wireless PCI Adapter
    PCI: 15E8:0130 National Datacomm Corp Wireless PCI Card
    PCI: 1638:1100 Standard Microsystems Corp [SMC] SMC2602W EZConnect / Addtron AWA-100 / Eumitcom PCI WL11000
    PCI: 16AB:1100 Global Sun Technology Inc GL24110P
    PCI: 16AB:1101 Global Sun Technology Inc PLX9052 PCMCIA-to-PCI Wireless LAN
    PCI: 16AB:1102 Global Sun Technology Inc PCMCIA-to-PCI Wireless Network Bridge
    PCI: 16EC:3685 U.S. Robotics Wireless Access PCI Adapter Model 022415
    PCI: EC80:EC00 Belkin Corporation F5D6000

  • Supported Devices

orinoco_tmd

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PCI explains how to identify a PCI device.

The following list is based on the alias fields of orinoco_tmd in Debian 2.6.32 (2.6.32-30) kernel images.

spectrum_cs

The page HowToIdentifyADevice/PC_Card explains how to identify a PC Card device.

See Also


CategoryHardware | CategoryWireless