Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano


Il termine Firmware si riferisce a software embedded che controlla i dispositivi elettronici. Non esistono confini ben definiti tra il firmware e il software, in quanto entrambi i termini coprono una parte dello stesso codice. In genere il termine firmware ha a che fare con operazioni a basso livello su di un dispositivo, senza le quali esso sarebbe del tutto non funzionale... (Si può leggere di più su Wikipedia).

Firmware di dispositivi/driver

Molti dispositivi richiedono un firmware per funzionare. Storicamente, i firmware venivano incorporati nella ROM o nella memoria Flash del dispositivo, ma sempre più spesso il firmware deve essere caricato nel dispositivo dal driver durante l'inizializzazione.

Alcuni di questi firmware sono liberi e open-source, e alcuni di essi sono non-free; è quindi necessario aggiungere i componenti non-free e contrib al file /etc/apt/sources.list. Per maggiori informazioni, vedere sources.list(5) e Nozioni base sugli archivi Debian (Debian Reference).

Firmware durante l'installazione

In alcuni casi l'installatore rileva la necessità di firmware non-free e richiede all'utente di renderlo disponibile per il programma in modo da completare l'installazione, per un esempio vedere ipw2200; in altri casi ciò non avviene (601475).

Prima di iniziare il processo di installazione su hardware non conosciuto, un suggerimento è quello di scaricare l'archivio del firmware per l'installazione, spacchettarlo in una directory di nome "firmware" nella directory radice di un dispositivo di archiviazione rimovibile. Quando l'installatore parte trova automaticamente i file nella directory del firmware sul supporto rimovibile e lo installa se necessario all'hardware. Il collegamento per scaricare il firmware per Debian è http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/firmware/.

Ci sono altrimenti versioni alternative delle immagini CD "netinst" che includono tutti i pacchetti dei firmware non-free, si veda http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/

Una volta che la rete è configurata, l'installatore Debian può prelevare il firmware dai repository Debian.

Posizione del firmware

I firmware vengono memorizzati nei seguenti posti (vedere i file /lib/udev/hotplug.functions e /lib/udev/firmware.agent di udev)

  1. /lib/firmware/`uname -r` - Firmware fornito da un pacchetto, specifico per un kernel

  2. /lib/firmware/ - Firmware fornito da un pacchetto, valido per tutti i kernel

  3. /usr/local/lib/firmware - Posizione per firmware installato manualmente

  4. /usr/lib/hotplug/firmware - Firmware fornito da un pacchetto, valido per tutti i kernel

Elenco dei firmware nel kernel Linux

Per scoprire quale pacchetto fornisce un dato firmware si può usare questa pagina:
http://www.debian.org/distrib/packages#search_contents

Ecco un elenco dei moduli di Linux che richiedono un firmware per funzionare, generato automaticamente dal kernel Linux 3.2.0-4-686-pae (Debian 3.2.41-2) di Wheezy. Alcuni file di firmware sono pacchettizzati per Debian, ad esempio firmware-linux-nonfree.

Nota: l'elenco può non essere completo (in quanto il nome del firmware non è estraibile in modo affidabile).

3c359.ko

3Com 3C359 Velocity XL Token Ring Adapter Driver

3com/3C359.bin

acenic.ko

AceNIC/3C985/GA620 Gigabit Ethernet driver

acenic/tg1.bin
acenic/tg2.bin

advansys.ko

(none)

advansys/3550.bin
advansys/38C0800.bin
advansys/38C1600.bin
advansys/mcode.bin

aic94xx.ko

Adaptec aic94xx SAS/SATA driver

aic94xx-seq.fw

ambassador.ko

Madge ATM Ambassador driver

atmsar11.fw

at76c50x-usb.ko

Atmel at76x USB Wireless LAN Driver

atmel_at76c503-i3861.bin
atmel_at76c503-i3863.bin
atmel_at76c503-rfmd-acc.bin
atmel_at76c503-rfmd.bin
atmel_at76c505amx-rfmd.bin
atmel_at76c505a-rfmd2958.bin
atmel_at76c505-rfmd2958.bin
atmel_at76c505-rfmd.bin

ath3k.ko

Atheros AR30xx firmware driver

ath3k-1.fw

ath9k_htc.ko

Atheros driver 802.11n HTC based wireless devices

htc_7010.fw
htc_9271.fw

atmel.ko

Support for Atmel at76c50x 802.11 wireless ethernet cards.

atmel_at76c502_3com.bin
atmel_at76c502_3com-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c502.bin
atmel_at76c502d.bin
atmel_at76c502d-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c502e.bin
atmel_at76c502e-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c502-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c504_2958.bin
atmel_at76c504_2958-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c504a_2958.bin
atmel_at76c504a_2958-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c504.bin
atmel_at76c504-wpa.bin
atmel_at76c506.bin
atmel_at76c506-wpa.bin

b43.ko

Broadcom B43 wireless driver

b43/ucode11.fw
b43/ucode13.fw
b43/ucode14.fw
b43/ucode15.fw
b43/ucode16_mimo.fw
b43/ucode5.fw
b43/ucode9.fw

b43legacy.ko

Broadcom B43legacy wireless driver

b43legacy/ucode2.fw
b43legacy/ucode4.fw

bcm203x.ko

Broadcom Blutonium firmware driver ver 1.2

BCM2033-FW.bin
BCM2033-MD.hex

bfa.ko

Brocade Fibre Channel HBA Driver fcpim

cbfw.bin
ct2fw.bin
ctfw.bin

bfusb.ko

BlueFRITZ! USB driver ver 1.2

bfubase.frm

bna.ko

Brocade 10G PCIe Ethernet driver

ct2fw.bin
ctfw.bin

bnx2.ko

Broadcom NetXtreme II BCM5706/5708/5709/5716 Driver

bnx2/bnx2-mips-06-6.2.1.fw
bnx2/bnx2-mips-09-6.2.1a.fw
bnx2/bnx2-rv2p-06-6.0.15.fw
bnx2/bnx2-rv2p-09-6.0.17.fw
bnx2/bnx2-rv2p-09ax-6.0.17.fw

bnx2x.ko

Broadcom NetXtreme II BCM57710/57711/57711E/57712/57712_MF/57800/57800_MF/57810/57810_MF/57840/57840_MF Driver

bnx2x/bnx2x-e1-7.0.29.0.fw
bnx2x/bnx2x-e1h-7.0.29.0.fw
bnx2x/bnx2x-e2-7.0.29.0.fw

bt3c_cs.ko

Bluetooth driver for the 3Com Bluetooth PCMCIA card

BT3CPCC.bin

btmrvl_sdio.ko

Marvell BT-over-SDIO driver ver 1.0

mrvl/sd8787_uapsta.bin
mrvl/sd8797_uapsta.bin
sd8688.bin
sd8688_helper.bin

carl9170.ko

Atheros AR9170 802.11n USB wireless

carl9170-1.fw

cassini.ko

Sun Cassini(+) ethernet driver

sun/cassini.bin

cxgb3.ko

Chelsio T3 Network Driver

cxgb3/ael2005_opt_edc.bin
cxgb3/ael2005_twx_edc.bin
cxgb3/ael2020_twx_edc.bin
cxgb3/t3b_psram-1.1.0.bin
cxgb3/t3c_psram-1.1.0.bin
cxgb3/t3fw-7.10.0.bin

cxgb4.ko

Chelsio T4 Network Driver

cxgb4/t4fw.bin

cyclades.ko

(none)

cyzfirm.bin

dvb-ttpci.ko

driver for the SAA7146 based AV110 PCI DVB cards by Siemens, Technotrend, Hauppauge

av7110/bootcode.bin

dvb-ttusb-budget.ko

TTUSB DVB Driver

ttusb-budget/dspbootcode.bin

e100.ko

Intel(R) PRO/100 Network Driver

e100/d101m_ucode.bin
e100/d101s_ucode.bin
e100/d102e_ucode.bin

emi26.ko

Emagic EMI 2|6 firmware loader.

emi26/bitstream.fw
emi26/firmware.fw
emi26/loader.fw

emi62.ko

Emagic EMI 6|2m firmware loader.

emi62/bitstream.fw
emi62/loader.fw
emi62/spdif.fw

fore_200e.ko

FORE Systems 200E-series ATM driver - version 0.3e

pca200e_ecd.bin2

i1480-dfu-usb.ko

Intel Wireless UWB Link 1480 firmware uploader for USB

i1480-phy-0.0.bin
i1480-pre-phy-0.0.bin
i1480-usb-0.0.bin

i2400m-usb.ko

Driver for USB based Intel Wireless WiMAX Connection 2400M (5x50 & 6050)

i2400m-fw-usb-1.5.sbcf
i6050-fw-usb-1.5.sbcf

io_edgeport.ko

Edgeport USB Serial Driver

edgeport/boot2.fw
edgeport/boot.fw
edgeport/down2.fw
edgeport/down.fw

io_ti.ko

Edgeport USB Serial Driver

edgeport/down3.bin

ipw2100.ko

Intel(R) PRO/Wireless 2100 Network Driver

ipw2100-1.3.fw
ipw2100-1.3-i.fw
ipw2100-1.3-p.fw

ipw2200.ko

Intel(R) PRO/Wireless 2200/2915 Network Driver

ipw2200-bss.fw
ipw2200-ibss.fw
ipw2200-sniffer.fw

isci.ko

(none)

isci/isci_firmware.bin

isight_firmware.ko

(none)

isight.fw

iwl3945.ko

Intel(R) PRO/Wireless 3945ABG/BG Network Connection driver for Linux

iwlwifi-3945-2.ucode

iwl4965.ko

Intel(R) Wireless WiFi 4965 driver for Linux

iwlwifi-4965-2.ucode

iwlwifi.ko

Intel(R) Wireless WiFi Link AGN driver for Linux

iwlwifi-1000-5.ucode
iwlwifi-100-5.ucode
iwlwifi-105-6.ucode
iwlwifi-135-6.ucode
iwlwifi-2000-6.ucode
iwlwifi-2030-6.ucode
iwlwifi-5000-5.ucode
iwlwifi-5150-2.ucode
iwlwifi-6000-4.ucode
iwlwifi-6000g2a-5.ucode
iwlwifi-6000g2b-6.ucode
iwlwifi-6050-5.ucode

iwmc3200top.ko

Intel(R) IWMC 3200 Top Driver

iwmc3200top.1.fw

iwmc3200wifi.ko

(none)

iwmc3200wifi-calib-sdio.bin
iwmc3200wifi-lmac-sdio.bin
iwmc3200wifi-umac-sdio.bin

jr3_pci.ko

Comedi low-level driver

comedi/jr3pci.idm

kaweth.ko

KL5USB101 USB Ethernet driver

kaweth/new_code.bin
kaweth/new_code_fix.bin
kaweth/trigger_code.bin
kaweth/trigger_code_fix.bin

keyspan.ko

Keyspan USB to Serial Converter Driver

keyspan/mpr.fw
keyspan/usa18x.fw
keyspan/usa19.fw
keyspan/usa19qi.fw
keyspan/usa19qw.fw
keyspan/usa19w.fw
keyspan/usa28.fw
keyspan/usa28xa.fw
keyspan/usa28xb.fw
keyspan/usa28x.fw
keyspan/usa49w.fw
keyspan/usa49wlc.fw

keyspan_pda.ko

USB Keyspan PDA Converter driver

keyspan_pda/keyspan_pda.fw
keyspan_pda/xircom_pgs.fw

libertas_cs.ko

Driver for Marvell 83xx compact flash WLAN cards

libertas/cf8305.bin
libertas/cf8381.bin
libertas/cf8381_helper.bin
libertas/cf8385.bin
libertas/cf8385_helper.bin
libertas_cs.fw
libertas_cs_helper.fw

libertas_sdio.ko

Libertas SDIO WLAN Driver

libertas/sd8385.bin
libertas/sd8385_helper.bin
libertas/sd8686_v8.bin
libertas/sd8686_v8_helper.bin
libertas/sd8686_v9.bin
libertas/sd8686_v9_helper.bin
libertas/sd8688.bin
libertas/sd8688_helper.bin
sd8385.bin
sd8385_helper.bin
sd8686.bin
sd8686_helper.bin
sd8688.bin
sd8688_helper.bin

libertas_spi.ko

Libertas SPI WLAN Driver

libertas/gspi8385.bin
libertas/gspi8385_helper.bin
libertas/gspi8385_hlp.bin
libertas/gspi8686.bin
libertas/gspi8686_hlp.bin
libertas/gspi8686_v9.bin
libertas/gspi8686_v9_helper.bin
libertas/gspi8688.bin
libertas/gspi8688_helper.bin

libertas_tf_usb.ko

8388 USB WLAN Thinfirm Driver

lbtf_usb.bin

mga.ko

Matrox G200/G400

matrox/g200_warp.fw
matrox/g400_warp.fw

mwifiex_pcie.ko

Marvell WiFi-Ex PCI-Express Driver version 1.0

mrvl/pcie8766_uapsta.bin

mwifiex_sdio.ko

Marvell WiFi-Ex SDIO Driver version 1.0

mrvl/sd8787_uapsta.bin

mwl8k.ko

Marvell TOPDOG(R) 802.11 Wireless Network Driver

mwl8k/fmimage_8363.fw
mwl8k/fmimage_8366_ap-2.fw
mwl8k/fmimage_8366.fw
mwl8k/fmimage_8687.fw
mwl8k/helper_8363.fw
mwl8k/helper_8366.fw
mwl8k/helper_8687.fw

myri10ge.ko

Myricom 10G driver (10GbE)

myri10ge_ethp_z8e.dat
myri10ge_eth_z8e.dat
myri10ge_rss_ethp_z8e.dat
myri10ge_rss_eth_z8e.dat

netxen_nic.ko

QLogic/NetXen (1/10) GbE Intelligent Ethernet Driver

phanfw.bin

orinoco.ko

Driver for Lucent Orinoco, Prism II based and similar wireless cards

agere_ap_fw.bin
agere_sta_fw.bin
prism_ap_fw.bin
prism_sta_fw.bin
symbol_sp24t_prim_fw
symbol_sp24t_sec_fw

orinoco_usb.ko

Driver for Orinoco wireless LAN cards using EZUSB bridge

orinoco_ezusb_fw

p54pci.ko

Prism54 PCI wireless driver

isl3886pci

p54spi.ko

(none)

3826.arm

p54usb.ko

Prism54 USB wireless driver

isl3886usb
isl3887usb

pcnet_cs.ko

NE2000 compatible PCMCIA ethernet driver

cis/DP83903.cis
cis/LA-PCM.cis
cis/NE2K.cis
cis/PCMLM28.cis
cis/PE-200.cis
cis/PE520.cis
cis/tamarack.cis

prism2_usb.ko

(none)

prism2_ru.fw

qla1280.ko

Qlogic ISP SCSI (qla1x80/qla1x160) driver

qlogic/1040.bin
qlogic/12160.bin
qlogic/1280.bin

qla2xxx.ko

QLogic Fibre Channel HBA Driver

ql2100_fw.bin
ql2200_fw.bin
ql2300_fw.bin
ql2322_fw.bin
ql2400_fw.bin
ql2500_fw.bin

qlcnic.ko

QLogic 1/10 GbE Converged/Intelligent Ethernet Driver

phanfw.bin

r128.ko

ATI Rage 128

r128/r128_cce.bin

r8169.ko

RealTek RTL-8169 Gigabit Ethernet driver

rtl_nic/rtl8105e-1.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168d-1.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168d-2.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168e-1.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168e-2.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168e-3.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168f-1.fw
rtl_nic/rtl8168f-2.fw

r8192u_usb.ko

Linux driver for Realtek RTL8192 USB WiFi cards

RTL8192U/boot.img
RTL8192U/data.img
RTL8192U/main.img

r8712u.ko

rtl871x wireless lan driver

rtlwifi/rtl8712u.bin

radeon.ko

ATI Radeon

radeon/ARUBA_me.bin
radeon/ARUBA_pfp.bin
radeon/ARUBA_rlc.bin
radeon/BARTS_mc.bin
radeon/BARTS_me.bin
radeon/BARTS_pfp.bin
radeon/BTC_rlc.bin
radeon/CAICOS_mc.bin
radeon/CAICOS_me.bin
radeon/CAICOS_pfp.bin
radeon/CAYMAN_mc.bin
radeon/CAYMAN_me.bin
radeon/CAYMAN_pfp.bin
radeon/CAYMAN_rlc.bin
radeon/CEDAR_me.bin
radeon/CEDAR_pfp.bin
radeon/CEDAR_rlc.bin
radeon/CYPRESS_me.bin
radeon/CYPRESS_pfp.bin
radeon/CYPRESS_rlc.bin
radeon/JUNIPER_me.bin
radeon/JUNIPER_pfp.bin
radeon/JUNIPER_rlc.bin
radeon/PALM_me.bin
radeon/PALM_pfp.bin
radeon/PITCAIRN_ce.bin
radeon/PITCAIRN_mc.bin
radeon/PITCAIRN_me.bin
radeon/PITCAIRN_pfp.bin
radeon/PITCAIRN_rlc.bin
radeon/R100_cp.bin
radeon/R100_cp.bin
radeon/R200_cp.bin
radeon/R200_cp.bin
radeon/R300_cp.bin
radeon/R300_cp.bin
radeon/R420_cp.bin
radeon/R420_cp.bin
radeon/R520_cp.bin
radeon/R520_cp.bin
radeon/R600_me.bin
radeon/R600_me.bin
radeon/R600_pfp.bin
radeon/R600_pfp.bin
radeon/R600_rlc.bin
radeon/R700_rlc.bin
radeon/REDWOOD_me.bin
radeon/REDWOOD_pfp.bin
radeon/REDWOOD_rlc.bin
radeon/RS600_cp.bin
radeon/RS600_cp.bin
radeon/RS690_cp.bin
radeon/RS690_cp.bin
radeon/RS780_me.bin
radeon/RS780_me.bin
radeon/RS780_pfp.bin
radeon/RS780_pfp.bin
radeon/RV610_me.bin
radeon/RV610_me.bin
radeon/RV610_pfp.bin
radeon/RV610_pfp.bin
radeon/RV620_me.bin
radeon/RV620_me.bin
radeon/RV620_pfp.bin
radeon/RV620_pfp.bin
radeon/RV630_me.bin
radeon/RV630_me.bin
radeon/RV630_pfp.bin
radeon/RV630_pfp.bin
radeon/RV635_me.bin
radeon/RV635_me.bin
radeon/RV635_pfp.bin
radeon/RV635_pfp.bin
radeon/RV670_me.bin
radeon/RV670_me.bin
radeon/RV670_pfp.bin
radeon/RV670_pfp.bin
radeon/RV710_me.bin
radeon/RV710_me.bin
radeon/RV710_pfp.bin
radeon/RV710_pfp.bin
radeon/RV730_me.bin
radeon/RV730_me.bin
radeon/RV730_pfp.bin
radeon/RV730_pfp.bin
radeon/RV770_me.bin
radeon/RV770_me.bin
radeon/RV770_pfp.bin
radeon/RV770_pfp.bin
radeon/SUMO2_me.bin
radeon/SUMO2_pfp.bin
radeon/SUMO_me.bin
radeon/SUMO_pfp.bin
radeon/SUMO_rlc.bin
radeon/TAHITI_ce.bin
radeon/TAHITI_mc.bin
radeon/TAHITI_me.bin
radeon/TAHITI_pfp.bin
radeon/TAHITI_rlc.bin
radeon/TURKS_mc.bin
radeon/TURKS_me.bin
radeon/TURKS_pfp.bin
radeon/VERDE_ce.bin
radeon/VERDE_mc.bin
radeon/VERDE_me.bin
radeon/VERDE_pfp.bin
radeon/VERDE_rlc.bin

rt2800pci.ko

Ralink RT2800 PCI & PCMCIA Wireless LAN driver.

rt2860.bin

rt2800usb.ko

Ralink RT2800 USB Wireless LAN driver.

rt2870.bin

rt61pci.ko

Ralink RT61 PCI & PCMCIA Wireless LAN driver.

rt2561.bin
rt2561s.bin
rt2661.bin

rt73usb.ko

Ralink RT73 USB Wireless LAN driver.

rt73.bin

rtl8192ce.ko

Realtek 8192C/8188C 802.11n PCI wireless

rtlwifi/rtl8192cfw.bin
rtlwifi/rtl8192cfwU_B.bin
rtlwifi/rtl8192cfwU.bin

rtl8192cu.ko

Realtek 8192C/8188C 802.11n USB wireless

rtlwifi/rtl8192cufw.bin

rtl8192de.ko

Realtek 8192DE 802.11n Dual Mac PCI wireless

rtlwifi/rtl8192defw.bin

rtl8192se.ko

Realtek 8192S/8191S 802.11n PCI wireless

rtlwifi/rtl8192sefw.bin

serial_cs.ko

(none)

cis/3CCFEM556.cis
cis/3CXEM556.cis
cis/COMpad2.cis
cis/COMpad4.cis
cis/DP83903.cis
cis/MT5634ZLX.cis
cis/PCMLM28.cis
cis/RS-COM-2P.cis
cis/SW_555_SER.cis
cis/SW_7xx_SER.cis
cis/SW_8xx_SER.cis

smc91c92_cs.ko

SMC 91c92 series PCMCIA ethernet driver

ositech/Xilinx7OD.bin

smctr.ko

(none)

tr_smctr.bin

snd-asihpi.ko

AudioScience ALSA ASI5000 ASI6000 ASI87xx ASI89xx

asihpi/dsp5000.bin
asihpi/dsp6200.bin
asihpi/dsp6205.bin
asihpi/dsp6400.bin
asihpi/dsp6600.bin
asihpi/dsp8700.bin
asihpi/dsp8900.bin

snd-cs46xx.ko

Cirrus Logic Sound Fusion CS46XX

cs46xx/cs46xx-old.fw

snd-darla20.ko

Echoaudio Darla20 soundcards driver

ea/darla20_dsp.fw

snd-darla24.ko

Echoaudio Darla24 soundcards driver

ea/darla24_dsp.fw

snd-echo3g.ko

Echoaudio Echo3G soundcards driver

ea/3g_asic.fw
ea/echo3g_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-emu10k1.ko

EMU10K1

emu/audio_dock.fw
emu/emu0404.fw
emu/emu1010b.fw
emu/emu1010_notebook.fw
emu/hana.fw
emu/micro_dock.fw

snd-gina20.ko

Echoaudio Gina20 soundcards driver

ea/gina20_dsp.fw

snd-gina24.ko

Echoaudio Gina24 soundcards driver

ea/gina24_301_asic.fw
ea/gina24_301_dsp.fw
ea/gina24_361_asic.fw
ea/gina24_361_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-indigodj.ko

Echoaudio Indigo DJ soundcards driver

ea/indigo_dj_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-indigodjx.ko

Echoaudio Indigo DJx soundcards driver

ea/indigo_djx_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-indigoio.ko

Echoaudio Indigo IO soundcards driver

ea/indigo_io_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-indigoiox.ko

Echoaudio Indigo IOx soundcards driver

ea/indigo_iox_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-indigo.ko

Echoaudio Indigo soundcards driver

ea/indigo_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-korg1212.ko

korg1212

korg/k1212.dsp

snd-layla20.ko

Echoaudio Layla20 soundcards driver

ea/layla20_asic.fw
ea/layla20_dsp.fw

snd-layla24.ko

Echoaudio Layla24 soundcards driver

ea/layla24_1_asic.fw
ea/layla24_2A_asic.fw
ea/layla24_2S_asic.fw
ea/layla24_dsp.fw
ea/loader_dsp.fw

snd-maestro3.ko

ESS Maestro3 PCI

ess/maestro3_assp_kernel.fw
ess/maestro3_assp_minisrc.fw

snd-mia.ko

Echoaudio Mia soundcards driver

ea/loader_dsp.fw
ea/mia_dsp.fw

snd-mixart.ko

Digigram miXart

mixart/miXart8AES.xlx
mixart/miXart8.elf
mixart/miXart8.xlx

snd-mona.ko

Echoaudio Mona soundcards driver

ea/loader_dsp.fw
ea/mona_2_asic.fw
ea/mona_301_1_asic_48.fw
ea/mona_301_1_asic_96.fw
ea/mona_301_dsp.fw
ea/mona_361_1_asic_48.fw
ea/mona_361_1_asic_96.fw
ea/mona_361_dsp.fw

snd-msnd-classic.ko

Turtle Beach MultiSound (Classic/Monterey/Tahiti) Linux Driver

turtlebeach/msndinit.bin
turtlebeach/msndperm.bin

snd-msnd-pinnacle.ko

Turtle Beach MultiSound (Pinnacle/Fiji) Linux Driver

turtlebeach/pndsperm.bin
turtlebeach/pndspini.bin

snd-pcxhr.ko

Digigram pcxhr 0.9.6

pcxhr/dspb1222e.b56
pcxhr/dspb1222hr.b56
pcxhr/dspb882e.b56
pcxhr/dspb882hr.b56
pcxhr/dspb924.b56
pcxhr/dspd1222.d56
pcxhr/dspd222.d56
pcxhr/dspd882.d56
pcxhr/dspe882.e56
pcxhr/dspe924.e56
pcxhr/xlxc1222e.dat
pcxhr/xlxc1222hr.dat
pcxhr/xlxc222.dat
pcxhr/xlxc882e.dat
pcxhr/xlxc882hr.dat
pcxhr/xlxc924.dat
pcxhr/xlxint.dat

snd-riptide.ko

riptide

riptide.hex

snd-sb16-csp.ko

ALSA driver for SB16 Creative Signal Processor

sb16/alaw_main.csp
sb16/ima_adpcm_capture.csp
sb16/ima_adpcm_init.csp
sb16/ima_adpcm_playback.csp
sb16/mulaw_main.csp

snd-sscape.ko

ENSONIQ SoundScape driver

scope.cod
sndscape.co0
sndscape.co1
sndscape.co2
sndscape.co3
sndscape.co4

snd-usb-6fire.ko

TerraTec DMX 6Fire USB audio driver, version 0.3.0

6fire/dmx6fireap.ihx
6fire/dmx6firecf.bin
6fire/dmx6firel2.ihx

snd-vx-lib.ko

Common routines for Digigram VX drivers

vx/bd56002.boot
vx/bd563s3.boot
vx/bd563v2.boot
vx/bx_1_vp4.b56
vx/bx_1_vxp.b56
vx/l_1_v22.d56
vx/l_1_vp4.d56
vx/l_1_vx2.d56
vx/l_1_vxp.d56
vx/x1_1_vp4.xlx
vx/x1_1_vx2.xlx
vx/x1_1_vxp.xlx
vx/x1_2_v22.xlx

snd-wavefront.ko

Turtle Beach Wavefront

wavefront.os
yamaha/yss225_registers.bin

snd-ymfpci.ko

Yamaha DS-1 PCI

yamaha/ds1_ctrl.fw
yamaha/ds1_dsp.fw
yamaha/ds1e_ctrl.fw

softing_cs.ko

softing CANcard driver, links PCMCIA card to softing driver

softing-4.6/bcard2.bin
softing-4.6/bcard.bin
softing-4.6/cancard.bin
softing-4.6/cancrd2.bin
softing-4.6/cansja.bin
softing-4.6/ldcard2.bin
softing-4.6/ldcard.bin

solos-pci.ko

Solos PCI driver

solos-db-FPGA.bin
solos-Firmware.bin
solos-FPGA.bin

speedfax.ko

(none)

isdn/ISAR.BIN

starfire.ko

Adaptec Starfire Ethernet driver

adaptec/starfire_rx.bin
adaptec/starfire_tx.bin

tehuti.ko

Tehuti Networks(R) Network Driver

tehuti/bdx.bin

tg3.ko

Broadcom Tigon3 ethernet driver

tigon/tg3.bin
tigon/tg3_tso5.bin
tigon/tg3_tso.bin

ti_usb_3410_5052.ko

TI USB 3410/5052 Serial Driver

mts_cdma.fw
mts_edge.fw
mts_gsm.fw
mts_mt9234mu.fw
mts_mt9234zba.fw
ti_3410.fw
ti_5052.fw

tms380tr.ko

(none)

tms380tr.bin

typhoon.ko

3Com Typhoon Family (3C990, 3CR990, and variants)

3com/typhoon.bin

usb8xxx.ko

8388 USB WLAN Driver

libertas/usb8388.bin
libertas/usb8388_v5.bin
libertas/usb8388_v9.bin
libertas/usb8682.bin
usb8388.bin

vt6656_stage.ko

VIA Networking Wireless LAN USB Driver

vntwusb.fw

whiteheat.ko

USB ConnectTech WhiteHEAT driver

whiteheat.fw
whiteheat_loader.fw

wl1251.ko

TI wl1251 Wireles LAN Driver Core

wl1251-fw.bin

wl12xx_sdio.ko

(none)

ti-connectivity/wl127x-fw-3.bin
ti-connectivity/wl128x-fw-3.bin

wl12xx_spi.ko

(none)

ti-connectivity/wl127x-fw-3.bin
ti-connectivity/wl128x-fw-3.bin

yam.ko

Yam amateur radio modem driver

yam/1200.bin
yam/9600.bin

zd1201.ko

Driver for ZyDAS ZD1201 based USB Wireless adapters

zd1201-ap.fw
zd1201.fw

zd1211rw.ko

USB driver for devices with the ZD1211 chip.

zd1211/zd1211b_ub
zd1211/zd1211b_uphr
zd1211/zd1211b_ur
zd1211/zd1211_ub
zd1211/zd1211_uphr
zd1211/zd1211_ur

Questo paragrafo ha principalmente lo scopo di esporre moduli e firmware, dovrebbe essere migliorato per elencare i nomi dei pacchetti corrispondenti.

Firmware dei computer

BIOS
(wikipedia)

Trovato su computer cosiddetti IBM-PC compatibili

OpenFirmware
noto anche come OpenBoot
(wikipedia)

Trovato su:
* sistemi Sun SPARC,
* IBM Power,
* Apple Macintosh basati su PowerPC,
* IEEE 1275-1994,
...

EFI
(wikipedia)

Trovato su:
* sistemi ia64 (Itanium),
* alcuni sistemi ia32/amd64 (Macintosh basati su Intel, alcuni server Dell..),
* alcuni sistemi basati su XScale

Coreboot (LinuxBIOS)
(wikipedia)

Trovato su poche schede madri.
Può essere provato con QEMU http://www.coreboot.org/QEMU

PMON2000
(homepage)

Trovato sul Lemote Yeeloong e dispositivi embedded.