Gitlab is a git front end with repository management, graphs, links, goodies, commands to run, and review capabilities similar in feel to a self-hosted ?GitHub.
A new feature release of gitlab flows in the following direction: devel -> staging -> experimental -> unstable -> fasttrack-staging -> fasttrack (experimental and unstable may be skipped during freeze and transitions).
See /omnibus if you are looking for instructions to install upstream provided packages.
New upstream releases (including security updates) are announced at https://about.gitlab.com/releases/categories/releases/.
Debian is running its own Instance of GitLab under https://salsa.debian.org, which is not based on the packaged version.
Note 1: For a smooth upgrade experience, always stay on the latest major version of gitlab. For example, if latest version of gitlab is 12.0.0 and you are currently on 11.3.6, then update to 12.0.0 as soon as possible, certainly before the debian package is updated to 13.x. Ideally, you should update as soon as a new version with security updates is available.
Note 2: It is recommended to subscribe to changes in this wiki page or frequently check this page for updates. Alternatively, you can subscribe to https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/gitlab to get notified when new versions are uploaded.
- New workaround from gitlab 13.12.3: You need to use google-protobuf from rubygems.org (see below for details).
- New from gitlab 13.10.4: Since this version includes gitlab-workhorse golang binary, it was moved to people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly and should now include contrib section.
New in gitlab 13.6.7-1: New user created after a fresh installation should be approved using gitlab-rails-console. See gitlab#your_account_is_awaiting_approval_from_your_GitLab_administrator for steps to approving users and creating a user with Administrative privileges.
New in gitlab 13.3.8-1: You will need to install grpc gem from rubygems.org gem install -v 1.30.2 grpc (more details below). If you run gitaly on a different machine, you will need to do this on that machine as well.
New in gitlab 13.2.6-3: We have switched to puma as application server replacing unicorn. Upstream already made the switch from 12.9 and unicorn support will be dropped in gitlab 14.0. They saw a memory reduction of 37% in gitlab.com after the switch. See more details about this switch at this upstream blog post https://about.gitlab.com/blog/2020/07/08/migrating-to-puma-on-gitlab/. puma defaults to listening only on unix sockets and if you are running gitaly on a different machine, then you will have to edit /etc/gitlab/puma.rb to bind to tcp:// url as well.
Buster Fast Track (Recommended)
Gitlab 13.12.3 is available in unofficial fasttrack repo targeting buster as base distribution. (no open security issues).
A video demo of the whole installation process with commentary on packaging challenges and troubleshooting steps is available on Debian Social Peertube instance.
Some packages are still needed from personal repo of gitlab maintainer because golang packages cannot be uploaded in fasttrack.debian.net because of a bug in dak setup. Please note the new URL of this repo if you are upgrading from an older version (people.debian.org/~praveen/gitlab is now people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly and gpg key used for signing is also changed).
Make sure contrib section is enabled for buster and buster/updates
Modify /etc/apt/sources.list to add official buster-backports and contrib section if missing:
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian buster main contrib deb http://security.debian.org/ buster/updates main contrib deb http://deb.debian.org/debian buster-backports main contrib
Import fasttrack archive keyring:
# apt -t buster-backports install fasttrack-archive-keyring
And add the following lines for fasttrack repo:
deb https://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ buster-fasttrack main contrib # For dependency packages not in testing only temporarily due to freeze, transitions or delayed by backports-new or NEW. deb https://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ buster-backports main contrib
Eventually the packages in this repo will be moved to fasttrack or official backports after fixing https://salsa.debian.org/fasttrack-team/support/-/issues/8 (Need help)
deb https://people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly buster-backports main contrib deb https://people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly buster-fasttrack main contrib
Optional: To avoid some hours of delay between upload and availability in archive
deb http://incoming.debian.org/debian-buildd buildd-buster-backports main contrib
Refresh list of available packages:
# apt update
You may encounter the following error message:
The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 0B76920762A6B785
If so, these commands can help (trust these repositories):
# wget https://people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly/praveen.key.new.asc # apt-key add praveen.key.new.asc
Currently gitlab installation is broken due to libsass in buster-backports . See 953415 for more details.
A work around is to downgrade libsass and libsass-dev to versions in buster and hold it at the older version.
# apt install libsass1/buster libsass-dev/buster && apt-mark hold libsass1 libsass-dev
gitlab crash work around (install grpc from rubygems.org)
To avoid installation crashing with an error message like,
/usr/share/rubygems-integration/all/gems/gitaly-13.4.6/ruby/proto/gitaly/lint_pb.rb:17: [BUG] Segmentation fault at 0x0000000000000000 ruby 2.7.2p137 (2020-10-01 revision 5445e04352) [x86_64-linux-gnu]
We have to use versions of grpc from rubygems.org (don't forget to remove this version when ruby-grpc is fixed in debian)
# apt -t buster-fasttrack install ruby2.7
# gem install -v 1.30.2 grpc
and follow gitlab/troubleshooting#manually_installing_ruby_dependencies if you are seeing this crash again
gitlab-sidekiq service failure work around (install google-protobuf from rubygems.org)
# gem install -v 3.17.1 google-protobuf
and follow gitlab/troubleshooting#manually_installing_ruby_dependencies if you are seeing any problems related to services not starting or error 500 in gitlab.
Note: After gitlab is installed remove ruby-google-protobuf package to avoid conflicts.
Use apt pinning for resolving dependencies
Since buster-backports and buster-fasttrack have lower apt priorities compared to buster, we have to manually give higher priority to packages we want installed from these suites.
# apt install gitlab-apt-pin-preferences # apt install gitlab
Note: https://gitlab.debian.net is running on this version.
Note: This is still being tested and not recommended for production yet.
Add the following lines to /etc/apt/sources.list
deb https://people.debian.org/~praveen/fasttrack-staging/ bullseye-fasttrack main contrib deb https://people.debian.org/~praveen/fasttrack-staging/ bullseye-backports-staging main contrib
and install gitlab
# apt update # apt install gitlab
Note: Adding keys for repo changed from apt 2.18, see https://people.debian.org/~praveen/fasttrack-staging/README for the new method
Check gitlab/buster for notes about upgrading from buster.
Unstable (be careful when updating packages)
Gitlab 13.4.7 is available in unstable (many security release behind, see experimental for latest security updates).
We try to keep the version in unstable in a good shape with the latest security updates, but some times dependency updates break GitLab.
Now install gitlab
# apt install gitlab
Currently gitlab installation is broken due to a change in libsass. See 953415 for more details.
A work around is to downgrade libsass and libsass-dev to 3.6.1. Use http://snapshot.debian.org/package/libsass/3.6.1-1/ and hold it at the older version.
# wget http://snapshot.debian.org/archive/debian/20190705T210019Z/pool/main/libs/libsass/libsass-dev_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb
# wget http://snapshot.debian.org/archive/debian/20190705T210019Z/pool/main/libs/libsass/libsass1_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb
# dpkg -i libsass1_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb libsass-dev_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb
# apt-mark hold libsass1 libsass-dev
See gitlab#gitlab_crash_work_around_.28install_grpc_from_rubygems.org.29 for installing grpc gem from rubygems.org (just use apt install ruby2.7 for installing ruby)
Experimental - During freeze and transitions
gitlab 13.7.8 is available in experimental (many security release behind, see gitlab/staging for latest security updates).
If you are using experimental for the first time, check DebianExperimental.
You will have to follow the notes mentioned in unstable section above.
gitlab 13.12.3 is available in staging/experimental.
When gitlab is not ready for experimental/unstable (for example some dependencies need to clear NEW queue), it will be available from this repo.
You will have to follow the notes mentioned in unstable section above.
This section moved to gitlab/staging.
Gitlab on Stretch
This section moved to gitlab/stretch.
Gitlab with apache2
Gitlab can use apache instead of nginx. To get a working configuration for your version the best thing to do is to follow the (gitlab-recipes repository) instructions.
Basically you will have to : Disable nginx Set www-data as web server user. Allow Modules dependencies # mod_rewrite # mod_ssl # mod_proxy # mod_proxy_http # mod_headers
a2enmod rewrite proxy_http headers
and as says in recipe
Allow gitlab-workhorse to listen on port 8181, edit or create /etc/default/gitlab and change or add the following:
gitlab_workhorse_options="-listenUmask 0 -listenNetwork tcp -listenAddr 127.0.0.1:8181 -authBackend http://127.0.0.1:8080"
Troubleshooting common issues
You can reach the maintainers of the gitlab package via
Matrix at #debian-gitlab:poddery.com (join via browser)
IRC #debian-gitlab on OFTC network (join via browser)
Via XMPP at #firstname.lastname@example.org
Documentation for gitlab maintainers