Differences between revisions 77 and 385 (spanning 308 versions)
Revision 77 as of 2019-11-16 18:42:38
Size: 5243
Editor: Praveen A
Comment:
Revision 385 as of 2022-06-02 22:34:54
Size: 11187
Editor: Praveen A
Comment: gitlab 14.9.5 is available
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A new feature release of gitlab flows in the following direction: [[/devel|devel]] -> [[/staging|staging]] -> experimental -> unstable -> [[/fasttrack-staging|fasttrack-staging]] -> fasttrack (experimental and unstable may be skipped during freeze and transitions).

See [[/omnibus]] if you are looking for instructions to install upstream provided packages.

{{{#!wiki important
New upstream releases (including security updates) are announced at https://about.gitlab.com/releases/categories/releases/ and available as RSS feed https://about.gitlab.com/security-releases.xml.
}}}
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Note 2: It is recommended to subscribe to changes in this wiki page or frequently check this page for updates Note 2: It is recommended to subscribe to changes in this wiki page or frequently check this page for updates. Alternatively, you can subscribe to https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/gitlab to get notified when new versions are uploaded.
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== Buster Fast Track (Recommended) ==
Gitlab 12.2.9 is available in [[FastTrack|unofficial fasttrack repo]] (some packages are still needed from personal repo of gitlab maintainer) targeting buster as base distribution. (no open security issues).
{{{#!wiki important
Make sure `contrib` section is enabled for official repos.
}}}
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Add to `/etc/apt/sources.list` == Story of Gitlab packaging project/FAQ about Gitlab packaging ==

Gitlab Inc is sponsoring the packaging effort for a long time.

Though the dependencies are so many, the work benefits Debian immensely by maintaining many important build tools like webpack, rollup, babel, npm, yarn... And frameworks like ruby on rails.

The situation in packaging JavaScript modules is considerably improved over the years thanks to this packaging work. It took over 2 years for packaging handlebars_assets gem for diaspora because its embedded JavaScript library was using tools like gulp, webpack, jison etc and none of this was packaged for Debian. The whole JavaScript build tools were untouched for years in Debian and instead reverse engineering of the build tools for specific libraries was the norm (for example jquery), it was very hard and not scalable.

Out of 1600+ node modules gitlab needs, we have 1200+ modules already packaged. It is not impossible to have it in main (it was in main earlier before the nodejs modules exploded exponentially and if some more people join the team, currently it is mostly a single person work and at times some new people helping out with a handful of dependencies. I don't think it is much harder if you take whole gnome or KDE as comparison. We are able to pull it off because of team work. This project have also brought many new contributors to Debian.

While we might love long term supported releases, calling anything moving fast as insane and not able to adapt to change is a recipe for Debian becoming irrelevant over time. Many just want distros to be only a base os for shipping containers but that is not necessarily a good thing for users to have dependency on a single project for updates and lose choice and flexibility.

We created https://fasttrack.debian.net to serve gitlab as it did not fit into a debian stable release cycle and currently not just gitlab, but matrix synapse and virtual box is also shipped via FastTrack.

== New changes ==
 1. From gitlab 14.7.7: gitlab user needs to write to /var/lib/gitlab/.gem so if you installed gems manually as root user, you will need to update permissions or remove this directory. Gitlab package now installs required unpackaged gems in that directory automatically.
 1. From gitlab 14.2.6: postgresql database should be updated to 13 before installing gitlab 14.2. See [[gitlab/postgresql-update]] for steps to upgrading postgresql to 13.
 1. From gitlab 14.0.10: We no longer require a work around to install grpc and google-protobuf gems from rubygems.org, packaged versions now work.
 1. From 2021 July 23: We no longer require the personal repo of gitlab maintainer to install gitlab, all golang packages can now be added to fasttrack.debian.net directly. Thanks to Akshay S Dinesh for fixing this long pending bug (See https://salsa.debian.org/fasttrack-team/support/-/issues/8 for details).
 1. New workaround from gitlab 13.12.3: You need to use google-protobuf from rubygems.org ([[gitlab#gitlab-sidekiq_service_failure_work_around_.28install_google-protobuf_from_rubygems.org.29|see below for details]]).
 1. New from gitlab 13.10.4: Since this version includes gitlab-workhorse golang binary, it was moved to people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly and should now include contrib section.
 1. New in gitlab 13.6.7-1: New user created after a fresh installation should be approved using `gitlab-rails-console`. See [[gitlab#your_account_is_awaiting_approval_from_your_GitLab_administrator]] for steps to approving users and creating a user with Administrative privileges.
 1. New in gitlab 13.3.8-1: You will need to install grpc gem from rubygems.org `gem install -v 1.30.2 grpc` (more details below). If you run gitaly on a different machine, you will need to do this on that machine as well.
 1. New in gitlab 13.2.6-3: We have switched to puma as application server replacing unicorn. Upstream already made the switch from 12.9 and unicorn support will be dropped in gitlab 14.0. They saw a memory reduction of 37% in gitlab.com after the switch. See more details about this switch at this upstream blog post https://about.gitlab.com/blog/2020/07/08/migrating-to-puma-on-gitlab/. puma defaults to listening only on unix sockets and if you are running gitaly on a different machine, then you will have to edit `/etc/gitlab/puma.rb` to bind to tcp:// url as well.

== Bullseye FastTrack (Recommended) ==

gitlab 14.9.5 is available in Bullseye FastTrack (no open security issues).

Add fasttrack.debian.net as a trusted repo for apt,
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deb http://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ buster-fasttrack main contrib
deb http://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ buster-backports main contrib
deb https://deb.debian.org/debian buster-backports contrib main
# Eventually the packages in this repo will be moved to one of the previous two repos
deb https://people.debian.org/~praveen/gitlab buster-backports contrib main
# apt install fasttrack-archive-keyring ca-certificates
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And add the following lines for fasttrack repo:
{{{
deb https://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ bullseye-fasttrack main contrib
# For dependency packages not in testing only temporarily due to freeze, transitions or delayed by backports-new or NEW.
deb https://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ bullseye-backports-staging main contrib
}}}

You will also need official bullseye-backports repo:
{{{
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main contrib
}}}

Note: You may also use a mirror of fasttrack repo like http://mirror.linux.pizza/debian-fasttrack/

and install gitlab
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# apt install gitlab-apt-pin-preferences
# apt install gitlab
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You may encounter the following error message:
{{{
The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 0B76920762A6B785
}}}
If so, those commands can help:
{{{
# wget https://people.debian.org/~praveen/gitlab/praveen.key.asc
# wget http://fasttrack.debian.net/fasttrack-archive-key.asc
# apt-key add praveen.key.asc
# apt-key add fasttrack-archive-key.asc
}}}
== Unstable (be careful when updating packages) ==
Gitlab 13.4.7 is available in unstable (many security release behind, see experimental for latest security updates).
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Finally:
{{{
# apt -t buster-backports install gitlab
}}}
We try to keep the version in unstable in a good shape with the latest security updates, but some times dependency updates break gitlab.
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''Note: https://gitlab.debian.net is running on this version.''

== Unstable (be careful when updating packages) ==
Gitlab 11.8.10 is available in unstable (many open security issues).

{{{#!wiki important
Note: Use experimental till [[https://release.debian.org/transitions/html/auto-protobuf.html|protobuf transition]] is complete.
}}}
Now install gitlab
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We try to keep the version in unstable in a good shape with the latest security updates, but some times dependency updates break GitLab. === Known Issues ===
{{{#!wiki important
Currently gitlab installation is broken due to a change in libsass. See [[DebianBug:953415]] for more details.

A work around is to downgrade libsass and libsass-dev to 3.6.1. Use http://snapshot.debian.org/package/libsass/3.6.1-1/ and hold it at the older version.

# wget http://snapshot.debian.org/archive/debian/20190705T210019Z/pool/main/libs/libsass/libsass-dev_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb

# wget http://snapshot.debian.org/archive/debian/20190705T210019Z/pool/main/libs/libsass/libsass1_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb

# dpkg -i libsass1_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb libsass-dev_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb

# apt-mark hold libsass1 libsass-dev
}}}

{{{#!wiki important
See [[gitlab#gitlab_crash_work_around_.28install_grpc_from_rubygems.org.29]] for installing grpc gem from rubygems.org (just use `apt install ruby2.7` for installing ruby)
}}}

{{{#!wiki important
Downgrade ruby-autoprefixer-rails and node-autoprefixer packages to 10.3.1.0+dfsg1+~cs14.6.19-2 using https://snapshot.debian.org/package/node-autoprefixer/10.3.1.0%2Bdfsg1%2B%7Ecs14.6.19-2/ and hold them to this version.

# apt-mark hold node-autoprefixer ruby-autoprefixer-rails

See [[DebianBug:1009245]]
}}}

{{{#!wiki important
Downgrade ruby-github-linguist till gitaly is adapted to find languages.json from gem-install layout.

Get older version from https://snapshot.debian.org/package/ruby-github-linguist/7.12.2-1/

# apt-mark hold ruby-github-linguist
}}}
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Gitlab 12.2.9 is available in experimental (no open security issues). If you are using experimental for the first time, check [[DebianExperimental]]. gitlab 14.9.5 is available in experimental (no open security issues).
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grpc+protobuf transition is delaying upload to unstable. If you are using experimental for the first time, check [[DebianExperimental]].

{{{#!wiki important
You will have to follow the notes mentioned in unstable section above.
}}}

== Experimental/unstable Staging ==

When gitlab is not ready for official experimental/unstable (for example some dependencies need to clear NEW queue), it will be available from this repo.

{{{#!wiki important
You will have to follow the notes mentioned in unstable section above.
}}}

This section moved to [[gitlab/staging]].

== Gitlab on older releases ==

These versions no longer receive any secuity updates and it is recommended to upgrade to Debian 11 Bullseye to continue recieving security updates.

 * [[gitlab/buster|Debian 10 Buster]]
 * [[gitlab/stretch|Debian 9 Stretch]]

== Gitlab with apache2 ==

Gitlab can use apache instead of nginx.
To get a working configuration for your version the best thing to do is to follow the ([[https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-recipes/-/tree/master/web-server/apache|gitlab-recipes repository]]) instructions.

Basically you will have to:
 * disable nginx
 * set www-data as web server user
 * allow Modules dependencies:
  * mod_rewrite
  * mod_ssl
  * mod_proxy
  * mod_proxy_http
  * mod_headers
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# apt -t experimental install ruby-grpc ruby-gitlab-labkit ruby-google-protobuf
# apt -t experimental install gitlab-workhorse gitaly ruby-gitaly
# apt -t experimental install ruby-devise ruby-task-list ruby-benchmark-ips ruby-omniauth-google-oauth2 ruby-gitlab-sidekiq-fetcher ruby-redis
# apt install gitlab/experimental
a2enmod rewrite proxy_http headers
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== Gitlab on Stretch == and as says in recipe
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This is moved to [[gitlab/stretch]] now. Allow gitlab-workhorse to listen on port 8181, edit or create /etc/default/gitlab and change or add the following:
{{{
gitlab_workhorse_options="-listenUmask 0 -listenNetwork tcp -listenAddr 127.0.0.1:8181 -authBackend http://127.0.0.1:8080"
}}}

== Troubleshooting common issues ==

See [[gitlab/troubleshooting]]
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You can reach the maintainers of the gitlab package via  You can reach the maintainers of the gitlab package via
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 1. Matrix at #debian-gitlab:poddery.com ([[https://chat.poddery.com/#/room/#debian-gitlab:poddery.com|join via browser]])
 1. IRC #debian-gitlab on OFTC network ([[https://webchat.oftc.net/?channels=debian-gitlab&uio=MT11bmRlZmluZWQb1|join via browser]])
 1. Matrix at `#debian-gitlab:poddery.com` ([[https://chat.poddery.com/#/room/#debian-gitlab:poddery.com|join via browser]])
 1. IRC `#debian-gitlab` on OFTC network ([[https://webchat.oftc.net/?channels=debian-gitlab&uio=MT11bmRlZmluZWQb1|join via browser]])
 1. Via XMPP at `#debian-gitlab#poddery.com@matrix.org`
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== Maintainer's corner ==

 1. Installing gitlab on an lxc container to test - See [[gitlab/lxc]]
 1. Updating gitlab package to newer versions - See [[Teams/Ruby/Packaging/newUpstreamRailsApp]]

'''TODO'''
 1. Aim to get gitlab back in main by bullseye release by packaging all node dependencies. We can do this gradually starting with webpack from the archive.
 1. Get autopkgtest working so we can detect problems when someone updates dependencies without coordinating with us.

== Omnibus Packages ==

Note: this section is about the installation of upstream-provided unofficial packages.

== Install ==
all actions are performed under the root user, in ~ unless otherwise noted.

=== Step 1 ===
navigate to https://about.gitlab.com/install/ and copy down the link to the Debian deb package.

as of this writing @ June 5, 2014

run

 *wget https://downloads-packages.s3.amazonaws.com/debian-7.4/gitlab_6.9.2-omnibus-1_amd64.deb

=== Step 2 ===
run
 *dpkg -i gitlab*

=== Step 3 ===
--(i got errors 1st time around 2nd time around gitlab looked like it set everything and ran well.)--

To avoid errors, execute ''/opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/runsvdir-start'' for one minute, more or less (tested in 7.9.0 and 7.9.1 omnibus versions).

run
 *gitlab-ctl reconfigure

to verify that things are running

run
 *gitlab-ctl status

=== Step 4 ===
navigate to your servers IP address or domain name, and login as:

user: root
password: 5iveL!fe

== External Resources ==
https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/omnibus-gitlab/blob/master/README.md
Documentation for [[gitlab/maintainers_corner|gitlab maintainers]]

Gitlab is a git front end with repository management, graphs, links, goodies, commands to run, and review capabilities similar in feel to a self-hosted ?GitHub.

A new feature release of gitlab flows in the following direction: devel -> staging -> experimental -> unstable -> fasttrack-staging -> fasttrack (experimental and unstable may be skipped during freeze and transitions).

See /omnibus if you are looking for instructions to install upstream provided packages.

New upstream releases (including security updates) are announced at https://about.gitlab.com/releases/categories/releases/ and available as RSS feed https://about.gitlab.com/security-releases.xml.

Debian is running its own Instance of GitLab under https://salsa.debian.org, which is not based on the packaged version.

Note 1: For a smooth upgrade experience, always stay on the latest major version of gitlab. For example, if latest version of gitlab is 12.0.0 and you are currently on 11.3.6, then update to 12.0.0 as soon as possible, certainly before the debian package is updated to 13.x. Ideally, you should update as soon as a new version with security updates is available.

Note 2: It is recommended to subscribe to changes in this wiki page or frequently check this page for updates. Alternatively, you can subscribe to https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/gitlab to get notified when new versions are uploaded.

Make sure contrib section is enabled for official repos.

Story of Gitlab packaging project/FAQ about Gitlab packaging

Gitlab Inc is sponsoring the packaging effort for a long time.

Though the dependencies are so many, the work benefits Debian immensely by maintaining many important build tools like webpack, rollup, babel, npm, yarn... And frameworks like ruby on rails.

The situation in packaging ?JavaScript modules is considerably improved over the years thanks to this packaging work. It took over 2 years for packaging handlebars_assets gem for diaspora because its embedded ?JavaScript library was using tools like gulp, webpack, jison etc and none of this was packaged for Debian. The whole ?JavaScript build tools were untouched for years in Debian and instead reverse engineering of the build tools for specific libraries was the norm (for example jquery), it was very hard and not scalable.

Out of 1600+ node modules gitlab needs, we have 1200+ modules already packaged. It is not impossible to have it in main (it was in main earlier before the nodejs modules exploded exponentially and if some more people join the team, currently it is mostly a single person work and at times some new people helping out with a handful of dependencies. I don't think it is much harder if you take whole gnome or KDE as comparison. We are able to pull it off because of team work. This project have also brought many new contributors to Debian.

While we might love long term supported releases, calling anything moving fast as insane and not able to adapt to change is a recipe for Debian becoming irrelevant over time. Many just want distros to be only a base os for shipping containers but that is not necessarily a good thing for users to have dependency on a single project for updates and lose choice and flexibility.

We created https://fasttrack.debian.net to serve gitlab as it did not fit into a debian stable release cycle and currently not just gitlab, but matrix synapse and virtual box is also shipped via FastTrack.

New changes

  1. From gitlab 14.7.7: gitlab user needs to write to /var/lib/gitlab/.gem so if you installed gems manually as root user, you will need to update permissions or remove this directory. Gitlab package now installs required unpackaged gems in that directory automatically.
  2. From gitlab 14.2.6: postgresql database should be updated to 13 before installing gitlab 14.2. See gitlab/postgresql-update for steps to upgrading postgresql to 13.

  3. From gitlab 14.0.10: We no longer require a work around to install grpc and google-protobuf gems from rubygems.org, packaged versions now work.
  4. From 2021 July 23: We no longer require the personal repo of gitlab maintainer to install gitlab, all golang packages can now be added to fasttrack.debian.net directly. Thanks to Akshay S Dinesh for fixing this long pending bug (See https://salsa.debian.org/fasttrack-team/support/-/issues/8 for details).

  5. New workaround from gitlab 13.12.3: You need to use google-protobuf from rubygems.org (see below for details).

  6. New from gitlab 13.10.4: Since this version includes gitlab-workhorse golang binary, it was moved to people.debian.org/~praveen/gitaly and should now include contrib section.
  7. New in gitlab 13.6.7-1: New user created after a fresh installation should be approved using gitlab-rails-console. See gitlab#your_account_is_awaiting_approval_from_your_GitLab_administrator for steps to approving users and creating a user with Administrative privileges.

  8. New in gitlab 13.3.8-1: You will need to install grpc gem from rubygems.org gem install -v 1.30.2 grpc (more details below). If you run gitaly on a different machine, you will need to do this on that machine as well.

  9. New in gitlab 13.2.6-3: We have switched to puma as application server replacing unicorn. Upstream already made the switch from 12.9 and unicorn support will be dropped in gitlab 14.0. They saw a memory reduction of 37% in gitlab.com after the switch. See more details about this switch at this upstream blog post https://about.gitlab.com/blog/2020/07/08/migrating-to-puma-on-gitlab/. puma defaults to listening only on unix sockets and if you are running gitaly on a different machine, then you will have to edit /etc/gitlab/puma.rb to bind to tcp:// url as well.

Bullseye FastTrack (Recommended)

gitlab 14.9.5 is available in Bullseye FastTrack (no open security issues).

Add fasttrack.debian.net as a trusted repo for apt,

# apt install fasttrack-archive-keyring ca-certificates

And add the following lines for fasttrack repo:

deb https://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ bullseye-fasttrack main contrib
# For dependency packages not in testing only temporarily due to freeze, transitions or delayed by backports-new or NEW.
deb https://fasttrack.debian.net/debian/ bullseye-backports-staging main contrib

You will also need official bullseye-backports repo:

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main contrib

Note: You may also use a mirror of fasttrack repo like http://mirror.linux.pizza/debian-fasttrack/

and install gitlab

# apt update
# apt install gitlab-apt-pin-preferences
# apt install gitlab

Unstable (be careful when updating packages)

Gitlab 13.4.7 is available in unstable (many security release behind, see experimental for latest security updates).

We try to keep the version in unstable in a good shape with the latest security updates, but some times dependency updates break gitlab.

Now install gitlab

# apt install gitlab

Known Issues

Currently gitlab installation is broken due to a change in libsass. See 953415 for more details.

A work around is to downgrade libsass and libsass-dev to 3.6.1. Use http://snapshot.debian.org/package/libsass/3.6.1-1/ and hold it at the older version.

# wget http://snapshot.debian.org/archive/debian/20190705T210019Z/pool/main/libs/libsass/libsass-dev_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb

# wget http://snapshot.debian.org/archive/debian/20190705T210019Z/pool/main/libs/libsass/libsass1_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb

# dpkg -i libsass1_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb libsass-dev_3.6.1-1_amd64.deb

# apt-mark hold libsass1 libsass-dev

See gitlab#gitlab_crash_work_around_.28install_grpc_from_rubygems.org.29 for installing grpc gem from rubygems.org (just use apt install ruby2.7 for installing ruby)

Downgrade ruby-autoprefixer-rails and node-autoprefixer packages to 10.3.1.0+dfsg1+~cs14.6.19-2 using https://snapshot.debian.org/package/node-autoprefixer/10.3.1.0%2Bdfsg1%2B%7Ecs14.6.19-2/ and hold them to this version.

# apt-mark hold node-autoprefixer ruby-autoprefixer-rails

See 1009245

Downgrade ruby-github-linguist till gitaly is adapted to find languages.json from gem-install layout.

Get older version from https://snapshot.debian.org/package/ruby-github-linguist/7.12.2-1/

# apt-mark hold ruby-github-linguist

Experimental - During freeze and transitions

gitlab 14.9.5 is available in experimental (no open security issues).

If you are using experimental for the first time, check DebianExperimental.

You will have to follow the notes mentioned in unstable section above.

Experimental/unstable Staging

When gitlab is not ready for official experimental/unstable (for example some dependencies need to clear NEW queue), it will be available from this repo.

You will have to follow the notes mentioned in unstable section above.

This section moved to gitlab/staging.

Gitlab on older releases

These versions no longer receive any secuity updates and it is recommended to upgrade to Debian 11 Bullseye to continue recieving security updates.

Gitlab with apache2

Gitlab can use apache instead of nginx. To get a working configuration for your version the best thing to do is to follow the (gitlab-recipes repository) instructions.

Basically you will have to:

  • disable nginx
  • set www-data as web server user
  • allow Modules dependencies:
    • mod_rewrite
    • mod_ssl
    • mod_proxy
    • mod_proxy_http
    • mod_headers

a2enmod rewrite proxy_http headers

and as says in recipe

Allow gitlab-workhorse to listen on port 8181, edit or create /etc/default/gitlab and change or add the following:

gitlab_workhorse_options="-listenUmask 0 -listenNetwork tcp -listenAddr 127.0.0.1:8181 -authBackend http://127.0.0.1:8080"

Troubleshooting common issues

See gitlab/troubleshooting

Contact maintainers

You can reach the maintainers of the gitlab package via

  1. Matrix at #debian-gitlab:poddery.com (join via browser)

  2. IRC #debian-gitlab on OFTC network (join via browser)

  3. Via XMPP at #debian-gitlab#poddery.com@matrix.org

Documentation for gitlab maintainers