Differences between revisions 1 and 16 (spanning 15 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2008-05-21 11:36:49
Size: 2875
Editor: yoplait
Comment: Début de traduction ...
Revision 16 as of 2011-04-10 16:04:12
Size: 3085
Editor: ?mdt
Comment:
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 2: Line 2:
##TranslationMasterPage:DebianGnome

||<tablewidth="100%"style="border: 0px hidden ;">~-Traduction: [:DebianGnome:Anglais]-~ ||<style="border: 0px hidden ; text-align: right;"> (!) ["/Discussion"] ||
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[DebianGnome|English]] - Français - [[it/Gnome|Italiano]] - [[zh_CN/Gnome|简体中文]] - [[ru/Gnome|Русский]] - [[ms/DebianGnome|Melayu]] - [[ko/Gnome|한국어]]-~
Line 6: Line 4:
== Qu'est ce que GNOME? ==

Le bureau [http://www.gnome.org GNOME] est un environnement de bureau utile et attrayant. GNOME est à la fois libre et l'un des plus largement utilisés des environnements de bureau sur le système d'exploitation GNU/Linux. Debian 4.0 Etch inclut GNOME 2.14.3
== Qu'est ce que GNOME ? ==
Le bureau [[http://www.gnome.org|GNOME]] est un environnement de bureau utile et attrayant. GNOME est à la fois libre et l'un des plus largement utilisés des environnements de bureau sur le système d'exploitation GNU/Linux.
Line 11: Line 8:

Si vous n'avez pas ["X"] installé, vous pouvez une base minimum d'installation de X en utilisant ["Aptitude"] ou ["apt-get"]:
Si gnome n'est pas installé, vous pouvez installer la suite standard Debian en utilisant :
Line 14: Line 10:
 aptitude install x-window-system-core aptitude --without-recommends install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$
Line 16: Line 12:

La méthode actuelle pour installer un bon ensemble d'outils GNOME dans ["Debian"] [http://www.debian.org/releases/unstable sid] et [http://www.debian.org/releases/stable etch] est d'utiliser `gnome`.
Pour installer la suite standard GNOME, installez le package {{{gnome}}}.
Line 20: Line 15:
Donc, depuis la ligne de commande, lancez Donc, depuis la ligne de commande, lancez :
Line 25: Line 21:
Ceci installera des logiciels additionnels (rhythmbox, abiword, inkscape...) que vous voudriez ou non.
Line 28: Line 22:
Line 34: Line 27:
== Configuration ==
La plupart des configurations du bureau GNOME sont faites via ses nombreux utilitaires WikiPedia:GUI. L'emplacement de ceux-ci varie selon la version, mais les outils communs incluent le réseau, les thèmes, le son et bien plus encore. Il est aussi possible de configurer (lire/écrire) les paramètres en utilisant la ligne de commande avec gconftool(2).
Line 35: Line 30:
== Configuration == === Contenu ===
FYI,
Line 37: Line 33:
Most configuration of the GNOME desktop is done via its various [wiki:WikiPedia:GUI GUI] utilities. The location of these varies depending on version, but common utilities include networking, themes, sounds and much more. It is also possible to configure (read/write) settings using the command line with gconftool(2). Pour information ,la tâche "Gnome Desktop" est en fait composée des tâches DebPkg:tasksel's ''common'' desktop ({{{desktop}}}) et et du Desktop selectionné (par exemple, {{{gnome-desktop}}}) :
Line 39: Line 35:
See also :
 * ["xinitrc"]
 * [http://www.gnome.org] The GNOME Website
 * [http://gpe.handhelds.org/] The mini version: GNOME Palmtop Environmnet (GPE).
 * [http://www.gnome.org/start/getstable.html] : apt-get install gnome
 * [http://www.gnome.org/learn/users-guide/latest/] : GNOME User Guide.
 * [http://www.gnomefiles.com] Categorized list of gnome programs.
{{{
#tasksel -t install gnome desktop
aptitude -q --without-recommends -o APT::Install-Recommends=no -y install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$
}}}
Line 47: Line 40:
About GNOME for Debian: Dans la DebianLenny, cela contient donc :
Line 49: Line 42:
 * [http://wiki.debian.org/DebianPackage?action=fullsearch&context=180&value=Gnome Pages about GNOME in DebianWiki]. <<Include(Gnome, ,from="^##TAG:TASK_PLGLIST_START",to="^##TAG:TASK_PLGLIST_END")>>
Line 51: Line 44:
 * [http://lists.debian.org/debian-gtk-gnome/] Debian / Gnome Mailing list
Line 53: Line 45:
 * [http://survivor.sarovar.org/] Debian GNOME Survival Guide. == voir également ==
Line 55: Line 47:
 * IRC channel #gnome-debian on [http://www.xach.com/gimpnet/ GimpNET] ;  * [[xinitrc]] ''(en anglais)''
 * http://www.gnome.org Le site de GNOME.
 * http://gpe.handhelds.org/ La mini version : GNOME Palmtop Environment (GPE).
 * http://www.gnome.org/start/getstable.html : apt-get install gnome
 * http://www.gnome.org/learn/users-guide/latest/ : Guide utilisateur GNOME.
 * http://www.gnomefiles.com liste par catégorie des programmes GNOME.
À propos de GNOME pour Debian :

 * [[http://wiki.debian.org/DebianPackage?action=fullsearch&context=180&value=Gnome|Pages about GNOME in DebianWiki]].
 * http://lists.debian.org/debian-gtk-gnome/ Debian / Gnome Mailing list.
 * http://survivor.sarovar.org/ Guide de survie Debian GNOME.
 * [[irc://irc.debian.org/debian-gnome|#debian-gnome]]

Line 57: Line 62:

Contributors: !MattKirchhoff, Colin Watson, Ray Dassen, Pedro Macanás Valverde <addyournamehere.>
----
 CategoryDesktopEnvironment
CategoryFrDesktopEnvironment

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano - 简体中文 - Русский - Melayu - 한국어


Qu'est ce que GNOME ?

Le bureau GNOME est un environnement de bureau utile et attrayant. GNOME est à la fois libre et l'un des plus largement utilisés des environnements de bureau sur le système d'exploitation GNU/Linux.

Installer GNOME

Si gnome n'est pas installé, vous pouvez installer la suite standard Debian en utilisant :

aptitude  --without-recommends install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$ 

Pour installer la suite standard GNOME, installez le package gnome.

Standard

Donc, depuis la ligne de commande, lancez :

 aptitude install gnome

Autres métapaquets

  • Un ensemble plus restreint de logiciels, en compromis avec la release officielle du bureau GNOME : gnome-desktop-environment.

  • Pour l'installation minimale de GNOME gnome-core.

  • Un ensemble de paquets de production : gnome-fifth-toe.

  • Les paquets de développement pour compiler les paquets GNOME depuis les sources : gnome-core-devel.

  • Une suite complète de développement pour développer des applications basées sur GNOME : gnome-devel.

Configuration

La plupart des configurations du bureau GNOME sont faites via ses nombreux utilitaires GUI. L'emplacement de ceux-ci varie selon la version, mais les outils communs incluent le réseau, les thèmes, le son et bien plus encore. Il est aussi possible de configurer (lire/écrire) les paramètres en utilisant la ligne de commande avec gconftool(2).

Contenu

FYI,

Pour information ,la tâche "Gnome Desktop" est en fait composée des tâches tasksel's common desktop (desktop) et et du Desktop selectionné (par exemple, gnome-desktop) :

#tasksel -t install gnome desktop
aptitude -q --without-recommends -o APT::Install-Recommends=no -y install ~t^desktop$ ~t^gnome-desktop$

Dans la DebianLenny, cela contient donc :

Include: Nothing found for "^##TAG:TASK_PLGLIST_START"!

Include: Nothing found for "^##TAG:TASK_PLGLIST_END"!

Translation(s): English - español - Français - Italiano - 한국어 - Melayu - Português (Brasil) - Русский - 简体中文


Screenshot

What is GNOME?

The GNOME Desktop is an attractive and useful desktop environment. GNOME is both free and one of the most widely used desktop environments on the GNU/Linux operating system.

GNOME in Debian

GNOME is one of the DesktopEnvironment options in the DebianDesktopHowTo.

Versions

The meta-gnome3 metapackage is not a good indication of the version of the overall desktop, particularly in development distributions.

Options

There are three options to install GNOME in Debian:

How to install

Description

GNOME desktop task

tasksel see below

Debian's selection of applications
(This is what is installed on a freshly installed system. It includes some applications that do not really integrate with GNOME, like LibreOffice and Firefox)

GNOME (Debian)

gnome package

The full GNOME environment, including applications that are not officially part of the Upstream GNOME releases.
It provides the recommended GNOME environment for Debian.

GNOME (core only)

gnome-core package

Only the official “core” modules of the GNOME desktop. Above packages depend on this one.

  • {i} Watch out recommended packages (i.e. packages dependencies) !
    (you might or might not want to install them).

For developers:

  • gnome-core-devel - The development packages to compile GNOME dependent packages from source.

  • gnome-devel - A full development suite for developing GNOME-based applications.

  • gnome-api-docs - The complete API documentation for all GNOME libraries

Installing "GNOME Desktop" task

The GNOME Desktop task is what is installed by Debian-Installer's Desktop "task" (unless you picked another DesktopEnvironment!).

You can install it manually using apt:

# apt-get install task-gnome-desktop

Content

The "GNOME Desktop" task is the combination of tasksel's common desktop (task-desktop) and tasksel's GNOME desktop (task-gnome-desktop) meta-packages.

Configuration

Most configuration of the GNOME desktop is done via its various GUI utilities. The location of these varies depending on version, but common utilities include networking, themes, sounds and much more. It is also possible to configure (read/write) settings using the command line with gsettings(1).

The equivalent of gsettings(1) in much older versions of GNOME was gconftool(2). This is no longer used by GNOME itself, but might still be useful to configure very old applications.

Change cursor theme

Using GNOME on Xorg, it is possible to change the cursor theme by executing

# update-alternatives --config x-cursor-theme

Improve animations on AMD CPU systems (and some others)

Although Gnome developers are working to improve the situation, as of Gnome 3.30 animations are still heavily reliant on a single thread processed by the CPU.

The default CPUFreq scaling governor (Ondemand) which is used by AMD CPUs, older Intel CPUs, and many other CPUs, drops core frequency significantly between each animation frame (the issue is amplified by the nature of Gnome's engine only rendering frames as required) and this can result in jolty/laggy/slow animations. If you are experiencing this you may find the situation can be greatly improved by adjusting Ondemand's "sampling_down_factor" setting.

You can test if this improves animation smoothness on your system by executing the following command:

# echo -n 50 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/ondemand/sampling_down_factor

If you see an improvement and would like to make the setting persistent through reboots you can install sysfsutils:

# apt install sysfsutils

Then create the file /etc/sysfs.d/ondemand.conf and place inside the following:

devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/ondemand/sampling_down_factor = 50

Note: This tweak can result in a minuscule increase to your CPU's power consumption and heat generation.

See also

About GNOME for Debian:


CategoryDesktopEnvironment | CategorySoftware

voir également

À propos de GNOME pour Debian :


CategoryFrDesktopEnvironment