Démarrage rapide

1. Ce qu’il vous faut pour débuter

Le moyen le plus simple est d’acheter un kit FreedomBox.

Vous pouvez également décider d’en construire une vous-même en réunissant tous les composants :

2. Comment débuter

  1. Branchez un cable ethernet au port adequat de votre Freedombox, puis reliez l'autre bout du cable à votre routeur.
  2. Allumez votre Freedombox.
    • Note: On most single board computers, don't expect any output on a monitor connected via HDMI as the support may not exist in the kernel. See below to access and control your FreedomBox via network.

  3. Lors du premier démarrage, la Freedombox procède à l'installation initiale et se réamorce. Le processus peut durer quelques minutes. After giving it about 10 minutes, proceed to the next step.
    • Note: Currently, due a known bug, you need to restart your FreedomBox after 10m and then proceed to the next step.

  4. Après le réamorçage de la Freedombox, vous pouvez accéder à l'interface utilisateur (Plinth) depuis un navigateur.
    • Si votre ordinateur est directement connecté à la Freedombox via un second port ethernet (LAN), vous pouvez vous diriger vers l'adresse : http://freedombox/ ou http://10.42.0.1/.

    • Si votre ordinateur est compatible mDNS (GNU/Linux, Mac OSX et Windows avec un logiciel mDNS installé), vous pouvez aller à l'adresse : http://freedombox.local/.

    • If you know your way around the router's web interface, you can look up the IP address of the FreedomBox there, and browse to that address.

    • Si aucune de ces méthodes n'est disponible, vous devrez trouver l'adresse IP de votre Freedombox. Pour ce faire, vous pouvez utiliser le programme nmap:
           nmap -p 80 --open -sV 192.168.0.0/24 (replace the ip/netmask with the one the router uses)
      In most cases you can look at your current IP address, and change the last digits with zero to find your home network, like so: XXX.XXX.XXX.0/24

      Your FreedomBox will show up as an IP address with an open tcp port 80 using Apache httpd service on Debian, such as the example below which would make it accessible at http://192.168.0.165:

           Nmap scan report for 192.168.0.165
           Host is up (0.00088s latency).
           PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
           80/tcp open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.17 ((Debian))
      If nmap does not find anything with the above command, you can try replacing 192.168.0.0/24 with 10.42.0.255/24.
           nmap -n -sP 10.42.0.255/24
      The scan report will show something similar to the following:
           Nmap scan report for 10.42.0.1
           Host is up (0.00027s latency).
           Nmap scan report for 10.42.0.50
           Host is up (0.00044s latency).

      In this example, the FreedomBox is accessible at http://10.42.0.50. (10.42.0.1 is my laptop.)

  5. Lors de votre premier accès à Plinth, une page de bienvenue vous demandera de fournir des informations de base nécessaires à l'installation de la Freedombox.
  6. On accessing FreedomBox's web interface your browser will warn you that it communicates securely but that it regards the security certificate for doing so as invalid. This is a fact you need to accept because the certificate is auto generated on the box and therefore "self-signed" (the browser might also use words such as "untrusted", "not private", "privacy error" or "unknown issuer/authority"). Telling your browser that you are aware of this might involve pressing buttons such as "I understand the Risks", "proceed to ... (unsafe)" or "Add exception". After installation this certificate can be changed to a normal one using the Let's Encrypt option.

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  7. The first time you access the FreedomBox web interface, you will see a welcome page. Click the "Start Setup" button to continue.

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      If you have installed FreedomBox using a Debian package, you will be asked for a secret key. This secret must have been provided during the installation of the Debian package. It can also be read from the file /var/lib/plinth/firstboot-wizard-secret.

  8. The next page asks you to provide a user name and password. Fill in the form, and then click "Create Account."
    • Note: The user that you create here has Admin privileges and can also log in using ssh. You might not want to use the user account you will want to use in daily usage, to prevent security issues. You can later add more users.

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  9. Une fois le formulaire rempli, vous serez connecté à l'interface Plinth. Vous aurez accès aux applications et à la page de configuration.
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Vous pouvez désormais essayer n'importe quelle application de la FreedomBox.

3. Finding your way around

3.1. Front page

The front page is the page that you will see when accessing the web root of your FreedomBox. You can also access it by clicking the FreedomBox logo in the top-left corner of the FreedomBox's web interface.

The front page includes shortcuts to apps that have been installed and are enabled. For web apps, clicking the shortcut will take you directly to the app's web page. For other services, clicking the shortcut will show more information about the service.

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3.2. Apps menu

The Apps menu can be accessed by clicking the grid icon, next to the FreedomBox logo. This page lists all of the apps that are available for installing on FreedomBox. Click the name of an app to visit its page, where you can install and configure it.

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3.3. Help menu

The Help menu can be accessed by clicking the question mark icon in the top-right corner. It includes helpful links and the FreedomBox manual.

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3.4. System menu

The System menu can be accessed by clicking the gear icon in the top-left corner. It includes a number of pages related to system configuration.

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3.5. User menu

In the top-right corner, the name of the currently logged-in user is shown. A drop-down menu includes options for editing the current user or logging out of the user interface.

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3.6. Burger menu

FreedomBox's web interface is responsive. Eventually you might miss the menu options on slim windows.

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That's because the top menu options collapsed into the burger icon shown at the top right corner of the window. Clicking on it the menu drops down.

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Back to Features introduction or manual pages.


CategoryFreedomBox