Red para el anuonimato (Tor)

¿Qué es Tor?

Tor es una red de servidores operada por voluntarios. Permite a los usuarios de esos servidores mejorar su privacidad y seguridad cuando navegan por Internet. Tu y tus amigos podéis acceder a tu FreedomBox a través de la red Tor sin revelar su dirección IP. Activando la aplicación Tor en tu FreedomBox podrás ofrecer servicios remotos (chat, wiki, file sharing, etc...) si mostrar tu localización. Esta aplicación te dará una protección mejor que un servidor web público porque estarás menos expuesto a gente intrusiva.

Usar Tor para navegación anónima

Tor Browser is the recommended way to browse the web using Tor. You can download the Tor Browser from https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html and follow the instructions on that site to install and run it.

Usar un Servicio Oculto Tor para acceder a tu FreedomBox

Tor Hidden Service provides a way to access your FreedomBox, even if it's behind a router, firewall, or carrier-grade NAT (i.e., your Internet Service Provider does not provide a public IPv4 address for your router).

To enable Tor Hidden Service, first navigate to the Anonymity Network (Tor) page. (If you don't see it, click on the FreedomBox logo at the top-left of the page, to go to the main Apps page.) On the Anonymity Network (Tor) page, under Configuration, check "Enable Tor Hidden Service", then press the Update setup button. Tor will be reconfigured and restarted.

After a while, the page will refresh and under Status, you will see a table listing the Hidden Service .onion address. Copy the entire address (ending in .onion) and paste it into the Tor Browser's address field, and you should be able to access your FreedomBox. (You may see a certificate warning because FreedomBox has a self-signed certificate.)

Tor Browser - Plinth

Currently only HTTP (port 80), HTTPS (port 443), and SSH (port 22) are accessible through the Tor Hidden Service configured on the FreedomBox.

Apps accesibles via Tor

The following apps can be accessed over Tor. Note that this list is not exhaustive.

Ejecutar un relay Tor

When Tor is installed, it is configured by default to run as a bridge relay. The relay or bridge option can be disabled through the Tor configuration page in Plinth.

At the bottom of the Tor page in Plinth, there is a list of ports used by the Tor relay. If your FreedomBox is behind a router, you will need to configure port forwarding on your router so that these ports can be reached from the public Internet.

The requirements to run a relay are listed in the Tor Relay Guide. In short, it is

Usar el puerto Tor SOCKS (avanzado)

FreedomBox provides a Tor SOCKS port that other applications can connect to, in order to route their traffic over the Tor network. This port is accessible on any interfaces configured in the internal firewall zone. To configure the application, set SOCKS Host to the internal network connection's IP address, and set the SOCKS Port to 9050.

Saltando la censura de Tor

If your ISP is trying to block Tor traffic, you can use tor bridge relays to connect to the tor network.

1. Get the bridge configuration from the Tor BridgeDB

Tor BridgeDB

2. Add the lines to your FreedomBox Tor configuration as show below.

Tor Configuration Page

Volver a la descripción de Funcionalidades o a las páginas del manual.


CategoryFreedomBox