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chroot on Unix-like operating systems is an operation that changes the apparent root directory for the current running process and its children.(Read more ...)

Basic Installation

Building a "chroot" is very easy in Debian.

You will need:

apt-get install binutils debootstrap

mkdir -p /srv/chroot/wheezy

debootstrap --arch i386 wheezy /srv/chroot/wheezy http://http.debian.net/debian

chroot /srv/chroot/wheezy

Configuration

In general, it is necessary to create/edit key configuration points.

Create a /usr/sbin/policy-rc.d file IN THE CHROOT so that dpkg won't start daemons unless desired. This example prevents all daemons from being started in the chroot.

chroot /srv/chroot/wheezy
cat > ./usr/sbin/policy-rc.d <<EOF
#!/bin/sh
exit 101
EOF
chmod a+x ./usr/sbin/policy-rc.d

The ischroot command is buggy and does not detect that it is running in a chroot (685034). Several packages depend upon ischroot for determining correct behavior in a chroot and will operate incorrectly during upgrades if it is not fixed. The easiest way to fix it is to replace ischroot with the /bin/true command.

dpkg-divert --divert /usr/bin/ischroot.debianutils --rename /usr/bin/ischroot
ln -s /bin/true /usr/bin/ischroot

Configuring a chroot is relatively static and very specific, it may be possible to dispense with the command "top-level" and directly edit files.

/etc/passwd
/etc/groups

/etc/hosts
/etc/resolv.conf

/etc/fstab

Mounting pseudo filesystems

/proc

proc on /proc type proc (rw)
sysfs on /sys sysfs kind (rw)

/dev/pts

In this case, the primary system, run the command:

mount --bind /dev/pts /srv/chroot/wheezy/dev/pts

Default Configurations

Generally the file /etc/fstab might look like this:

# grep chroot /etc/fstab
/dev /srv/chroot/wheezy/dev auto bind 0 0
/dev/pts /srv/chroot/wheezy/dev/pts auto bind 0 0
/proc /srv/chroot/wheezy/proc auto bind 0 0

Therefore mount on the primary system would be:

# mount | grep chroot
/dev on /srv/chroot/wheezy/dev -type none (rw, bind)
/dev/pts on /srv/chroot/wheezy/dev/pts kind none (rw, bind)
/proc on /srv/chroot/wheezy/proc type none (rw, bind)

Adding / removing packages

apt-get install deborphan

deborphan -a

apt-get remove --purge telnet manpages pppconfig ipchains ...

Complementary list svgalibg1 whiptail

apt-get install emacs23 local mc

Usage

Common examples of chroot usage:


ToDo - Clean up from French translation.