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Open firmware for ath9k_htc

This page describes how to compile and install open firmware for the ath9k_htc driver on Debian systems.

There's also a binary version prepared for the debian archives in the package firmware-ath9k-htc


  1. Install required packages:

    $ sudo apt install build-essential cmake git m4 texinfo
  2. Clone the repo:

    $ git clone
    $ cd open-ath9k-htc-firmware
  3. Checkout the latest tagged release:

    $ git tag
    $ git checkout 1.3.2
  4. Build the toolchain:

    $ make toolchain

    If the tool chain doesn't build, try checking out master:

    $ git checkout master
    $ make toolchain
  5. Build the firmware:

    $ make firmware
  6. Install the firmware:

    $ sudo cp target_firmware/*.fw /lib/firmware/
  7. Connect the device to your system. The ath9k_htc kernel module is automatically loaded for supported devices.

  8. Configure your wireless interface as appropriate.

Fix the "Scan but not Connect" issue (NetworkManager)

This was due to a bug in wpasupplicant which has been fixed in Stretch (2:2.4-1+deb9u6), Buster (2:2.7+git20190128+0c1e29f-6+deb10u2), and Bullseye/unstable (2:2.9.0-12).

See Also

CategoryHardware | CategoryWireless