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[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiling_window_manager|Tiling window managers]] arrange application windows into various grid layouts, often in a manner which displays all of the windows seamlessly without overlapping. Debian provides several popular tiling window managers, including: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiling_window_manager|Tiling window managers]] arrange application windows into various grid layouts, often in a manner which displays all of the windows seamlessly without overlapping. Debian provides packages for several popular tiling window managers, including:
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=== awesome ===
 * awesome [[http://awesome.naquadah.org/]]
 * [[http://awesome.naquadah.org|awesome]]
 * [[http://dwm.suckless.org|dwm]] (see also [[fr/Dwm|fr/dwm wiki]] (French))
 * [[http://i3wm.org|i3]]
 * [[http://jriddell.org/larswm/larswm-doc-7.0/|larswm]]
 * [[http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/|ratpoison]]
 * [[http://sawfish.wikia.com|sawfish]]
 * [[http://scrotwm.org|scrotwm]]
 * [[http://www.nongnu.org/stumpwm/|stumpwm]]
 * [[http://wmii.suckless.org|wmii]] (see also [[Wmii|wmii wiki]])
 * [[http://xmonad.org|xmonad]]
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=== dwm ===
[[http://dwm.suckless.org]]
Package: DebianPkg:dwm
Several other tiling window managers can be built from source, including:
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PROS:
 * Clean and minimalistic user interface. Very lightweight.
CONS:
 * It has no configuration file, one have to fetch the source and recompile it to customize it.
See also [[fr/DWM]] ''(French)''
=== larswm ===

=== i3-wm ===

=== ion ===
 * [[fr/Ion]] ''(French)''
=== mutter ===

=== sawfish ===
 * Sawfish [[http://sawfish.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page]]

=== wmii ===
 * [[Wmii|wmii]] [[http://wmii.suckless.org/]]

Uses a [[http://9p.cat-v.org|9P file system]] for scripting and configuration.

=== xfwm ===

=== xmonad ===

 * xmonad [[http://xmonad.org/]]
 * [[http://plhk.ru|echinus]]
 * [[http://tuomov.iki.fi/software/|ion]] (see also [[fr/Ion]] (French))
 * [[http://aerosuidae.net/musca.html|musca]]
 * [[https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Subtle|subtle]]
 * [[http://wmfs.info|wmfs]]

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano


In the X Window System, the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an xterminal, a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

The most commonly used Linux window managers are:

Other WMs include:

Tiling Window manager

Tiling window managers arrange application windows into various grid layouts, often in a manner which displays all of the windows seamlessly without overlapping. Debian provides packages for several popular tiling window managers, including:

Several other tiling window managers can be built from source, including:


See x-window-manager packages descriptions If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ?Desktop_environments such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also



CategoryDesktopEnvironment | CategoryXWindowSystem