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~-Translation(s): [[fr/WindowManager|Français]] -~ ~-Translation(s): [[fr/WindowManager|Français]] - [[it/WindowManager|Italiano]]-~
----
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 * 9wm
 * aewm
 * AfterStep
 * amiwm
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 * Blackbox [[http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]]
 * Enlightenment [[http://www.enlightenment.org/]]
 * Fluxbox [[http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]]
 * Fvwm [[http://www.fvwm.org/]] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)
 * IceWM [[http://www.icewm.org/]]
 * JWM [[http://joewing.net/programs/jwm/]]
 * KWin / Kwm (The window manager used for the KDE desktop)
 * lwm
 * Metacity [[http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/metacity]] (for DebianGnome ).
 * MIWM
 * Openbox [[http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]]
 * OpenLook
 * Oroborus
 * PekWM
 * ratpoison
 * Scrotwm
 * StumpWM
 * TinyWM
 * Twm (an old window manager dating back to the beginnings of X windows)
 * uwm
 * VTWM
 * w9wm
 * WindowLab
 * Windowmaker [[http://www.windowmaker.org/]]
 * wm2
 * XFCE [[http://www.xfce.org/]]
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== Tiling Window manager ==
=== awesome ===
 * awesome [[http://awesome.naquadah.org/]]

=== dwm ===
Package: DebianPkg:dwm

PROS:
 *
CONS:
 * It has no configuration file, one have to fetch the source and recompile it to customize it.
=== larswm ===

=== i3-wm ===

=== ion ===

=== mutter ===

=== sawfish ===
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 * Windowmaker [[http://www.windowmaker.org/]]

 * Metacity [[http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/metacity]] (for DebianGnome ).

 * Blackbox [[http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]]

 * Fluxbox [[http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]]

 * IceWM [[http://www.icewm.org/]]

 * JWM [[http://joewing.net/programs/jwm/]]

 * Openbox [[http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]]

 * Enlightenment [[http://www.enlightenment.org/]]

 * XFCE [[http://www.xfce.org/]]

 * Kwm (The window manager used for the KDE desktop)

 * Twm (an old window manager dating back to the beginnings of X windows)

 * Fvwm [[http://www.fvwm.org/]] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)

 * OpenLook
=== wmii ===
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 * awesome [[http://awesome.naquadah.org/]] === xfwm ===
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=== xmonad ===
see DebPkg:x-window-manager packages descriptions
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see DebPkg:x-window-manager packages descriptions

Translation(s): Français - Italiano


In the X Window System, the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an xterminal, a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

Available Linux window managers are:

Tiling Window manager

awesome

dwm

Package: dwm

PROS:

CONS:

  • It has no configuration file, one have to fetch the source and recompile it to customize it.

larswm

i3-wm

ion

mutter

sawfish

wmii

xfwm

xmonad

see x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ?Desktop_environments such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also



CategoryDesktopEnvironment | CategoryXWindowSystem