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Revision 24 as of 2009-03-16 03:33:23
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'''Translation(s):''' [:fr/WindowManager:Français] '''Translation(s):''' [[fr/WindowManager|Français]]
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In the [:XWindowSystem:X Window System], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a ''window manager''. In the [[XWindowSystem|X Window System]], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a ''window manager''.
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 * Sawfish [http://sawmill.sourceforge.net/]  * Sawfish [[http://sawmill.sourceforge.net/]]
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 * Windowmaker [http://www.windowmaker.org/]  * Windowmaker [[http://www.windowmaker.org/]]
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 * Metacity [http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/metacity] (for DebianGnome ).  * Metacity [[http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/metacity]] (for DebianGnome ).
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 * Blackbox [http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]  * Blackbox [[http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]]
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 * Fluxbox [http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]  * Fluxbox [[http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]]
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 * Openbox [http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]  * Openbox [[http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]]
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 * Enlightenment [http://www.enlightenment.org/]  * Enlightenment [[http://www.enlightenment.org/]]
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 * XFCE [http://www.xfce.org/]  * XFCE [[http://www.xfce.org/]]
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 * Fvwm [http://www.fvwm.org/] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)  * Fvwm [[http://www.fvwm.org/]] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)
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Window Managers must not be confused with ["Desktop environment"]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a __single__ part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from. Window Managers must not be confused with [[Desktop_environment]]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a __single__ part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.
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 * [:display manager:Display manager]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).
 * [wiki:WikiPedia:GUI GUI]
 * [[display_manager|Display manager]]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).
 * [[WikiPedia:GUI|GUI]]
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 * [http://markhobley.yi.org:8000/xwincompare Comparison of X Window Managers at the Mark Hobley's Open Source Laboratory]  * [[http://markhobley.yi.org:8000/xwincompare|Comparison of X Window Managers at the Mark Hobley's Open Source Laboratory]]
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CategoryDesktopEnvironment | ["CategoryXWindowSystem"] CategoryDesktopEnvironment | [[CategoryXWindowSystem]]

Translation(s): Français

In the X Window System, the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an xterminal, a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

Common Linux window managers are:

see x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ?Desktop_environments such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also



CategoryDesktopEnvironment | CategoryXWindowSystem