Differences between revisions 13 and 14
Revision 13 as of 2007-08-08 19:21:23
Size: 2634
Editor: FranklinPiat
Comment: cleanup link.
Revision 14 as of 2007-12-18 22:42:25
Size: 2623
Comment: adding portal's category
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["GUI"] > ["X Window System"]
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 * ["Display manager"]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).
 * ["GUI"]
 * ["X Window System"]
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 * DesktopEnvironment for ["X Window System"]
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 * ["Display manager"]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..). ----

In the ["X Window System"], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an ["xterminal"], a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

Common Linux window managers are:

see x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ["Desktop environment"]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also

  • ["Display manager"]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).
  • ["GUI"]
  • ["X Window System"]