Differences between revisions 11 and 13 (spanning 2 versions)
Revision 11 as of 2006-03-29 07:14:12
Size: 24
Editor: PeMac
Comment:
Revision 13 as of 2007-08-08 19:21:23
Size: 2634
Editor: FranklinPiat
Comment: cleanup link.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
See ["window manager"] ["GUI"] > ["X Window System"]
-------
In the ["X Window System"], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a ''window manager''.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an ["xterminal"], a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

Common Linux window managers are:

 * Sawfish [http://sawmill.sourceforge.net/]

 * Windowmaker [http://www.windowmaker.org/]

 * Metacity [http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/metacity] (for DebianGnome ).

 * Blackbox [http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]

 * Fluxbox [http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]

 * Openbox [http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]

 * Enlightenment [http://www.enlightenment.org/]

 * XFCE [http://www.xfce.org/]

 * Kwm (The window manager used for the KDE desktop)

 * Twm (an old window manager dating back to the beginnings of X windows)

 * Fvwm [http://www.fvwm.org/] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)

see DebPkg:x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use{{{
  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager
}}}

( See {{{update-alternatives}}} manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ["Desktop environment"]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a __single__ part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)


== See also ==

 * http://xwinman.org/ for a more comprehensive list of window managers for X.
 * DesktopEnvironment for ["X Window System"]
 * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/window_manager
 * ["Display manager"]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).

["GUI"] > ["X Window System"]


In the ["X Window System"], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an ["xterminal"], a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

Common Linux window managers are:

see x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ["Desktop environment"]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also