Differences between revisions 10 and 13 (spanning 3 versions)
Revision 10 as of 2005-11-28 22:31:21
Size: 2661
Editor: PeMac
Comment:
Revision 13 as of 2007-08-08 19:21:23
Size: 2634
Editor: FranklinPiat
Comment: cleanup link.
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
["GUI"] > ["XWindowSystem"] ["GUI"] > ["X Window System"]
Line 3: Line 3:
In the ["XWindowSystem"], the ["XServer"] itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a ''window manager''. In the ["X Window System"], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a ''window manager''.
Line 11: Line 11:
 * Sawfish [http://sawmill.sourceforge.net]  * Sawfish [http://sawmill.sourceforge.net/]
Line 13: Line 13:
 * Windowmaker [http://www.windowmaker.org]  * Windowmaker [http://www.windowmaker.org/]
Line 17: Line 17:
 * Blackbox [http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net]  * Blackbox [http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]
Line 19: Line 19:
 * Enlightenment [http://www.enlightenment.org]  * Fluxbox [http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]
Line 21: Line 21:
 * XFCE [http://www.xfce.org]  * Openbox [http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]

 * Enlightenment [http://www.enlightenment.org/]

 * XFCE [http://www.xfce.org/]
Line 27: Line 31:
 * Fvwm [http://www.fvwm.org] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)  * Fvwm [http://www.fvwm.org/] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)
Line 29: Line 33:
To change the default window manager use{{{ see DebPkg:x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use{{{
Line 33: Line 39:
( See ["update-alternatives"]). ( See {{{update-alternatives}}} manpage).
Line 35: Line 41:
Window Managers must not be confused with DesktopEnvironments such as GNOME, KDE, ["XFce"]. These three environments use a window manager as a __single__ part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from. Window Managers must not be confused with ["Desktop environment"]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a __single__ part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.
Line 37: Line 43:
Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionallity" and lives on a smaller foot-print) Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)
Line 39: Line 45:
== Blackbox ==
DebianFluxbox is a good variant on Blackbox-- almost as small, but much more intuitive(and theme-compatible). It can be installed for a bootable USB key with Linux (see DamnSmallLinux).
Line 42: Line 46:
Openbox 2.x [http://icculus.org/openbox] is yet another variety on Blackbox. Openbox 3.x is written from scratch though visual appearance was influenced by Blackbox.
See DebianPackage:openbox
Line 47: Line 49:
 * DesktopEnvironment for X
 * ["xdm"]
 * DesktopEnvironment for ["X Window System"]
 * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/window_manager
 * ["Display manager"]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).

["GUI"] > ["X Window System"]


In the ["X Window System"], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an ["xterminal"], a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

Common Linux window managers are:

see x-window-manager packages descriptions

If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ["Desktop environment"]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also