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## Auto-converted by kwiki2moinmoin v2005-10-07
See WindowManagers
#language en
~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[fr/WindowManager|Français]] - [[it/WindowManager|Italiano]]-~
----

In the [[XWindowSystem|X Window System]], the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a ''window manager''.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an xterminal, a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

The most commonly used Linux window managers are:
 * Blackbox [[http://blackboxwm.sourceforge.net/]]
 * Enlightenment [[http://www.enlightenment.org/]]
 * FluxBox [[http://fluxbox.sourceforge.net/]]
  * [[FluxBox]]
 * Fvwm [[http://www.fvwm.org/]] (an old but useful window manager - still in constant development!)
 * IceWM [[http://www.icewm.org/]]
  * IceWM is a small, fast, lightweight WindowManager designed to resemble Microsoft Windows.
  * It provides basic, standards compliant window management and a TaskBar.
  * It is very configurable, with many options. So many, in fact, that dispite several attempts, there is no good, intuitive configuration program for it.
  * IceWM is also extremely themable, supporting rounded corners, pixmaps, and many amazingly ugly themes.
  * http://www.icewm.org/
 * KWin / Kwm (The window manager used for the KDE desktop)
 * Metacity [[http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/metacity]] (for DebianGnome ).
 * Openbox [[http://www.icculus.org/openbox/]]
  * [[Openbox]]
 * Twm (an old window manager dating back to the beginnings of X Window)
 * Windowmaker [[http://www.windowmaker.org/]]
 * XFCE [[http://www.xfce.org/]]


Other WMs include:
 * 9wm
 * aewm
 * !AfterStep
 * amiwm
 * AmiWM (Amiga Lookalike)
 * JWM [[http://joewing.net/programs/jwm/]]
 * lwm
 * MIWM
 * OpenLook
 * Oroborus
 * PekWM
 * ratpoison
 * Scrotwm
 * StumpWM
 * [[TinyWM]]
 * uwm
 * VTWM
 * w9wm
 * !WindowLab
 * wm2

== Tiling Window manager ==
[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiling_window_manager|Tiling window managers]] arrange application windows into various grid layouts, often in a manner which displays all of the windows seamlessly without overlapping. Debian provides several popular tiling window managers, including:

 * [[http://awesome.naquadah.org|awesome]]
 * [[http://dwm.suckless.org|dwm]] (see also [[fr/Dwm|fr/dwm wiki]] (French))
 * [[http://i3wm.org|i3]]
 * [[http://jriddell.org/larswm/larswm-doc-7.0/|larswm]]
 * [[http://www.nongnu.org/ratpoison/|ratpoison]]
 * [[http://sawfish.wikia.com|sawfish]]
 * [[http://scrotwm.org|scrotwm]]
 * [[http://www.nongnu.org/stumpwm/|stumpwm]]
 * [[http://wmii.suckless.org|wmii]] (see also [[Wmii|wmii wiki]])
 * [[http://xmonad.org|xmonad]]

----
See DebPkg:x-window-manager packages descriptions
If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use{{{
  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager
}}}

( See {{{update-alternatives}}} manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with [[Desktop_environment]]s such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a __single__ part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)


== See also ==
 * [[display_manager|Display manager]]s: (gdm, kdm, xdm ..).
 * [[WikiPedia:GUI|GUI]]
-------
 * http://xwinman.org/ for a more comprehensive list of window managers for X.
 * http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/window_manager
 * [[http://markhobley.yi.org:8000/xwincompare|Comparison of X Window Managers at the Mark Hobley's Open Source Laboratory]]
----
CategoryDesktopEnvironment | [[CategoryXWindowSystem]]

Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano


In the X Window System, the X Server itself does not give the user the capability of managing windows that have been opened. Instead, this job is delegated to a program called a window manager.

The window manager gives windows a border and allows you to move them around and maximize/minimize them. The user interface for these functions is left up to its author.

This proves to be quite confusing for the new user of a X windowing environment because most other environments simply use one window manager and give the user no choice. In this sense, X is much more versatile and allows more tailoring of the environment to whatever the user wants. It allows the creation of an xterminal, a diskless workstation which runs only an X server (out of ROM) and leaves all user interface implementation to a central compute server.

The most commonly used Linux window managers are:

Other WMs include:

Tiling Window manager

Tiling window managers arrange application windows into various grid layouts, often in a manner which displays all of the windows seamlessly without overlapping. Debian provides several popular tiling window managers, including:


See x-window-manager packages descriptions If you use startx rather than a login manager, you'll probably want to choose a default Window Manager. To change the default window manager use

  update-alternatives --config x-window-manager

( See update-alternatives manpage).

Window Managers must not be confused with ?Desktop_environments such as GNOME, KDE, XFce. These three environments use a window manager as a single part of a much larger system. And to make things much more complicated, GNOME doesn't force you to use any one window manager. They have a list of "supported" window managers that you can choose from.

Afterstep should be mentioned - (and fvwm is actually fvwm2 whereas fvwm1 already had/has lots of "functionality" and lives on a smaller foot-print)

See also



CategoryDesktopEnvironment | CategoryXWindowSystem