Introduction

Tor Browser protects your privacy while you are surfing the Internet: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location, and it lets you access sites which are blocked.

Tor Browser is based on Firefox and will be familiar to many users.

To keep your protection strong you need to update the Tor Browser regularly. In Debian the easier way to do that is to install Tor Browser using torbrowser-launcher, which automatically installs Tor Browser, run it, and update it to keep its protection strong and protect your privacy.

The advantage of using torbrowser-launcher over the manual installation of the TorBrowser package (called Tor Browser Bundle) is threefold:

Install

Debian 9 "Stretch"

<!> As of May 3rd, 2017 Debian 9 "Stretch" is still in testing mode. So not yet stable. If you need a stable Debian, it is suggested to use the presently stable Debian 8 "Jessie" instead.

To install Tor Browser please choose one of the following two options:

If unsure, it is suggested to use the first option with Backport. Because it is more secure.

With Backport

Steps to install Tor Browser on Debian 9 "Stretch" with Backport

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Frequently Ask Questions (F.A.Q.) for Debian 9 "Stretch" with Backport

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Without Backport

Steps to install Tor Browser on Debian 9 "Stretch" without Backport

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Debian 8 "Jessie"

To install Tor Browser please choose one of the following two options:

If unsure, it is suggested to use the first option with Backport. Because it is more secure.

With Backport

Steps to install Tor Browser on Debian 8 "Jessie" with Backport

  1. If not already done add the Backport repository to your sources.list.

  2. Using Terminal as Root execute the following command
    apt-get install torbrowser-launcher -t jessie-backports
  3. To open Tor Browser choose one of the following two options
    • Option 1: Using GNOME, open the Activities Search. Simply type in Tor Browser

    • Option 2: Using Terminal as user run the following command

    torbrowser-launcher
  4. The first time you open Tor Browser the new version will automatically be downloaded and installed. On every subsequent open a check for updates will be done, and Tor Browser will automatically be updated to the latest available version from the Backport repository.

Frequently Ask Questions (F.A.Q.) for Debian 8 "Jessie" with Backport

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Without Backport

Steps to install Tor Browser on Debian 8 "Jessie" without Backport

  1. Using Terminal as Root execute the following command
    apt-get install torbrowser-launcher
  2. To open Tor Browser choose one of the following two options
    • Option 1: Using GNOME, open the Activities Search. Simply type in Tor Browser

    • Option 2: Using Terminal as user run the following command

    torbrowser-launcher
  3. The first time you open Tor Browser the new version will automatically be downloaded and installed. On every subsequent open a check for updates will be done, and Tor Browser will automatically be updated to the latest available version from the Stable repository.

Frequently Ask Questions (F.A.Q.) for Debian 8 "Jessie" without Backport

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Debian 7 "Wheezy"

<!> Debian 7 "Wheezy" is supported and secured until May 31st, 2018. With Long Term Support (LTS). To keep your computer secure it is suggested to upgrade to Debian 8 "Jessie" at your earliest convenience.

To install Tor Browser please choose one of the following two options:

If unsure, it is suggested to use the first option with Backport. Because it is more secure.

With Backport

Steps to install Tor Browser on Debian 7 "Wheezy" with Backport

<!> Debian 7 "Wheezy" is supported and secured until May 31st, 2018. With Long Term Support (LTS). To keep your computer secure it is suggested to upgrade to Debian 8 "Jessie" at your earliest convenience.

  1. If not already done add the Backport repository to your sources.list.

  2. Using Terminal as Root execute the following command
    apt-get install torbrowser-launcher -t wheezy-backports
  3. To open Tor Browser choose one of the following two options
    • Option 1: Using GNOME, open the Activities Search. Simply type in Tor Browser

    • Option 2: Using Terminal as user run the following command

    torbrowser-launcher
  4. The first time you run Tor Browser the new version will automatically be downloaded and installed. On every subsequent run a check for updates will be done, and Tor Browser will automatically be updated to the latest available version from the Backport repository.

Frequently Ask Questions (F.A.Q.) for Debian 7 "Wheezy" with Backport

Any volunteer to edit this section?

Without Backport

<!> Debian 7 "Wheezy" is supported and secured until May 31st, 2018. With Long Term Support (LTS). To keep your computer secure it is suggested to upgrade to Debian 8 "Jessie" at your earliest convenience.

Steps to install Tor Browser on Debian 7 "Wheezy" without Backport

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Update

To update choose one of the following two options. If unsure, the "automatic update" option is easier and recommended.

Automatic update

Tor Browser will automatically prompt you to update the software once a new version has been released. The Torbutton icon will display a small yellow triangle. When you are prompted to update Tor Browser:

  1. Click on the Torbutton icon
  2. Select “Check for Tor Browser Update” option. If needed see those screenshots to clarify the location.

  3. When Tor Browser has finished checking for updates, click on the “Update” button.
  4. Wait for the update to download and install, then restart Tor Browser. You will now be running the latest version.

Alternatively, if you installed Tor Browser using the torbrowser-launcher package. Simply close all Tor Browser windows. Then re-open Tor Browser. It will automatically check if a new version is available. Follow the instructions on your screen.

Manual update

Before manually updating Tor Browser it is suggested to periodically backup any valuable data. Such as your bookmarks. Which you could import after the manual update.

Manually update Tor Browser

  1. When you are prompted to update Tor Browser, finish the browsing session and close the program.
  2. Remove Tor Browser from your system by deleting the folder that contains it. If needed see that Uninstalling section for more information.

  3. Visit https://www.torproject.org/projects/torbrowser.html.en and download a copy of the latest Tor Browser release, then install it as before.

Advanced Tor Usage

Torrc File Location

Jessie-Backports 64 Bit

If you installed "torbrowser-launcher" using "jessie-backports" on 64 bit. The "torrc" advanced configuration file is located at:

Related documentation

See also

References