In computing, the tar file format is a type of archive file format: the *T*ape *AR*chive format. These files are produced by the ?Unix command tar and were standardized by POSIX.1-1998 and later POSIX.1-2001.

It is used widely to archive and unarchive files, which means to accumulate a large collection of files into a single archive file (packer), while preserving FileSystem information such as user and group permissions, dates, and ?directory structures.

Commonly a tar file is referred to as a tarball . Tarballs are source code, not binary image DebianPackage s. DebianPackage s can be downloaded and installed using ?AptGet .

In the Unix philosophy of "one job, one program", it does not support compression directly. If you then want to compress your archive, you use a separate program that is specialised in compression. tar is most commonly used in tandem with an external compression utility such as ?gzip or ?bzip2, since it has no built in data compression facilities. These compression utilities generally only compress a single file, hence the pairing with tar, which can produce a single file from many files.

Filename extension


Installation of tar.gz Files

After unpacking and uncompressing as root with

(this command above is the equivalent of unzip in windows)

the installation procedure is the standard GNU one:

$ ./configure

$ ?make

$ make install

You usually can do configure and make as a regular user and make install as root

See also:

{i} CategoryRedundant: targz