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In computing, the '''tar file format''' is a type of archive file format: the *T*ape *AR*chive format. These files are produced by the Unix command tar and were standardized by POSIX.1-1998 and later POSIX.1-2001.
A [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tarball|Tarball]] is a commonly used name to refer to an archive file in the {{tar}} (''Tape Archive'') format.

These files are produced by the Unix command [[[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tar_(computing)|tar]]|{{{tar}}}]].
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'''Commonly a tar file is referred to as a tarball'''. Tarballs are [[source]] code, not binary image [[DebianPackage|DebianPackages]]. Debian packages can be downloaded and installed using [[apt-get]]. Tarballs are commonly used to pack [[source]] code.
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In the Unix philosophy of "one job, one program", it does not support compression directly. If you then want to compress your archive, you use a separate program that is specialised in compression. tar is most commonly used in tandem with an external compression utility such as [[gzip]] or [[bzip2]], since it has no built in data compression facilities. These compression utilities generally only compress a single file, hence the pairing with tar, which can produce a single file from many files. {{{tar}}} itself does not support compression directly. It is most commonly used in tandem with an external compression utility such as [[gzip]] or [[bzip2]]. These compression utilities generally only compress a single file, hence the pairing with tar, which can produce a single file from many files.
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=== Filename extension ===
 * .tar , for tar file.
The [[MIME]] type of tar archives is{{{application/x-tar}}}

=== File extensions ===

 * .tar
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=== MIME-Type ===
 * application/x-tar

See also:
 * [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/tarball|Wikipedia article about tarball]].
 * FileRoller in DebianGnome, that can uncompress and unpack files.

Translation(s): Italiano


A Tarball is a commonly used name to refer to an archive file in the tar (Tape Archive) format.

These files are produced by the Unix command ?tar|tar]].

It is used widely to archive and unarchive files, which means to accumulate a large collection of files into a single archive file (packer), while preserving FileSystem information such as user and group permissions, dates, and ?directory structures.

Tarballs are commonly used to pack source code.

tar itself does not support compression directly. It is most commonly used in tandem with an external compression utility such as ?gzip or ?bzip2. These compression utilities generally only compress a single file, hence the pairing with tar, which can produce a single file from many files.

The MIME type of tar archives isapplication/x-tar

File extensions

  • .tar
  • .tar.gz or .tgz (only when compressed by gzip)
  • .tar.bz2 or .tbz (only when compressed by bzip2)


CategoryCompression CategoryFileFormat