Differences between revisions 74 and 173 (spanning 99 versions)
Revision 74 as of 2007-12-16 15:34:01
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Revision 173 as of 2021-04-26 20:12:24
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Comment: https
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## ##############################################################
##
## More informations on "DebianWiki/EditorGuide" article
##
## ##############################################################
##
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-Translation(s): none-~ ||<style="text-align: right; border: 0px hidden"> (!) [:/Discussion:Discussion]||
[[BR]]
||<tablestyle="width: 100%; text-align: center; border: 0px hidden"> http://www.debian.org/logos/openlogo-nd-50.png http://www.debian.org/Pics/debian.png||
||<style="border: 0px hidden">~+inline:Portal/IDB/logo_portal.png Welcome on ["Debian"] system administration+~||

~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[bn/SystemAdministration|বাংলা]] - English - [[es/SystemAdministration|Español]] - [[fa/SystemAdministration|فارسی (Persian)]] - [[fr/SystemAdministration|Français]] - [[id/SystemAdministration|Indonesia]] - [[it/SystemAdministration|Italiano]] - [[ko/SystemAdministration|한국어]] - [[ms/SystemAdministration|Melayu]] - [[pt_BR/SystemAdministration|Português (Brasil)]] - [[ru/SystemAdministration|Русский(Russian)]] - [[sv/SystemAdministration|Svenska]] - [[uk/SystemAdministration|Українська]]-~
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inline:Portal/IDB/icon-system-32x32.png This portal talk about system administration. Articles use technical language. System administration is the topic of how one maintains and implements systems(like PCs running an operating system like Debian). In the case of Debian, there are numerous intricacies of each subsystem. It is hoped that this page will be a good reference
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||<tablestyle="width:100%;" style="width:32px;border-color:#ff9ec2" >inline:Portal/IDB/official-doc.png||<style="border-color:#ff9ec2;background-color:#ffe4f1">check the semi-official ''Debian reference'' (aka. ''post-installation user's guide'') [[BR]] ~-[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/]-~ ||
----
||<-3 style="background-color:#e8e8e8;width:50%" tablestyle="width:100%;text-align:center;table-layout:fixed;background-color:#f8f8f8"> '''Quick access''' ||
||<(^> inline:Portal/IDB/icon-floppy-32x32.png [:SystemBootProcess:Boot process][[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-configure-32x32.png [:SystemConfiguration:Configuration tools][[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:SystemInstall:Installation] [[BR]] inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:Kernel:Kernel]||<(^> inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:SystemMonitoring:Monitoring][[BR]] inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:PackageManagement:Package management][[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:ProcessManagement:Process management] [[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:SystemRescue:Rescue]||<(^> inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:LocalResourcesManagement:Local resources] [[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:SecurityManagement:Security][[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:SystemVirtualization:Virtualization][[BR]]inline:Portal/IDB/icon-template-32x32.png [:XSystem:X system]||

{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-wiki-portal.png}}

[[FrontPage|Debian Wiki]] System Administration portal - This portal covers all aspects of administering Debian GNU/Linux systems, including installation, package management, configuration, monitoring and security.

{{{#!wiki debian
'''[[https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference|Debian Reference Manual]]'''<<BR>>
'''[[https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-handbook/|Debian Administrator's Handbook]]'''
}}}

||||||<tablestyle="width: 100%; border: 1px solid #d2d3d7; background-color: #f5f6f7; line-height: 2em;">||
||||||<rowstyle="background-color: #dd1155; color:#ffffff; line-height: 3em;">'''Quick access'''||
||||||<rowstyle="background-color: none; line-height: 1em;">{{{ }}}||
||{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-backup-32x32.png}} [[BackupAndRecovery|Backup And Recovery]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-floppy-32x32.png}} [[SystemBootProcess|Boot process]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-configure-32x32.png}} [[SystemConfiguration|Configuring systems]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-drive-cdrom-32x32.png}} [[SystemInstall|Installation]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-kernel-32x32.png}} [[Kernel | Kernel]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-monitor-32x32.png}} [[SystemMonitoring|Monitoring]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-chipset-32x32.png}} [[Hardware|Hardware]]|| {{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-apt-32x32.png}} [[PackageManagement|Package management]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-printer-32x32.png}} [[Printing|Printing]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-backup-32x32.png}} [[SystemRescue|Rescue]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-security-32x32.png}} [[SecurityManagement|Security and Reliability Management]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-community-32x32.png}} [[UsersAndGroups|Users and Groups Management]]<<BR>>{{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-emulator-32x32.png}} [[SystemVirtualization|Virtualization]]<<BR>> {{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-display-32x32.png}} [[XWindowSystem|X system]]<<BR>> {{attachment:Portal/IDB/icon-hdd-32x32.png}} [[Storage|Storage and file systems]]||
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[[TableOfContents(3)]] ----
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= Installation =
 * ["DebianInstall"] - Quick install for newbies
 * ["DebianInstaller"]
 * ["MiscInstallTips"]
 * ["FullyAutomaticInstallation"], ["AutomatedInstallation"], ["FAI"], ["DebianEdu/HowTo/FaiInstallDebianEdu"]
 * ["Debootstrap"], ["cdebootstrap"]
 * ["DebianLive/Howto/Creating a Netboot Image"]
 * ["DebianLive/Howto/Install (bootstrap)"]
 * ["DebianLive/Howto/Netboot Testing HowTo"]
 * ["DebianLive/Howto/Netbooting Servers"]
 * ["DebianEdu/HowTo/NetbootInstall"]
 * ["DebianEdu/HowTo/NetbootInstall/WhyAnotherInstaller"]
 * ["DebianEdu/HowTo/NetbootInstall/WhyAnotherMirror"]
 * ["DebianEdu/HowTo/PxeBootVmware"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/BootpTFTP"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/Netboot"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/NetbootPXE"]
 * ["PXEBootInstall"]
 * ["USB-HD Boot Full Debian"], ["InstallToUsbMemoryStick"]
 * ["USBKeyBootable"]
 * ["BlackBoxInstall"]
 * ["CheckInstall"]
 * ["CloneDebianInstallation"]
 * ["chroot"]
 * ["DiskLess"]
 * ["InstallFromAnotherSystem"]
 * ["ZeroDiskInstall"]

= Kernel =
##Linux is _the_ main and default kernel in Debian. Let's list it first.
== Linux ==
 * ["DebianKernel"]*
 * ["LinuxKernel"]
 * ["KernelGit"]
 * ["initramfs"], ["initramfs-tools"], ["initramfs/More"]
 * ["Initrd"],["InitrdReplacementOptions"]
 * ["module-init-tools"]
 * ["SELinux"]
 * ["DebianM68kKernel"]
 * ["HowToRebuildAnOfficialDebianKernelPackage"]
 * ["HowToUpgradeKernel"], ["KernelUpgradeTo2dot6"]
 * ["InstallKernel"]
 * ["KernelFirmwareLicensing"]
 * ["KernelPackage"], ["kernel-package"]
 * ["KernelPage"], ["KernelFAQ"]
 * ["Ketchup"]

== Hurd ==
 * ["TheHurd"]
== kFreeBSD ==
 * ["Debian GNU/kFreeBSD"]
 * ["Debian GNU/kFreeBSD/Debian-Installer"]

= Monitoring =
 * ["Syslog Server"]
## /proc
## Recording activities

= Package management =
 * ["Package"]
 * ["DebianPackage"], ["DebianPackageManagement"], ["DebianPackageConfiguration"], ["DebianPackageDocumentation"]
 * ["DebianRepositoryHowto"]
 * ["DebianReference/Package"] Debian Reference - The Debian package management
 * ["DebFrPackageSearching"]
 * ["DebFrPackageTools"]
 * ["DebFrPackages"], ["DebFrPackagesBases"], ["DebFrPackagesTwo"]
 * ["DebianPackage"]
 * ["DebianPackageDocumentation"]
 * ["PackageInstallTips"]
 * ["SourcePackage"]
 * ["DebianPackageConfiguration"]
 * ["SourcesList"]
 * ["sources.list example"]
 * ["DpkgConffileHandling"]
 * ["dselect"]
 * ["SourcesList"]
 * ["Package-ManagementNEW"]
 * ["InstallPackageHelp"]
 * ["PackageDatabase"]

= Process management =
 * ["SystemProcesses"]
 * ["CronAtBatchSchedulers"], ["CronAnacronAtBatchSchedulers"]
 * ["ChildProcess"]
 * ["ItsSixAmAndIveBeenCracked"]
 * ["process"]
 * ["ps"]

## Création et destruction
## Scrutage
## Changement de priorité
## Signaux IPC
## Processus planifié et utlisation de crontab
## Soumettre un job avec at
## Process resistant au deconnexion avec nohup

= Rescue =
## Corruption de partitions
## Impossible de booter !
## Formatage accidentel d'une partition
## Problèmes avec le disque dur : super-bloc
## Problèmes avec le disque dur : blocs défectueux
## Récupération d'un disque
## fatal signal 11
## Disquette de secours
 * ["BootLinuxAfterWindowsInstallation"]
 * ["LongPauseDuringBoot"]
 * ["InitramfsDebug"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/Rescue"], ["DebianInstaller/Rescue/Crypto"]
Other pages (not available in english yet)
 * DebFrRescue ''(in french)''
## <<TableOfContents(3)>>
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= Local resources =
== Devices ==
## Gestion des fichiers spéciaux
== Wiki pages ==
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== File system ==
 * [:FileSystemDisks:Guide for files system and disk storage]
 * ["FileSystemsAndDisks"]
 * ["DisksHorsesBirdsAndBees"]
 * ["DiskPartitioning"]
 * ["FileSystem"]
 * ["FilesystemHierarchyStandard"]
 * ["block device"]
 * ["rootfs"]
 * ["SymLink"]
{{{#!wiki important
Portal refactoring/merging in progress below this point
}}}
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## Gestion des espaces diques
## Quota
'''List of pages related to System Administration in Debian:'''
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== Memory ==
 * ["Memory"]
 * ["RamDisk"]
 * ["NotEnoughRAM"]
 * ["DebianLive/Howto/Local Swap File"]
 * ["Swap"]

= Security =
 * ["BackupAndRecovery"] - Save and restore
 * ["Security"] - Increase security of your system
 * ["WhatIsSecurity"]
 * ["SecurityChecklist"]
 * ["RedundancyAndLoadBalancing"]
 * ["DebFrBackup"]
 * ["BackupAndRecovery"]
 * ["BackupAndRecoveryWork"]
 * ["BackupAndRecoveryDemo"]
 * ["Duplicity"]
 * ["tar"], ["TarOverview"], ["TarLS120Backup"], ["TarExcludeDir"], ["TarLS120Restore"]
 * ["LinuxRaidForAdmins"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/RAIDvsCrypto"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/SataRaid"]
 * ["SataRaid"]
 * ["DebianInstaller/SoftwareRaidRoot"]
 * ["SoftwareRAID"]

## Restrict access to external services (/etc/hosts.allow and /etc/hosts.deny)
## KDat
## High Availability with RAID

== User management ==
 * ["UserAccounts"]
 * ["LDAPAuthentication"]

= Server Migration and Scalability Issues =
## http://tldp.org/LDP/lame/LAME/linux-admin-made-easy/server-migration.html

= Virtualization =
 * [:QEMU:Qemu]
 * ["Xen"]
 * ["VMware"]
 * ["DebianLive/Virtualization"]
<<FullSearch(language:en category:CategorySystemAdministration)>>
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= X system =
 * ["ConfigureX"] - How to configure X Windows system
 * ["NvidiaHowTo"] - How to configure nVidia drivers (and 3D support !)
 * ["AtiHowTo"] - How to configure ATI driver (and 3D support !)
 * ["X Window System"]
 * ["XFreeConfig"]
 * ["WindowManager"]
 * ["DesktopEnvironment"]
 * ["xinitrc"]
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Translation(s): বাংলা - English - Español - فارسی (Persian) - Français - Indonesia - Italiano - 한국어 - Melayu - Português (Brasil) - Русский(Russian) - Svenska - Українська


Portal/IDB/icon-wiki-portal.png

Debian Wiki System Administration portal - This portal covers all aspects of administering Debian GNU/Linux systems, including installation, package management, configuration, monitoring and security.

Quick access

 

Portal/IDB/icon-backup-32x32.png Backup And Recovery
Portal/IDB/icon-floppy-32x32.png Boot process
Portal/IDB/icon-configure-32x32.png Configuring systems
Portal/IDB/icon-drive-cdrom-32x32.png Installation
Portal/IDB/icon-kernel-32x32.png Kernel
Portal/IDB/icon-monitor-32x32.png Monitoring
Portal/IDB/icon-chipset-32x32.png Hardware

Portal/IDB/icon-apt-32x32.png Package management
Portal/IDB/icon-printer-32x32.png Printing
Portal/IDB/icon-backup-32x32.png Rescue
Portal/IDB/icon-security-32x32.png Security and Reliability Management
Portal/IDB/icon-community-32x32.png Users and Groups Management
Portal/IDB/icon-emulator-32x32.png Virtualization
Portal/IDB/icon-display-32x32.png X system
Portal/IDB/icon-hdd-32x32.png Storage and file systems


Wiki pages

Portal refactoring/merging in progress below this point

List of pages related to System Administration in Debian:

  1. AdministrationTools
  2. AptCacherNg
  3. AptConfiguration
  4. AutomatedUpgrade
  5. Backup
  6. BackupAndRecovery
  7. BackupAndRecoveryWork
  8. Bash
  9. BootProcess
  10. BootProcessSpeedup
  11. ChildProcess
  12. Cloud/AmazonEC2DebianInstaller
  13. Cloud/AmazonEC2Image
  14. Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage
  15. Cloud/SystemsComparison
  16. Cloud/TorqueCluster
  17. Cloud/WindowsAzureImage
  18. CommandLine
  19. CommandsCLI
  20. ConfigPackages
  21. Console
  22. Cron
  23. Cryptography
  24. DDNS
  25. DHCP_Server
  26. DatabaseServers
  27. DebianAlternatives
  28. DebianEdu/Documentation/ITIL
  29. DebianEdu/Documentation/ITIL/AllInOne
  30. DebianEdu/Documentation/ITIL/InfrastructureSetup
  31. DebianEdu/Infrastructure
  32. DebianFirewall
  33. DebianHosting
  34. DebianInstaller/SataRaid
  35. DebianInstaller/SoftwareRaidRoot
  36. DebianKVMGuests
  37. DebianKernel
  38. Debian_Systems_Administration_for_non-Debian_SysAdmins
  39. DefaultPrograms
  40. DiskFreeSpace
  41. Doas
  42. Docker
  43. DontBreakDebian
  44. Dovecot
  45. DrBd
  46. DualBoot
  47. Duplicity
  48. EVMS
  49. EnvironmentVariables
  50. Exim
  51. Ext4
  52. F2FS
  53. FAI
  54. FTP
  55. FileSystem
  56. FilesystemHierarchyStandard
  57. FingerprintAuthentication
  58. Firewalls
  59. Hibernation
  60. HostingControlPanels
  61. KVM
  62. Kernel
  63. LDAP
  64. LDAP/AutoFSSetup
  65. LDAP/ExampleEntries
  66. LDAP/Kerberos
  67. LDAP/LDAPUtils
  68. LDAP/MigrationTools
  69. LDAP/OpenLDAPSetup
  70. LDAP/PAM
  71. LDAP/PowerDNSSetup
  72. LDAP/phpldapadmin
  73. LVM
  74. LXC
  75. LaMp
  76. Linux volume management
  77. LinuxRaidForAdmins
  78. Locale
  79. MDA
  80. MaildirConfiguration
  81. Memory
  82. Multiarch/HOWTO
  83. NFSServerSetup
  84. NTP
  85. NetworkConfiguration
  86. NetworkInterfaceNames
  87. NetworkMonitoring
  88. NotEnoughRAM
  89. OpenNebula
  90. OpenStack
  91. OpenVz
  92. PackageKit/ItemNotFound
  93. PackageManagement
  94. Part-UUID
  95. Parted
  96. Partition
  97. Permissions
  98. Piwik
  99. Podman
  100. PolicyKit
  101. ProxyAutodetectConf
  102. PuppetDashboard
  103. QEMU
  104. RamDisk
  105. Redmine
  106. RemoteDesktop
  107. Root
  108. Samba
  109. Samba/BuildingALinuxDomain
  110. Samba/ClientSetup
  111. Samba/DcWithLdapBackend
  112. Samba/Dirvish
  113. Samba/FreeRadiusToLdap
  114. Samba/LinuxDomainClients
  115. Samba/ServerSimple
  116. Samba/WindowsPginaClient
  117. SecurityManagement
  118. ServicesHosting
  119. Shell
  120. ShellCommands
  121. ShellConfiguration
  122. ShellToolTricks
  123. ShellTricks
  124. SoftwareRAID
  125. Storage
  126. Swap
  127. SymLink
  128. SystemAdministration
  129. SystemBootProcess
  130. SystemConfiguration
  131. SystemDowngrade
  132. SystemGroups
  133. SystemInstall
  134. SystemMonitoring
  135. SystemPrinting
  136. SystemVirtualization
  137. Teams/DSA
  138. TheUnixWay
  139. ThomasChung/CloudImage
  140. ThomasChung/Linode
  141. ThomasChung/WebConsole
  142. ThomasChung/virsh-snapshot
  143. TimeZoneChanges
  144. TrafficControl
  145. TroubleShooting
  146. UnattendedUpgrades
  147. UserAccounts
  148. UserPrivateGroups
  149. UsersAndGroups
  150. UsingPhusionPassengerWithPuppetmaster
  151. WHEEL/PAM
  152. WakeOnLan
  153. WebServers
  154. WhereIsIt
  155. WindowsServerHyperV
  156. Wvdial
  157. Xorg
  158. Zg2ShellStartup
  159. bn/LaMp
  160. bn/SystemAdministration
  161. coreutils
  162. deb
  163. debconf
  164. device_node
  165. euca2ools
  166. fstab
  167. git
  168. iptables
  169. libvirt
  170. libvirt/xen
  171. ms/SystemAdministration
  172. msmtp
  173. nftables
  174. nginx/FastCGI
  175. nspawn
  176. nullmailer
  177. nut
  178. pamusb
  179. partclone
  180. rootfs
  181. sudo
  182. systemd/Services
  183. udev
  184. zh_CN/LAMP
  185. zh_CN/PackageManagement


CategoryPortal | CategorySystemAdministration