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General guidelines on getting sound to work

Error Messages

error opening mixer

This error may occur is the sound system is not fully configured.

/dev/dsp: Permission denied

This error will occur, if the user does not have permission to use the audio device:

Error: /dev/dsp: Permission denied

The user is required to be a member of the audio group to use the audio device.

Error: /dev/dsp: No such file or directory

The /dev/dsp device is used by audio programs that use the open sound system. If the system is using udev, it may be necessary to install the oss-compat package:

apt-get install oss-compat

Error: audio: /dev/dsp: No such file or directory

If the audio mixer application is reporting that no mixer is available, or gives an error:

It is necessary to load the snd-pcm-oss module.

Information for developers

if the file is a WAV file that happens to be in the right internal format, it might play correctly:

  cat example.wav >/dev/dsp

Specific apps

Related Links: SoundConfiguration