Translation(s): English - Français - Italiano - Русский

(!) ?Discussion

The page is about basic command-line operation of a GNU/Linux system.

A command-line Shell accepts various kinds of commands:


The GNU Core Utilities (coreutils) are the basic file, shell and text manipulation utilities of the GNU operating system. These are the core utilities which are expected to exist on every UNIX-like operating system.

To get detailed information on how to use a program, read its ManPage. provides all Debian manpages.

Shell commands can be combined in a ShellScript.

Shell builtins

Here are some builtins provided by Bash, the default shell in Debian. See the bash manpage:


See Compression

Other commands

To know what package provides a specific program, use Search the contents of packages on

CategoryCommandLineInterface | CategorySystemAdministration