Differences between revisions 1 and 61 (spanning 60 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2020-05-31 00:35:39
Size: 33
Editor: coringao
Comment:
Revision 61 as of 2020-06-02 15:20:47
Size: 5420
Editor: coringao
Comment:
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 1: Line 1:
= Packages stuck with Schroot = ToDo: merge this with [[Schroot]]

||<tablestyle="float:right;font-size:0.5em;margin:0 0 5em 5em;"style="padding:0.5em;"> {{attachment:debian-cage.png}} ||

<<TableOfContents(3)>>

= PACKAGES STUCK WITH SCHROOT =

Allows you to configure '''chroots''' without requiring root credentials.

For a better knowledge on the subject:

[[https://wiki.debian.org/Schroot | wiki.debian.org/Schroot]]

[[https://wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap | wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap]]

== Starting prison for packages ==

{{attachment:jail.png}}

To start the installations, we will download the following packages:

{{{
# apt install debootstrap schroot
}}}

Once installed, we will edit the '''/etc/schroot/schroot.conf''' file.

{{{
# cp /etc/schroot/schroot.conf /etc/schroot/schroot.conf.old
}}}

{{{
# editor /etc/schroot/schroot.conf
}}}

{*} '''editor''' = ''your favorite text editor: nano, vim, mcedit, etc...''

In this model, we will do this in the '''amd64''' architecture, but you can change or create it in the '''i386''' architecture.

Copy and paste into the file.

{{{
[unstable-amd64]
description=debian unstable amd64
type=directory
directory=/srv/chroot/unstable-amd64
users=your-username
root-groups=root
preserve-environment=true
}}}

=== Installing the Debian base in the cage ===

{{attachment:schroot.png}}

{{{
# mkdir -p /srv/chroot/unstable-amd64
}}}

{{{
# debootstrap --arch amd64 unstable /srv/chroot/unstable-amd64 https://deb.debian.org/debian
}}}

=== Entering the cage ===

{{{
# chroot /srv/chroot/unstable
}}}

{{{
# echo proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 >> /etc/fstab
}}}

{{{
# echo mount /proc >> /etc/bash.bashrc
}}}

After these settings, type "'''exit'''" or press "'''Ctrl+D'''" to close everything.

== Confirming that the configured prison is correct ==

{{{
user@debian: ~$ schroot -l
chroot:unstable-amd64
}}}

=== Entering prison as a user: ===

{{{
user@debian:~$ schroot -c unstable-amd64
}}}

=== Entering private prison: (root) ===

{{{
user@debian:~$ schroot -c unstable-amd64 -u root
}}}

== Basic Debian packaging configurations ==

||<#EAE5DA -4 style="border: medium none ;-moz-border-radius-bottomleft: 30px ;"> ''Thanks to [[https://wiki.debian.org/Eriberto | Eriberto]] and I recommend everyone to access this link https://debianet.com.br (Portuguese - Brazil) for more details on how to package your software in Debian.''||

We will do root access in the '''schroot''' configured to install some important packages for Debian packaging.

{{{
user@debian:~$ schroot -c unstable-amd64 -u root
}}}

{*} '''editor''' = ''your favorite text editor: nano, vim, mcedit, etc...''

=== Adjusting the "/etc/bash.bashrc" file ===

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/bash.bashrc
}}}

Insert at the end of the file /etc/bash.bashrc

||<#EAE5DA -4 style="border: medium none ;-moz-border-radius-bottomleft: 30px ;"> alias ls="ls --color=auto"<<BR>> alias tree="tree -aC"<<BR>> alias debuildsa="dpkg-buildpackage -sa -k'''0987654321ABC1234567890DFG0987654321HIJL'''" # --> your GPG key.<<BR>> alias uscan="uscan --verbose --report"<<BR>> alias apt-cache="LANG=C apt-cache"<<BR>> alias man="LANG=C man"<<BR>> export DEBFULLNAME="'''put-your-full-name'''"<<BR>> export DEBEMAIL="'''put-your-email'''"<<BR>> export EDITOR="'''put-your-favorite-text-editor'''"<<BR>> export QUILT_PATCHES="debian/patches"<<BR>> export QUILT_DIFF_ARGS="--no-timestamps --no-index -pab"<<BR>> export QUILT_REFRESH_ARGS="--no-timestamps --no-index -pab"<<BR>> mount /proc<<BR>>||

Save and close.

=== Adjusting the "/etc/apt/sources.list" file ===

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/apt/sources.list
}}}

Edit the file, duplicate the existing line and change the beginning of the second line from "'''deb'''" to "'''deb-src'''". The end result will be:

{{{
deb https://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main
deb-src https://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main
}}}

Save, close and update:

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# apt update && apt upgrade
}}}

We can now install additional procedures for Debian packaging.

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# apt install autopkgtest blhc devscripts dh-make dput-ng how-can-i-help locales quilt renameutils spell splitpatch tree
}}}

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# dpkg-reconfigure locales tzdata
}}}

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# apt autoremove && apt autoclean
}}}

=== Adjusting the "/etc/lintianrc" file ===

{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/lintianrc
}}}

Enable the following lines:

{{{
display-info = yes
pedantic = yes
display-experimental = yes
color = auto
}}}

=== Enabling the GPG key to sign packages ===

Edit the '''/etc/devscripts.conf''' file and enter your GPG key on the '''DEBSIGN_KEYID''' line and activate.


{{{
(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/devscripts.conf
}}}

{{{
DEBSIGN_KEYID=0987654321ABC1234567890DFG0987654321HIJL
}}}

Save and close. With that, schroot is ready for Debian packaging and you don't need to be root to get the job done.

----

This wiki is a support and documentation resource for the [[https://www.debian.org | Debian]] project. You are free to make improvements and corrections to this published content.

----

CategorySystemAdministration | CategoryVirtualization

----

ToDo: merge this with Schroot

debian-cage.png

PACKAGES STUCK WITH SCHROOT

Allows you to configure chroots without requiring root credentials.

For a better knowledge on the subject:

wiki.debian.org/Schroot

wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap

Starting prison for packages

jail.png

To start the installations, we will download the following packages:

# apt install debootstrap schroot

Once installed, we will edit the /etc/schroot/schroot.conf file.

# cp /etc/schroot/schroot.conf /etc/schroot/schroot.conf.old

# editor /etc/schroot/schroot.conf

{*} editor = your favorite text editor: nano, vim, mcedit, etc...

In this model, we will do this in the amd64 architecture, but you can change or create it in the i386 architecture.

Copy and paste into the file.

[unstable-amd64]
description=debian unstable amd64
type=directory
directory=/srv/chroot/unstable-amd64
users=your-username
root-groups=root
preserve-environment=true

Installing the Debian base in the cage

schroot.png

# mkdir -p /srv/chroot/unstable-amd64

# debootstrap --arch amd64 unstable /srv/chroot/unstable-amd64 https://deb.debian.org/debian

Entering the cage

# chroot /srv/chroot/unstable

# echo proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 >> /etc/fstab

# echo mount /proc >> /etc/bash.bashrc

After these settings, type "exit" or press "Ctrl+D" to close everything.

Confirming that the configured prison is correct

user@debian: ~$ schroot -l
chroot:unstable-amd64

Entering prison as a user:

user@debian:~$ schroot -c unstable-amd64

Entering private prison: (root)

user@debian:~$ schroot -c unstable-amd64 -u root

Basic Debian packaging configurations

Thanks to Eriberto and I recommend everyone to access this link https://debianet.com.br (Portuguese - Brazil) for more details on how to package your software in Debian.

We will do root access in the schroot configured to install some important packages for Debian packaging.

user@debian:~$ schroot -c unstable-amd64 -u root

{*} editor = your favorite text editor: nano, vim, mcedit, etc...

Adjusting the "/etc/bash.bashrc" file

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/bash.bashrc

Insert at the end of the file /etc/bash.bashrc

alias ls="ls --color=auto"
alias tree="tree -aC"
alias debuildsa="dpkg-buildpackage -sa -k0987654321ABC1234567890DFG0987654321HIJL" # --> your GPG key.
alias uscan="uscan --verbose --report"
alias apt-cache="LANG=C apt-cache"
alias man="LANG=C man"
export DEBFULLNAME="put-your-full-name"
export DEBEMAIL="put-your-email"
export EDITOR="put-your-favorite-text-editor"
export QUILT_PATCHES="debian/patches"
export QUILT_DIFF_ARGS="--no-timestamps --no-index -pab"
export QUILT_REFRESH_ARGS="--no-timestamps --no-index -pab"
mount /proc

Save and close.

Adjusting the "/etc/apt/sources.list" file

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/apt/sources.list

Edit the file, duplicate the existing line and change the beginning of the second line from "deb" to "deb-src". The end result will be:

deb https://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main
deb-src https://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main

Save, close and update:

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# apt update && apt upgrade

We can now install additional procedures for Debian packaging.

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# apt install autopkgtest blhc devscripts dh-make dput-ng how-can-i-help locales quilt renameutils spell splitpatch tree

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# dpkg-reconfigure locales tzdata

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# apt autoremove && apt autoclean

Adjusting the "/etc/lintianrc" file

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/lintianrc

Enable the following lines:

display-info = yes
pedantic = yes
display-experimental = yes
color = auto

Enabling the GPG key to sign packages

Edit the /etc/devscripts.conf file and enter your GPG key on the DEBSIGN_KEYID line and activate.

(unstable-amd64)root@debian:~# editor /etc/devscripts.conf

DEBSIGN_KEYID=0987654321ABC1234567890DFG0987654321HIJL

Save and close. With that, schroot is ready for Debian packaging and you don't need to be root to get the job done.


This wiki is a support and documentation resource for the Debian project. You are free to make improvements and corrections to this published content.


CategorySystemAdministration | CategoryVirtualization