Differences between revisions 48 and 49
Revision 48 as of 2021-01-21 20:35:35
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Editor: nodiscc
Comment: samba -> smbd/nmbd
Revision 49 as of 2021-01-22 00:04:46
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Editor: PaulWise
Comment: be init system agnostic
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 * Restart the ldap server: `systemctl restart slapd`  * Restart the ldap server: `service slapd restart`
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systemctl restart smbd
systemctl restart nmdb
service smbd restart
service nmdb restart
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 * Restart the samba service: `systemctl restart samba`  * Restart the samba service: `service samba restart`

Translation(s): English - ?Português Brasileiro

This page is a walkthrough of how to set up a Samba Windows NT-style Domain Controller with LDAP as an authentication mechanism.

Windows computers will be able to join the domain as they would a regular Windows NT domain. Users will be able to log on to the domain from Windows machines using the pGina client.

Note: the old, NT-style Domain Controller setup is not to be confused with the newer Samba/ActiveDirectoryDomainController setup available in Samba 4.


Install Samba

We will now install Samba that will be used to emulate a Windows NT server

  • Install the samba package

  • Answer no when asked whether you want to modify smb.conf or not

  • ?Load the samba schema into OpenLDAP

gunzip -c /usr/share/doc/samba/examples/LDAP/samba.ldif.gz > samba.ldif
ldapadd -Q -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -f samba.ldif
  • Restart the ldap server: service slapd restart

Create the LDAP directory structure

ToDo: example adding OUs using ldapadd/ldif files

The Samba domain setup requires three OrganizationalUnit objects at the root of your LDAP hierarchy:


Configure Samba to use LDAP

  • Edit the samba server configuration file: nano /etc/samba/smb.conf

  • We will configure Samba to use the ldapsam account database backend. Replace the default passdb backend=tdbsam with

# which backend will be used for storing user/group information
passdb backend = ldapsam:ldap://

# base for all ldap suffixes and for storing the sambaDomain object
ldap suffix = dc=example,dc=org
 where machines should be added to the ldap tree.
ldap machine suffix = ou=machines
# where users should be added to the ldap tree.
ldap user suffix = ou=users
# where groups should be added to the ldap tree.
ldap group suffix = ou=groups

# Distinguished Name (DN) name used by Samba to contact the LDAP server
# when retreiving user account information
ldap admin dn = cn=admin,dc=example,dc=org

# provide the netlogon service for Windows 9X network logons for the
# workgroup it is in.
domain logons = yes

# honor privileges assigned to specific SIDs via net rpc rights
enable privileges = yes
  • Test the configuration, set the samba password and restart the service:

smbpasswd -w password
service smbd restart
service nmdb restart
  • Using slapcat/ldapsearch, verify that a DomainName record was added at the root of the LDAP tree. (ToDo: add example commands)

  • create the following Samba3 Mappings under ou=groups:

Unix/Windows Name: admins
GID: 20000
SID ending number: 512

Unix/Windows Name: users
GID: 20001
SID ending number: 513

Unix/Windows Name: guests
GID: 20002
SID ending number: 514

Configure authentication using LDAP

The server must be set up to allow local account authentication using accounts stored in LDAP.

  • Install the libnss-ldapd and libpam-ldapd packages. During installation, provide the following configuration:

    • ldap:// as LDAP server URI

    • dc=example,dc=org as search base,

    • 3 as Samba version

    • cn=admin,dc=example,dc=org as the LDAP admin account (replace with your own value if different)

  • Restart the samba service: service samba restart

  • Verify that users, guests, and admins are retrieved by executing: getent group

See ?LDAP/NSS with libnss-ldapd and ?LDAP/PAM with libpam-ldapd for more information

To improve performance, you may ?setup nscd to cache account information locally so that the LDAP server is not queried on every operation. In addition you must then set the following setting in /etc/samba/smb.conf:

# sync the LDAP password with the NT and LM hashes for normal accounts
# (NOT for workstation, server or domain trusts) on a password change via SAMBA.
ldap passwd sync = yes

Setup users in the Domain

  • In your LDAP directory create the following Samba users under the ou=users OU:

First Name: Domain
Last Name: Admin
Username: adminstrator
UID: 10000
SID ending: 21000
Group: admins
Home directory: /home/example.org/adminstrator

First Name: My
Last Name: Name
Username: my.name
UID: 10001
SID ending: 21001
Group: admins
Home directory: /home/example.org/my.name
  • Verify that the Domain Controller is abe to access the user accounts:

getent passwd
  • Manually create home directories for your user

mkdir -p /home/example.org/my.name
cp /etc/skel/.* /home/example.org/my.name/
chown -R my.name:users /home/example.org/my.name

Join Windows clients to the domain

  • Create the Samba 3 machine accounts under the ou=machines OU of your LDAP hierarchy:

Machine name: myclientmachine
UID: 30000
  • Make sure the Samba server root password is set, you will need it to join the machine to the domain:

smbpwd -a root
  • Go to your windows machine, right-click My Computer, select Properties

  • On the Name tab select Change

  • Select the Domain radio button and enter example.org, click OK

  • You will be prompted for domain admin credentials to allow the machine to join the domain. Enter root for the username and the samba root password.

  • You should see a Welcome to the example.org domain message

  • Reboot and you can log in using user from your LDAP database.

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