Differences between revisions 33 and 34
Revision 33 as of 2020-03-26 03:48:37
Size: 2132
Editor: PaulWise
Comment: the Root Terminal was a GNOME 2 feature, probably still available in MATE
Revision 34 as of 2021-05-18 06:12:53
Size: 2083
Comment: gksu is dead, remove mention. Reference doas.
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 * In a terminal : you can use [[DebianMan:1/su|su]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksu|gksu]]) to change your identity to root. <<BR>> However, it's recommended to configure and use [[sudo]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksudo|gksudo]]) to run a given command.  * In a terminal : you can use [[DebianMan:1/su|su]] to change your identity to root. <<BR>> However, it's recommended to configure and use [[sudo]] or [[Doas|doas]] to run a given command.

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Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The root user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home (~) folder is /root.

root has uid 0 and gid 0.

Password

At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.

  • If you want to (the default), you'll be asked to provide a complex password for root. Use a strong one!

  • If not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.
  • If you forgot your root password, you first need to reset the password, then log as root (now accessible without password) and run passwd to set a new password.

How to use root level access as a normal user

  • Under MATE : in MATE Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal

  • From console : read Debian Reference's Login to a shell prompt as root

  • In a terminal : you can use su to change your identity to root.
    However, it's recommended to configure and use sudo or doas to run a given command.

When you change from a normal user to root, your prompt will change from user@mypc:~$ to root@mypc:/home/user# .
To find out as which user you're operating now, execute the command whoami.


CategoryRoot | CategorySystemSecurity | CategorySystemAdministration