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||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[es/Root|Español]] - [[ar/Root|العربيةo]] - [[it/Root|Italiano]] -~ ||<style="text-align: right; border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]||
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[es/Root|Español]] - [[ar/Root|العربية]] - [[it/Root|Italiano]] - [[ru/Root|Русский]] -~ ||<style="text-align: right; border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]||
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'''Root''' is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The {{{root}}} user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home ({{{~}}}) folder is {{{/root}}}.
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<<TableOfContents(2)>>
= What is root? =
Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The {{{root}}} user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home ({{{~}}}) folder is {{{/root}}}.
{{{root}}} has [[WikiPedia:User_identifier|uid]] 0 and [[WikiPedia:Group_identifier|gid]] 0.
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{{{root}}} has uid<<FootNote(uid is the user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts.)>> 0 and gid<<FootNote(gid is the group identifier.)>> 0. <<TableOfContents>>
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= Password = == Password ==
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= How to use root level access as a normal user =
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= How to use root level access as a normal user ==
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To find out as which user you're operating now, execute the command {{{whoami}}} .
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To find out as which user you're operating now, execute the command {{{whoami}}}.

Translation(s): English - Español - العربية - Italiano - Русский

(!) ?Discussion


Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The root user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home (~) folder is /root.

root has uid 0 and gid 0.

Password

At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.

  • If you want to (the default), you'll be asked to provide a complex password for root. Use a strong one!

  • If not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.
  • If you forgot your password, read "I forgot the root password!"

How to use root level access as a normal user

  • Under Gnome : in Gnome Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal
  • From console : read Debian Reference's Login to a shell prompt as root

  • In a terminal : you can use su (or gksu) to change your identity to root.
    However, it's recommended to configure and use sudo (or gksudo) to run a given command.

When you change from a normal user to root, your prompt will change from user@mypc:~$ to root@mypc:/home/user# .
To find out as which user you're operating now, execute the command whoami.