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Translation(s): [[es/Root|Español]]
 
[[TableOfContents(2)]]
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[es/Root|Español]] - [[it/Root|Italiano]] -~ ||<style="text-align: right; border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]||
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{{{root}}} has uid<<FootNote(uid is user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts)>> 0 and gid<<FootNote(gid is group identifier)>> 0. {{{root}}} has uid<<FootNote(uid is the user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts.)>> 0 and gid<<FootNote(gid is the group identifier.)>> 0.
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 * if you want to ''(the default)'', you'll be asked to provide a '''complex''' password for root. ''Use a strong one!''
 * if not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.'' ''
 * If you want to ''(the default)'', you'll be asked to provide a '''complex''' password for root. ''Use a strong one!''
 * If not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.
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= How to use root level access as a normal user. = = How to use root level access as a normal user =
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 * From console : read ''Debian Reference''{{{}}}'s   [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tutorial#s-login-root|Login to a shell prompt as root]]
 * In a terminal, you can use [[DebianMan:1/su|su]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksu|gksu]]) to change your identity to root, However, it's recommended to configure and use [[DebianMan:1/sudo|sudo]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksudo|gksudo]]) to run a given command.
 * From console : read ''Debian Reference''{{{}}}'s [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tutorial#s-login-root|Login to a shell prompt as root]]
 * In a terminal : you can use [[DebianMan:1/su|su]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksu|gksu]]) to change your identity to root. However, it's recommended to configure and use [[DebianMan:1/sudo|sudo]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksudo|gksudo]]) to run a given command.

Translation(s): English - Español - Italiano

(!) ?Discussion


What is root?

Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The root user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home (~) folder is /root.

root has uid1 0 and gid2 0.

Password

At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.

  • If you want to (the default), you'll be asked to provide a complex password for root. Use a strong one!

  • If not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.
  • If you forgot your password, read "I forgot the root password!"

How to use root level access as a normal user

  • Under Gnome : in Gnome Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal
  • From console : read Debian Reference's Login to a shell prompt as root

  • In a terminal : you can use su (or gksu) to change your identity to root. However, it's recommended to configure and use sudo (or gksudo) to run a given command.

  1. uid is the user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts. (1)

  2. gid is the group identifier. (2)