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 * In a terminal, you can use [[http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/su|su]] (or [[http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/gksu|gksu]]) to change your identity to root, However, it's recommended to configure and use [[http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/sudo|sudo]] (or [[http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/gksudo|gksudo]]) to run a given command.  * In a terminal, you can use [[DebianMan:1/su|su]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksu|gksu]]) to change your identity to root, However, it's recommended to configure and use [[DebianMan:1/sudo|sudo]] (or [[DebianMan:1/gksudo|gksudo]]) to run a given command.

What is root?

Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The root user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home (~) folder is /root.

root has uid1 0 and gid2 0.

Password

At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.

  • if you want to (the default), you'll be asked to provide a complex password for root. Use a strong one!

  • if not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.

  • If you forgot your password, read "I forgot the root password!"

How to use root level access as a normal user.

  • Under Gnome : in Gnome Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal
  • From console : read Debian Reference's Login to a shell prompt as root

  • In a terminal, you can use su (or gksu) to change your identity to root, However, it's recommended to configure and use sudo (or gksudo) to run a given command.

  1. uid is user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts (1)

  2. gid is group identifier (2)