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Revision 36 as of 2021-08-20 21:07:29
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## [[TableOfContents(2)]]
= What is root? =
{{{Root}}} is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The {{{root}}} user account can do everything on the machine. {{{Root}}} is also known as supervisor and administrator. It's home ({{{~}}}) folder is {{{/root}}}.
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[ar/Root|العربية]] - English - [[es/Root|Español]] - [[fr/Root|Français]] - [[it/Root|Italiano]] - [[pt_BR/Root|Português (Brasil)]] - [[ru/Root|Русский]] - [[sv/Root|Svenska]] - [[zh_CN/root|简体中文]]-~ ||
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'''Root''' is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The {{{root}}} user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home ({{{~}}}) folder is {{{/root}}}.
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It has uid[[FootNote(uid is user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts)]] 0 and gid[[FootNote(gid is group identifier)]] 0. {{{root}}} has [[WikiPedia:User_identifier|uid]] 0 and [[WikiPedia:Group_identifier|gid]] 0.
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= Password = <<TableOfContents>>

=
= Password ==
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 * if you want to ''(the default)'', you'll be asked to provide a '''complex''' password for root. ''Use a strong one!''
 * if not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.'' ''
 * If you forgot your password, read [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tips#s-crackroot "I forgot the root password!"]
= How to use root level access as a normal user. =
 * Under Gnome : in Gnome Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal
 * From console : read ''Debian Reference''{{{}}}'s [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tutorial#s-login-root Login to a shell prompt as root]
 * In a terminal, you can use [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/su su] (or [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/gksu gksu]) to change your identity to root, However, it's recommended to configure and use [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/sudo sudo] (or [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/gksudo gksudo]) to run a given command.
 * If you want to ''(the default)'', you'll be asked to provide a '''complex''' password for root. ''Use a strong one!''
 * If not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.
 * If you forgot your root password, you first need to [[https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-reference/ch04.en.html#_securing_the_root_password|reset the password]], then log as root (now accessible without password) and run {{{passwd}}} to set a new password.

== How to use root level access as a normal user ==
 * Under [[MATE]] : in MATE Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal
 * From console : read ''Debian Reference''{{{}}}'s [[http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch01.en.html#_the_root_shell_prompt|Login to a shell prompt as root]]
 * In a terminal : you can use [[DebianMan:1/su|su]] to change your identity to root. <<BR>> However, it's recommended to configure and use [[sudo]] or [[Doas|doas]] to run a given command.
When you change from a normal user to root, your prompt will change from {{{user@mypc:~$}}} to {{{root@mypc:/home/user#}}} .<<BR>>
To find out as which user you're operating now, execute the command {{{whoami}}}.

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CategoryRoot | CategorySystemSecurity | CategorySystemAdministration

Translation(s): العربية - English - Español - Français - Italiano - Português (Brasil) - Русский - Svenska - 简体中文


Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The root user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home (~) folder is /root.

root has uid 0 and gid 0.

Password

At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.

  • If you want to (the default), you'll be asked to provide a complex password for root. Use a strong one!

  • If not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.
  • If you forgot your root password, you first need to reset the password, then log as root (now accessible without password) and run passwd to set a new password.

How to use root level access as a normal user

  • Under MATE : in MATE Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal

  • From console : read Debian Reference's Login to a shell prompt as root

  • In a terminal : you can use su to change your identity to root.
    However, it's recommended to configure and use sudo or doas to run a given command.

When you change from a normal user to root, your prompt will change from user@mypc:~$ to root@mypc:/home/user# .
To find out as which user you're operating now, execute the command whoami.


CategoryRoot | CategorySystemSecurity | CategorySystemAdministration