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##
## hints for wiki contributors about Root:
## - write hints/guidelines here.
##
## Remember, it's important (for search engines) that title actually
## contains words relevant to the page content. ("introduction" don't help)
##
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-Translation(s): none / [:German/Root:Deutsch] - [:French/Root:Français]-~||<style="text-align: right;border: 0px hidden"> (!) [:/Discussion:Discussion]||
----
Explanations about the {{{root}}} account.
## [[TableOfContents(2)]]
= What is root? =
Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The {{{root}}} user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home ({{{~}}}) folder is {{{/root}}}.
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## If your page gets really long, uncomment this Table of Contents
[[TableOfContents(2)]]

= What is root? =

{{{Root}}} is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. This user account can do everything on the machine. It's also known as supervisor, administrator.

It has uid 0 and gid 0.
{{{root}}} has uid[[FootNote(uid is user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts)]] 0 and gid[[FootNote(gid is group identifier)]] 0.
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At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.
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At installation time, you are been asked for creation or not of the root account.
 * if you want so ''(the default)'', you'll be asked to provide a password for root. Use a strong one!
 * if not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.



----
## You can add other helpful links
See also:
 * [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tutorial.en.html#s-login-root Login to a shell prompt as root]
 * [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tips.en.html#s-crackroot "I forgot the root password!"]


##CategorySomething | CategoryAnother
 * if you want to ''(the default)'', you'll be asked to provide a '''complex''' password for root. ''Use a strong one!''
 * if not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.'' ''
 * If you forgot your password, read [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tips#s-crackroot "I forgot the root password!"]
= How to use root level access as a normal user. =
 * Under Gnome : in Gnome Application Menu/Accessories/Root Terminal
 * From console : read ''Debian Reference''{{{}}}'s [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tutorial#s-login-root Login to a shell prompt as root]
 * In a terminal, you can use [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/su su] (or [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/gksu gksu]) to change your identity to root, However, it's recommended to configure and use [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/sudo sudo] (or [http://manpages.debian.net/man/1/gksudo gksudo]) to run a given command.

What is root?

Root is the name of the most powerful account on a Debian installation. The root user account can do everything on the machine. Root is also known as supervisor and administrator. Root's home (~) folder is /root.

root has uid?FootNote(uid is user identifier, a number which identifies all user accounts) 0 and gid?FootNote(gid is group identifier) 0.

Password

At installation time, you are asked whether you want to use the root account or not.

  • if you want to (the default), you'll be asked to provide a complex password for root. Use a strong one!

  • if not, no root account is enabled and the password of the first user created will be used for administration tasks.

  • If you forgot your password, read [http://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/reference/ch-tips#s-crackroot "I forgot the root password!"]

How to use root level access as a normal user.