To almost quote Wikipedia, ripping is the process of copying input audio or video content (typically from an optical disc such as a CD or DVD) and outputting to a "normal" storage filesystem. Ripping is typically more difficult than simple file copying (as when copying files from a flash drive or external hard drive) in that
the source content (i.e., the audio or video (or both) on the optical disc) typically is not formatted like data in a "normal" filesystem.
the source content is often encrypted (e.g., with CSS)
the user may want to include metadata (aka tags, e.g., artist name, work title, release date) in the output. This metadata will typically require some format, e.g., ID3.
Hence ripping audio or video involves at least 3 separate problems:
- reading the optical disc
- writing to the desired output format
- gathering (or authoring) metadata
Fortunately we Debian users have access to many services and software packages to assist us with these problems.
ripping audio CDs
Popular CD rippers with Debian builds include
abcde, a commandline ripper and metadata retriever
Asunder, a non-GNOME, GTK+ CD ripper/retriever GUI
cdparanoia, an audio extraction commandline tool for sampling CDs. Cdparanoia goes to great lengths to try to extract the audio information without any artifacts such as jitter
Grip, a GNOME CD ripper/retriever GUI
pacpl (the Perl Audio Converter), a commandline ripper and metadata converter
ripperx, a GTK-based graphical interface for ripping CD audio tracks (using cdparanoia) and then encoding them into the Ogg, FLAC, or MP2/3 formats
Sound Juicer, a GNOME CD ripper/retriever GUI
VLC, a multi-platform GUI media player, streamer, and ripper/retriever
xcfa, a GUI tool to extract the contens of Audio-CDs and convert it to various audio file formats such as FLAC, WAV, OGG, M4A, MPC, MP3, WavPack and many other
- document examples of use of at least one GUI.
- document ripping to a non-MP3 format
ripping audio CDs with pacpl
pacpl will rip tracks from the current disc to any of several supported formats with commandlines like
pacpl --rip all --to flac pacpl --rip 1,3,9,15 --to mp3
Install package=pacpl and read info pacpl (especially section=RIPPING OPTIONS).
ripping audio CDs to MP3s with Sound Juicer
ripping audio CDs to MP3s with abcde
the abcde manual page
the default config file (cat /etc/abcde.conf)
the `abcde` wiki (which is also currently the abcde project page)
Modern versions of abcde come with logical defaults. An easy way to change the defaults is to copy /etc/abcde.conf to ~/.abcde.conf and edit the latter. Everything in the configuration file is commented out, so uncomment and change the values you want.
As of buster, abcde comes with many suggested packages that support it. One package that it does not come with, but is required for the default configuration is "eyed3"; that needs to be added separately.
Put a CD in the CD reader of the system. Start abcde with abcde to execute with all the defaults and any configuration changes you have made. It will ask a few questions but then proceed to rip and save.
ripping video DVDs
vobcopy: copy DVD files (.vob) to hard disk. For example, vobcopy -m mirrors the whole DVD to the hard disk inside a created directory (named after the DVD). Then, open the directory with VLC to play the DVD rip.
dvdbackup: like vobcopy. dvdbackup -M should produce the same thing as vobcopy -m.