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Revision 62 as of 2019-08-16 15:48:57
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Editor: nodiscc
Comment: merge with PackageManagement, redirect
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## Auto-converted by kwiki2moinmoin v2005-10-07
== Contents of a debian file ==
To get the contents of the file "abc.deb", you have to enter
$ dpkg-deb -c abc.deb

== Reconfiguring of debconf ==
To reconfigure debconf, so that it informs you of most changes of the new packages, you have to enter
# dpkg-reconfigure debconf
Chose "medium" here

== Package Management with apt-get and dpkg ==
=== Package resource list for APT ===
The file /etc/apt/sources.list is the definition file of the sources for apt. For further information about this file type
man 5 sources.list

===Retrieve new lists of packages:

To fetch the new lists of all the packages from sources.list enter as root
# apt-get update
This command checks for new release-files on the given servers. Luckily the command is clever enough to check if the release-file has changed after the last update.

===Upgrade of all the files:

To make an update of all the changed packages, enter the line
# apt-get update -u
The additional flag -u shows a list of upgraded packages as well. If you want to run the update in a cron-job, you should use the flags -dy. With this flags the new packages will be downloaded but not installed. You can install them later by writing apt-get update -u.

===Distribution Upgrade of all the files:

To make an upgrade of your actual distribution (e.g from potato to woody or when using unstable) replace upgrade with dist-upgrade when entering your command. So you have to type
apt-get dist-upgrade -dy
apt-get dist-upgrade -u
for an distribution upgrade.

===Add a package:

How can you add a package to your system without the gui-programms? All you have to do is find out the name of this package and enter the command
apt-get install sylpheed-claws
to add the package sylpheed-claws.

===Remove a package:

To get rid of the package foo which is no longer needed, enter the command
# apt-get remove foo
If the package is needed by other packages you will be prompted to remove this package and all packages which depend on it.

===Forced removing of a package:

While making an distibution upgrade it coud happen that you have to remove a package first. But sometimes this is not possible with apt-get remove since the package has unmet dependencies or is not installed completely. You can remove the package foo by using the command
dpkg --force-all --remove foo

===Read the contents of a installed package:

Sometimes you wan't to know which files are in the package foo. To get this information enter the command
dpkg -L foo

===Get the description of a package:

You don't know what the package foo is for? Just write
dpkg -p foo

===Search the package of a file:

Have you ever wondered to which package belongs a given file? To get this information (e.g. for /usr/bin/apt-get), start the command
dpkg -S /usr/bin/apt-get
and it will tell you that this file is part of the package apt.
#redirect PackageManagement
#language en
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[bn/QuickPackageManagement|বাংলা]] - [[pt_BR/QuickPackageManagement|Brasileiro]] - [[el/QuickPackageManagement| Ελληνικά]] - English - [[es/QuickPackageManagement|Español]] - [[fr/QuickPackageManagement|Français]] - [[de/QuickPackageManagement|German]] - [[he/QuickPackageManagement|עברית (Hebrew)]] - [[id/QuickPackageManagement|Indonesian]] - [[it/QuickPackageManagement|Italiano]] - [[ru/QuickPackageManagement|Русский]] - [[ta/QuickPackageManagement|தமிழ் (Tamil)]] -~ ||<style="text-align: right; border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]||