Maintainer's Note on IBM Cell and PS3 systems
"PowerPC SPE" refers to the "Signal Processing Engine" hardware present on low-power 32-bit ?FreeScale and IBM "e500" cores. If you wish to run Debian on a PS3 or other IBM-Cell-based system, you should instead use the standard powerpc port. The "SPE" in the "powerpcspe" architecture does not refer to the "Synergistic Processing Element" units on IBM Cell microprocessors, although both are PowerPC variants. See also http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2011/06/msg00592.html
The powerpcspe port is currently at ~90% source package (for arch:powerpcspe) completeness, as you will find on the status pages. You can use a regular mirror from the Debian Ports mirror network, e.g.:
deb http://ftp.ports.debian.org/debian-ports/ unstable main deb http://ftp.ports.debian.org/debian-ports/ unreleased main
Not all porting efforts are integrated into Debian unstable yet, therefore the "unreleased" distribution of Debian Ports needs to be used additionally.
Experimental packages are available from:
deb http://ftp.ports.debian.org/debian-ports/ experimental main
It is supported by qemu, both -system and -user, although you need to manually specify the CPU:
The env var needs to be present whenever a process started by qemu-user is run. As you probably want to use binfmt (package qemu-user-static, copy qemu-ppc-static into /usr/bin/ inside the chroot before debootstrapping), this means exporting it whenever you run debootstrap or chroot.
Current 'powerpcspe' bug list
Repositories and Build Status
Hosting for the unofficial PowerPCSPE port is graciously provided by the wonderful people at Debian ports. In particular we'd like to thank Aurelien Jarno for his help getting everything set up.
The 'powerpcspe' architecture is a binary-incompatible variant of the PowerPC/POWER designed and supported by FreeScale and IBM. It is also known under the trade names "e500"/"MPC8500" and "e200"/"MPC5xx".
Additional information can be found at:
The following CPUs are supported by Debian's powerpcspe/e500v2 port:
The following CPUs are known to not working with this port:
- MPC8540 (for this one, you can use Debian's regular powerpc port with activated FPU emulation in the kernel)
In particular, the 'powerpcspe' architecture lacks the classic FPU with dedicated FPRs found on most other PowerPC systems. It is replaced with a set of "SPE" instructions which perform floating-point operations on the integer registers.
In an unfortunate choice of architecture design, the instructions used for the "SPE" operations overlap with those for the Altivec unit on most other modern PowerPC cores.
The "e500v2"-series chips have 64-bit GPRs, where the high 32-bits are accessible only via the special "SPE" instructions, allowing them to make efficient use of the "double" datatype.
The relatively rare "e500v1"-series chips have only 32-bit GPRs, and require software traps and emulation to support native "double".
The "e200z3" and "e200z6" chips have no support for floating point at all, but with software traps and emulation are binary-compatible with the "e500"-series chips.
The Debian port to this architecture specifically chooses to optimize for the higher-end chips (e500v2), as most of the others are targeted at automotive applications or no longer in production.
Full support for the e500v2 requires the following options to GCC's "configure":
--without-fp (FPU support has to be disabled manually)
Please note that the --with-long-double-128 is desired to match the behavior of long double on other PowerPC-based platforms. (Otherwise long double is exactly the same as double).
Installing the port
Installation can be done with debootstrap:
# apt install debian-ports-archive-keyring # debootstrap --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/debian-ports-archive-keyring.gpg unstable rootfs-powerpcspe http://ftp.ports.debian.org/debian-ports/
An intermediate repository is provided, because debootstrap doesn't accept sources from multiple distributions like here with sources from unstable and unreleased. As the repository at antcom.de is a bit outdated, you should apt-get dist-upgrade after bootstrapping.
Or, to cross-bootstrap, do:
# apt install debian-ports-archive-keyring # debootstrap --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/debian-ports-archive-keyring.gpg --foreign --arch=powerpcspe unstable rootfs-powerpcspe http://ftp.ports.debian.org/debian-ports/
Afterwards, on the target, chroot to this directory and finish the installation with:
# /debootstrap/debootstrap --second-stage
- if you need a console on ttyS0:
edit etc/inittab and add a line like T0:23:respawn:/sbin/getty -L ttyS0 115200 vt100
make sure /dev/ttyS0 exist. Either install udev or use the following command mknod ttyS0 c 4 64
edit etc/apt/sources.list and enter a mirror from here which is close to you.
Installing in QEMU
If you don't have the hardware and want a porting chroot, run the following:
TARGET=powerpcspe #name the chroot here apt-get -y install debian-ports-archive-keyring qemu-user-static btrfs subv create "$TARGET" || mkdir "$TARGET" mkdir -p "$TARGET/usr/bin" cp -p /usr/bin/qemu-ppc-static "$TARGET/usr/bin/" QEMU_CPU=e500v2 debootstrap --arch=powerpcspe \ --keyring=/usr/share/keyrings/debian-ports-archive-keyring.gpg \ unstable "$TARGET" http://ftp.ports.debian.org/debian-ports/
During the last several years, the following people have been working on this port:
- Sebastian Andrzej Siewior
- Kyle Moffett
- John Paul Adrian Glaubitz (currently active porter)
At this time the 'powerpcspe' architecture port is still very much an unofficial port. While we hope that will change in the future, it is entirely possible that the embedded niche of the processor will make such an official Debian port problematic.