These instructions are to install PocketWorkstation with X-Qt on the Sharp ROM.

  Does anyone know if these instructions work for OZ?

Before you can begin, a method of transfering files from the internet to your PDA must be established.

The most convienent and straightforward method is to just have Internet available on the PDA itself. That will allow you to use the ipkg package manager. There are many ways this can be done, for example using the built-in wireless, or masquerading through the USB TCP/IP connection.

You will also need access to a shell to run the configuration scripts. You can use these terminals if you plan on using the Zaurus:

or install !["OpenSSH"] and work remotely.

Installing X/Qt

The first step is to have a working copy of X/Qt installed. X/Qt must be installed onto an ext2 formatted filesystem, the internal memory will work fine.

If the PDA has access to the internet, the easiest way to install is to use the testing feed available from the X/Qt sourceforge site.

  1. Open a terminal
  2. Type echo "src xqt" >> /etc/ipkg.conf

  3. Type ipkg update
  4. Type ipkg install xqt-server xqt-fonts-misc xbase-etc

If internet access is still unavailable, download/copy to the PDA all the following packages from

Open up a terminal and install each of these packages.

  ipkg install xqt-server_0.0.10 xqt-fonts-misc_X.X.X... etc

Download a modified X/Qt startup scripts package here

This package will install the original X/Qt startup scripts modified for PocketWorkstation, and a setup script to configure PocketWorkstation. The depencies for blackbox and rxvt have also been removed.

(Until I can find a different host to hold the package it's on Yahoo. Because Yahoo only allows certain extensions I had to gzip it for them to accept it. Make sure you gunzip the file before you try and install it.)

If you have any problem with the above package, feel free to email the packager at

Installing Debian GNU/Linux

PocketWorkstation will need to be installed on an ext2 filesystem with at least ["195MB"] of free space for the big package. When you start to install more software and libraries, another ["200MB"]-["300MB"] will quickly be needed.

Because more space is needed then is available on the internal memory, a memory chip will need to be formatted and used. Refer to the following table when needed.



Mount Point

SD Card



CF Card



Formatting a memory card

1. Open a terminal.

2. Unmount the filesystem being used.

  umount /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]

3. Format the filesystem as ext2.

  mkfs.ext2 ''dev''[mmcda1 or hda1]

4. Remount the filesystem.

  mount /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]

Extracting Debian

Plug your Zaurus into AC Power while extracting! You don't want the unit to suspend in the middle of all your hard work.

Copy the following files onto the ext2 filesystem you just formated.

Change to the directory with the above files and type:

  1. gunzip gnu-tar.gz
  2. chmod 755 gnu-tar
  3. mkdir .debroot
  4. ./gnu-tar -C .debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.17.tgz

Note: The above commands install Debian into a hidden directory (.debroot) so that programs like Sharp's Media Player don't spend hours searching through it. You can change the name to whatever you like.

Final setup procedures

See [PocketWorkstation-Keymaps] for information on how to create an xmodmap file if your keyboard does not work correctly in X/Qt.

Download the new keymap file into your home folder in the chroot environment. ie: /usr/mnt.rom/cf/debroot/root

Now configure your PDA to run Debian with X/Qt

  1. Change to your debroot directory
  2. Type

The postinst script will create a startup script in the debroot directory, a swap file, and link root's home to /home/root. It will also make note of where you extracted debroot into /etc/debroot.

The PocketWorkstation installation that uses fbvnc sets up a rootcmd daemon. It will let you run root commands outside the chroot environment from inside of it. If your interested in that check out the script that comes with the zaurus-debian archive.

The only thing left is to mount the proc filesystem.

  mount -t proc /proc /usr/mnt.rom/{cf or card}/debroot/proc

You only need to do this once after you turned your PDA on. You may need to unmount it if you want to eject the card that holds Debian.

Your done!

Eveything should be setup now. Click on the PocketWorkstation icon under your Applications tab.

NOTE: You won't see the taskbar at first because it is hidden beneath your Qtopia taskbar. Press your menu key to change to fullscreen mode.

Model Specifics


Internal Wireless Card

The internet can be controlled through Qtopia as it always has been. However the up and down scripts don't create a resolv.conf file for the chroot environment when using DHCP. An easy hack is to add the line

  cp /etc/resolv.conf /usr/mnt.rom/cf/debroot/etc

to the bottom of the /etc/pcmcia/network.functions files.

Keyboard Maps

The 6000 keyboard is all out of whack. Download a keymap or create your own. Put it in debroot/root/.xmodmaprc

Other Resources: