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|./gnu-tar -C ''mnt''[cf or card]/debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.17.tgz||./gnu-tar -C ''mnt''[cf or card]/debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.18.tgz|
Last updated June 5, 2005
- Sarge will be release as Stable soon, and it may be the last time Debian builds for the ARM architecute.
Before you can begin, a method of transfering files from the internet to your PDA must be established.
The most convienent and straightforward method is to just have Internet available on the PDA itself. That will allow you to use the ipkg package manager. There are many ways this can be done, for example using the built-in wireless, or masquerading through the USB TCP/IP connection.
You will also need access to a shell to run the configuration scripts. You can use these terminals if you plan on using the Zaurus:
or install !["OpenSSH"] and work remotely.
All the following steps should be run as 'su'.
The first step is to have a working copy of X/Qt installed. X/Qt must be installed onto an ext2 formatted filesystem, the internal memory will work fine.
If the PDA has access to the internet, the easiest way to install is to use the testing feed available from the X/Qt sourceforge site.
- Open a terminal
Type echo "src xqt http://xqt.sourceforge.jp/feed-testing/" >> /etc/ipkg.conf
- Type ipkg update
- Type ipkg install xqt-server xqt-fonts-misc xbase-etc
If internet access is still unavailable, download/copy to the PDA all the following packages from http://xqt.sourceforge.jp/feed-testing/.
xqt-server (version >= 1.9.0)
only xbase-etc requires to be installed on the internal memory, the rest can be installed on the ext2 SD or CF. If the installation failed on the first round, remove the ?QtPalmtop directory on your ext2 card and try again.
Open up a terminal and install each of these packages.
ipkg install xqt-server_1.9.0 xqt-fonts-misc_X.X.X... etc
test the X/Qt by tapping the X icon on your desktop. You should see a gray background with crosshair. click the pulldown button on your Z and "shutdown" to exit. X/Qt depends on zlib, though (zlib 1.1.2 should suffice).
Download a modified X/Qt startup scripts package here http://www.geocities.com/hatchetman1618/6000/xqt-pocketworkstation-scripts_0.0.3-4_all.ipk.gz These scripts include a modified .xinitrc file that will be saved in your /home/zaurus directory. Install it with the package manager GUI, otherwise (ipkg install) you need to manualy add the icon onto the desktop
This package will install the original X/Qt startup scripts modified for PocketWorkstation. The depencies for blackbox and rxvt have also been removed.
(Until I can find a different host to hold the package it's on Yahoo. Because Yahoo only allows certain extensions I had to gzip it for them to accept it. Make sure you gunzip the file before you try and install it.)
Installing Debian GNU/Linux
PocketWorkstation will need to be installed on an ext2 filesystem with at least ["195MB"] of free space for the big package. When you start to install more software and libraries, another ["200MB"]-["300MB"] will quickly be needed.
Because more space is needed then is available on the internal memory, a memory chip will need to be formatted and used. Refer to the following table when needed.
Formatting a memory card
1. Open a terminal.
2. Unmount the filesystem being used. Do NOT eject, this will unload the kernel modules needed to access the device.
umount ''mnt''[cf or card]
3. Format the filesystem as ext2.
mkfs.ext2 ''dev''[hda1 or mmcda1]
4. Remount the filesystem.
mount ''mnt''[cf or card]
NOTE: you may need to add the following line to your /etc/fstab:
/dev/hda1 /mnt/cf ext2 defaults 0 0
for the cf to be recognized. If you have trouble with corruption (easily checked using md5sum), you should change your mount options from default to rw,sync.
/dev/hda1 /mnt/cf ext2 rw,sync 0 0
Type mount to see if it has been mounted as ext2.
Plug your Zaurus into AC Power while extracting! You don't want the unit to suspend in the middle of all your hard work.
Copy the following files onto the ext2 filesystem you just formated.
If you're downloading via Opera to your storage card, you will need a Documents folder & permissions
cd /mnt/cf/ mkdir Documents chmod 777 Documents
Change to the directory with the downloaded files and type:
gunzip gnu-tar.gz chmod 755 gnu-tar mkdir ''mnt''[cf or card]/debroot ./gnu-tar -C ''mnt''[cf or card]/debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.18.tgz
(without ./ you will get the error message "gnu-tar: command not found")
(If you extract using a PC, make sure your links between files don't become linked to the desktop.)
You could also use a folder starting with a period like .debroot, so that programs like Sharp's Media Player don't spend hours searching through it. You can change the directory name to whatever you like.
Final setup procedures
1. Change to your debroot directory. 2. Create a new file startd
#!/bin/sh #Startup Commands export DISPLAY=0:0 swapon /swapfile /usr/bin/icewm-session #Shutdown Commands swapoff /swapfile
3. Set the permissions on the new startd file
chmod 755 startd
4. Create a ["64MB"] swap file
dd if=/dev/zero of=swapfile bs=1024 count=65536 mkswap swapfile
5. Link the home directory to root
ln -s root home/root
6. Store the debroot location, type
pwd > /etc/debroot
/etc/debroot is called in the .xinitrc
You can remove the debroot/INSTALL.d file since it wasn't used anyways.
The PocketWorkstation installation that uses fbvnc sets up a rootcmd daemon. It will let you run root commands outside the chroot environment from inside of it. If your interested in that check out the postinst.sh script that comes with the zaurus-debian archive.
See PocketWorkstationKeymaps for information on how to use or create an xmodmap file if your keyboard does not work correctly in X/Qt. On Zaurus 6000's various keys like colon : don't work without running xmodmap.
Download the new keymap file into your home folder. ie: /home/zaurus. Run xmodmap <keymap file>.
The only thing left is to mount the proc filesystem.
mount -t proc /proc /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]/debroot/proc
You only need to do this once after you turned your PDA on. You may need to unmount it if you want to eject the card that holds Debian. You can also add the above line into your .xinitrc to let proc mounted automatically
su -c 'mount -t proc /proc /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]/debroot/proc'
if so, consider putting the following at the end of the file startd
Well except for fonts... most people find their font problems go away with the latest X/Qt server (1.9.0).
Mostly everything should be setup now. Click on the PocketWorkstation icon under your Applications tab.
Note: The chroot command needs to start as root (su). If you have a password set on root, then you would see Pocketworkstation launch, and a few seconds later, exit. To fix this, open a Qtopia terminal window, and su into root. Type passwd, and press <enter> twice to set the root password to blank.
NOTE: You won't see the taskbar at first because it is hidden beneath your Qtopia taskbar. Press your menu key to change to fullscreen mode.
better to run the following as su
If you get errors saying "can't set the locale; please make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct", then run as su
apt-get install locales
en_US is english US
Updating your Debian build
There are new builds of software regularly, so your debian installation is likely out of date when it's originally installed. You can get update your Debian installation by running the following commands:
apt-get update apt-get upgrade
Internal Wireless Card
The internet can be controlled through Qtopia as it always has been. However the up and down scripts don't create a resolv.conf file for the chroot environment when using DHCP. An easy hack is to add the line
cp /etc/resolv.conf /usr/mnt.rom/cf/debroot/etc
to the bottom of the /etc/pcmcia/network.functions files. Then reboot to make it effective.
I've had some problems with this hack, has anyone come up with a better solution? (no probelm for me on 6000)
The 6000 keyboard is all out of whack. Download a keymap or create your own. Put it in ''root''.xmodmaprc PocketWorkstationKeymaps
(I putted it in /home/zaurus/.xmodmaprc, according to the directory specificed in the .xinitrc, so everytime X/Qt starts, the keymapping is automatically done.)
[http://xqt.sourceforge.jp X/Qt Server Project]
[http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fxqt.sourceforge.jp%2Fpukiwiki%2Fpukiwiki.php&langpair=ja%7Cen&hl=en&safe=off&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools X/Qt Wiki (translated to English)]
[http://www.zaurususergroup.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=8125 Debian X/Qt ?ZaurusUserGroup Thread]
[http://w3.mecanica.upm.es/~smuelas/debianxqt.html Smuelas's Debian X-Qt Page]
Quit your X/Qt debian is recommended before suspend
- suspend may cause you lose the keymapping
- suspend without quiting X/Qt may cause your Z freeze. (The problem seems related to /proc mounted onto your card. When awaked from suspension, my CF card in the sled automatically ejected and reinserted by the system, which result in the freeze)