Differences between revisions 1 and 14 (spanning 13 versions)
Revision 1 as of 2005-01-30 10:20:38
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Revision 14 as of 2005-02-01 05:16:37
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Editor: anonymous
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Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
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These instructions are to install PocketWorkstation with X-Qt on the SL-6000 Sharp ROM. These instructions are to install PocketWorkstation with X-Qt on the Sharp ROM.
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## How much of this document is 6000 specific? Maybe this document should only hold the internal wireless hacks, and the rest put into it's own X/Qt document ##
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It's also recommended to install a copy of !["OpenSSH"]. It will be a great deal easier to install packages, edit config files, and any other preporation work needed remotely. You can download the packages you need from http://www.externe.net/zaurus/feeds/6000/ You will also need access to a shell to run the configuration scripts. You can use these terminals if you plan on using the Zaurus:

 * Qpe Terminal: http://www.myzaurus.com/downloads/qpe-terminal_1.5.0-2_arm.ipk
 * !["QKonsole"]: http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/qpdf2/qkonsole_0.9.3-20040205_arm.ipk?download
or install !["OpenSSH"] and work remotely.
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The first step towards a working Debian setup is to have a working copy of X/Qt installed. X/Qt must be installed onto an ext2 formatted filesystem, the internal memory will work fine. The first step is to have a working copy of X/Qt installed. X/Qt must be installed onto an ext2 formatted filesystem, the internal memory will work fine.
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 1. Add http://xqt.sourceforge.jp/feed-testing/ to the end of the file {{{/etc/ipkg.conf}}}  1. Type echo "src xqt http://xqt.sourceforge.jp/feed-testing" >> /etc/ipkg.conf
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 1. Type ipkg install xqt-server xqt-fonts-misc xbase-etc xqt-startup-scripts  1. Type ipkg install xqt-server xqt-fonts-misc xbase-etc
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 * blackbox
 * rxvt
 * xqt-startup-scripts
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Now there are two new icons available under the Apps tab of your Zaurus, X/QT Server, and Start X. Download a modified X/Qt startup scripts package here
http://www.matt.kincaid.name/6000/xqt-pocketworkstation-scripts_0.0.3-1_all.ipk.gz
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##If any of the above information was incorrect, please edit this page and make the changes of what worked for you. I wrote all of this from memory.## This package will install the original X/Qt startup scripts modified for PocketWorkstation, and a setup script to configure PocketWorkstation. The depencies for blackbox and rxvt have also been removed.
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(Until I can find a different host to hold the package it's on Yahoo. Because Yahoo only allows certain extensions I had to gzip it for them to accept it. Make sure you gunzip the file before you try and install it.)

If you have any problem with the above package, feel free to email the packager at linux@matt.kincaid.name.
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PocketWorkstation will need to be installed onto a ext2 filesystem with at least ["195MB"] of free space for the big package. When you start to install more software and libraries, another ["200MB"]-["300MB"] will quickly be needed. PocketWorkstation will need to be installed on an ext2 filesystem with at least ["195MB"] of free space for the big package. When you start to install more software and libraries, another ["200MB"]-["300MB"] will quickly be needed.
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  mkfs.ext ''dev''[mmcda1 or hda1]   mkfs.ext2 ''dev''[mmcda1 or hda1]
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 1. mkdir debroot
 1. ./gnu-tar -C debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.17.tgz
 1. mkdir .debroot
 1. ./gnu-tar -C .debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.17.tgz

Note: The above commands install Debian into a hidden directory ({{{.debroot}}}) so that programs like Sharp's Media Player don't spend hours searching through it. You can change the name to whatever you like.
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Download a new keymap so the keys work correctly in X/Qt into the folder {{{/home/zaurus}}}{{{
  http://w3.mecanica.upm.es/~smuelas/.xmodmaprc
See [PocketWorkstation-Keymaps] for information on how to create an xmodmap file if your keyboard does not work correctly in X/Qt.

Download the new keymap file into your home folder in the chroot environment. ie: {{{/usr/mnt.rom/cf/debroot/root}}}

Now configure your PDA to run Debian with X/Qt
 1. Change to your debroot directory
 1. Type pocketworkstation-postinst.sh

The postinst script will create a startup script in the debroot directory, a swap file, and link root's home to /home/root. It will also make note of where you extracted debroot into {{{~zaurus/.debroot}}}.

The PocketWorkstation installation that uses fbvnc sets up a rootcmd daemon. It will let you run root commands outside the chroot environment from inside of it. If your interested in that check out the postinst.sh script that comes with the zaurus-debian archive.

The only thing left is to mount the proc filesystem.{{{
  mount -t proc /proc /usr/mnt.rom/{cf or card}/debroot/proc
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Open {{{/home/zaurus/.xinitrc}}} and modify the LANG variable to look like this (if you speak US english):{{{
  export LANG=en_US
}}}
then remove the last two lines{{{
  rxvt &
  blackbox
}}}
All X software will be run under the chroot environment, so this software is useless. It was only installed to give the .xinitrc file to work from. Now add to the bottom of the .xinitrc file:{{{
  xmodmap /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]/debroot/root/.xmodmaprc
  su -c 'chroot /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]''debroot'' /startd'
}}}
Create a new file {{{/usr/mnt.rom/}}}{{{[cf or card}}}]{{{/debroot/startd}}}{{{
  #!/bin/sh
  #Startup Commands
  export DISPLAY=0:0
  swapon /swapfile
  /usr/bin/icewm-session
  #Shutdown Commands
  swapoff -a
}}}
Fix the permissions on the new startd file{{{
  chmod 755 /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]/debroot/startd
}}}
Create a swap file
 1. Change to your debroot directory
 1. dd if=/dev/zero of=swapfile bs=1024 count=65536
 1. mkswap swapfile
This will create a ["64MB"] swap file.
You only need to do this once after you turned your PDA on. You may need to unmount it if you want to eject the card that holds Debian.
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Now it's time to start X/Qt. Click on the !StartX icon and wait for ["IceWM"] to appear. '''Your done!'''
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The first time you chroot into debian you should create a link between /root and /home/root{{{
  ln -s /root /home/root
}}}
Eveything should be setup now. Click on the PocketWorkstation icon under your Applications tab.
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##This home directory might need to be linked before you can boot into ["IceWM"]. I'm not sure, if someone tries it and you get away with doing it afterwords remove this note##

=== Setting Up Wireless Internet ===
The internet can be controlled through Qtopia as it always has been. However the up and down scripts don't create a resolv.conf file for the chroot environment when using DHCP.
Add to the bottom of the /etc/pcmcia/network.functions file:{{{
  cp /etc/resolv.conf /usr/mnt.rom/cf/debroot/etc
}}}

NOTE: You won't see the taskbar at first because it is hidden beneath your Qtopia taskbar. Press your menu key to change to fullscreen mode.
=== Model Specifics ===
Make sure that you read the PocketWorkstation page for model specific information. (ie. wireless internet on the 6000)
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 * [http://www.zaurususergroup.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=8125 Debian X/Qt ZaurusUserGroup Thread]
 * [http://w3.mecanica.upm.es/~smuelas/debianxqt.html Debian X-Qt instructions by smuelas.]
 * [http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fxqt.sourceforge.jp%2Fpukiwiki%2Fpukiwiki.php&langpair=ja%7Cen&hl=en&safe=off&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&prev=%2Flanguage_tools X/Qt Wiki (translated to English)]
 * [http://www.zaurususergroup.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=8125 Debian X/Qt ZaurusUserGroup Thread]{{{
  
}}}

These instructions are to install PocketWorkstation with X-Qt on the Sharp ROM.


Before you can begin, a method of transfering files from the internet to your PDA must be established.

The most convienent and straightforward method is to just have Internet available on the PDA itself. That will allow you to use the ipkg package manager. There are many ways this can be done, for example using the built-in wireless, or masquerading through the USB TCP/IP connection.

You will also need access to a shell to run the configuration scripts. You can use these terminals if you plan on using the Zaurus:

or install !["OpenSSH"] and work remotely.

Installing X/Qt

The first step is to have a working copy of X/Qt installed. X/Qt must be installed onto an ext2 formatted filesystem, the internal memory will work fine.

If the PDA has access to the internet, the easiest way to install is to use the testing feed available from the X/Qt sourceforge site.

  1. Open a terminal
  2. Type echo "src xqt http://xqt.sourceforge.jp/feed-testing" >> /etc/ipkg.conf

  3. Type ipkg update
  4. Type ipkg install xqt-server xqt-fonts-misc xbase-etc

If internet access is still unavailable, download/copy to the PDA all the following packages from http://xqt.sourceforge.jp/feed-testing/.

  • xqt-server 0.0.10 (1.9.0 doesn't work)
  • xqt-fonts-misc
  • xbase-client
  • xbase-etc
  • xlibs

Open up a terminal and install each of these packages.

  ipkg install xqt-server_0.0.10 xqt-fonts-misc_X.X.X... etc

Download a modified X/Qt startup scripts package here http://www.matt.kincaid.name/6000/xqt-pocketworkstation-scripts_0.0.3-1_all.ipk.gz

This package will install the original X/Qt startup scripts modified for PocketWorkstation, and a setup script to configure PocketWorkstation. The depencies for blackbox and rxvt have also been removed.

(Until I can find a different host to hold the package it's on Yahoo. Because Yahoo only allows certain extensions I had to gzip it for them to accept it. Make sure you gunzip the file before you try and install it.)

If you have any problem with the above package, feel free to email the packager at linux@matt.kincaid.name.

Installing Debian GNU/Linux

PocketWorkstation will need to be installed on an ext2 filesystem with at least ["195MB"] of free space for the big package. When you start to install more software and libraries, another ["200MB"]-["300MB"] will quickly be needed.

Because more space is needed then is available on the internal memory, a memory chip will need to be formatted and used. Refer to the following table when needed.

Type

Filesytem

Mount Point

SD Card

/dev/mmcda1

/usr/mnt.rom/card

CF Card

/dev/hda1

/usr/mnt.rom/cf

Formatting a memory card

1. Open a terminal.

2. Unmount the filesystem being used.

  umount /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]

3. Format the filesystem as ext2.

  mkfs.ext2 ''dev''[mmcda1 or hda1]

4. Remount the filesystem.

  mount /usr/mnt.rom/[cf or card]

Extracting Debian

Plug your Zaurus into AC Power while extracting! You don't want the unit to suspend in the middle of all your hard work.

Copy the following files onto the ext2 filesystem you just formated.

Change to the directory with the above files and type:

  1. gunzip gnu-tar.gz
  2. chmod 755 gnu-tar
  3. mkdir .debroot
  4. ./gnu-tar -C .debroot -xvzpf zaurus-debian-big-v0.17.tgz

Note: The above commands install Debian into a hidden directory (.debroot) so that programs like Sharp's Media Player don't spend hours searching through it. You can change the name to whatever you like.

Final setup procedures

See [PocketWorkstation-Keymaps] for information on how to create an xmodmap file if your keyboard does not work correctly in X/Qt.

Download the new keymap file into your home folder in the chroot environment. ie: /usr/mnt.rom/cf/debroot/root

Now configure your PDA to run Debian with X/Qt

  1. Change to your debroot directory
  2. Type pocketworkstation-postinst.sh

The postinst script will create a startup script in the debroot directory, a swap file, and link root's home to /home/root. It will also make note of where you extracted debroot into ~zaurus/.debroot.

The PocketWorkstation installation that uses fbvnc sets up a rootcmd daemon. It will let you run root commands outside the chroot environment from inside of it. If your interested in that check out the postinst.sh script that comes with the zaurus-debian archive.

The only thing left is to mount the proc filesystem.

  mount -t proc /proc /usr/mnt.rom/{cf or card}/debroot/proc

You only need to do this once after you turned your PDA on. You may need to unmount it if you want to eject the card that holds Debian.

Your done!

Eveything should be setup now. Click on the PocketWorkstation icon under your Applications tab.

NOTE: You won't see the taskbar at first because it is hidden beneath your Qtopia taskbar. Press your menu key to change to fullscreen mode.

Model Specifics

Make sure that you read the PocketWorkstation page for model specific information. (ie. wireless internet on the 6000)

Other Resources: