This portal is about information relevant to developers wishing to package software for Debian. If you were looking for information on installing and removing packages from your Debian system, see the package management page.
Debian packages are maintained by a community of Debian Developers and volunteers.
If you're just starting out with Debian packaging, please read the official documentation first:
the Debian New Maintainers' Guide -- tutorial for simple package
Debian Packaging Tutorial -- slides-based overview of Debian packaging
Debian Policy -- guiding rules Developers Reference -- advanced guide etc.
Introduction to Debian Packaging
To get a good grounding in Debian packaging:
first read the excellent introduction to Debian Packaging to build a package from scratch,
you can also look at the building tutorial to apply changes to an existing package.
if you are new to debian, then setting up debian unstable system can help you setup a development environment.
Now that you have seen the basics, it is highly recommended that you read some real stuff:
the Debian New Maintainers' Guide describes the building of a Debian package to ordinary Debian users.
the Debian Policy includes technical requirements that each package must satisfy.
Then, if you are looking for answers, you can come back here or read:
the interesting pdf file included in the package packaging-tutorial.
The Developers Reference provides an overview of the recommended procedures and the available resources for Debian developers.
What not to do:
There are no shortcuts to learning good packaging practices. Avoid equivs which is only useful for building trivial metapackages and does not teach you anything about packaging.
Types / Formats
AndroidTools - android tools
Fonts - packages
Go - libraries and applications
Haskell - libraries
Java - libraries and applications
Lua - modules
Mono - libraries and applications
Mozilla Extensions - XUL extensions
OCaml - libraries
Python - modules and applications
Ruby - modules and applications
RPM - repackaging RPM packages as .deb packages
Quilt - patch management
Darcs - version control
Git - version control
sbuild - clean build tool
Pbuilder - clean build tool
Secure Pbuilder - builder tool
build scripts used by ruby team - helps testing reverse dependencies easily
Mentors sponsors/mentors for packages in specific areas of Debian
?Adding and removing diversions
Repackage_srcrpm - creating a proper Debian source package while referencing the src.rpm package
Creating package without some particular architectures - for easy porting
DpkgConffileHandling - Gracefully Handling conffiles
DEX - improving Debian and its derivatives through cross-community teamwork
Repacking - Collecting information about repacking
PackageConfigUpgrade : propose a new way to smoothly handle configuration upgrades during package upgrades
Diagrams - packaging related diagrams and sketches
WNPP - Work-Needing and Prospective Packages list packages that have been requested for packaging, or need a new maintainer
From Debian Women
https://feeding.cloud.geek.nz/posts/whats-in-a-debian-directory/ - What's in a debian/ directory
https://github.com/dod38fr/config-model/wiki/Managing-Debian-packages-with-cme - Managing Debian package files with cme
https://packaging.ubuntu.com/ - Ubuntu Packaging Guide
https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/apt-howto/ - APT HOWTO (Obsolete Documentation)
https://www.ibiblio.org/pub/Linux/docs/HOWTO/other-formats/html_single/Debian-Binary-Package-Building-HOWTO.html Debian Binary Package Building HOWTO (2005)
https://www.debian-administration.org/articles/336 - Rolling your own Debian packages (part 1)
http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.debian.devel.announce/997 - Autobuilding non-free packages
All pages related to packaging in Debian:
- GitPackagingSurvey/bare debian
- GitPackagingSurvey/bare debian monorepo
- GitPackagingSurvey/bare template
- GitPackagingSurvey/manually maintained applied
- GitPackagingSurvey/modified orig plus further unapplied patches