Introduction to Debian Packaging
First read the excellent Introduction to Debian Packaging.
There is another interesting document on how to package for Debian
There is also an intresting package : packaging-tutorial
When you seriously think about packaging as new comer to Debian, please consider to read:
the Debian New Maintainers' Guide -- tutorial for simple package
Debian Policy -- guiding rules
Developers Reference -- advanced guide etc.
Please note some Ubuntu resources may be quite useful too.
the packaging guide at https://wiki.ubuntu.com/PackagingGuide/
Building debian packages
To make sure that a debian package meets all build dependencies and is not influenced by anything specific to the user's environment, packages should be built in a chroot environment. Tools like pbuilder can be used for this.
When working on a package, a faster rebuild can be done with 'debuild'. But then, all build-dependencies must be satisfied in the installation where the package is built. All necessary packages can be installA very basic introduction to create an ?empty package or a package with ?just a pdf file ed automatically with apt-get build-dep. A complete example for building the foo package looks like this:
$ apt-get source foo $ cd foo-0.0.1 $ sudo apt-get build-dep foo $ debuild -i -us -uc -b
This is usually enough for you to backport packages.
http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-debpkg.html : creating debian packages - high-level description of debian packaging .
http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/prospective : requested packages, and packages being worked on.
http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/336 Rolling your own debian packages.
PackageConfigUpgrade : propose a new way to smoothly handle configuration upgrades during package upgrades
?Making Multiple Packages From A Single Source Tarball
rpm - Tool for extracting from RPM source tarballs
Autobuilding non-free packages: http://article.gmane.org/gmane.linux.debian.devel.announce/997