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 * [[tasksel]] – Tool for selecting tasks for installation on Debian systems

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Package Management Tools

The are several tools available on a Debian system for the management of packages and the package database. This is just a list of the commands related to the topic, to access complete information on the options and arguments used in each command, use the manpages.

A more complete list of tools may be obtained by installing the debtags package and typing:

aptitude search '~Gadmin::package-management~Gsuite::debian'

Tools for everyday use

  • synaptic - Graphical package manager (default for Gnome).

  • ?kpackage - KDE Debian Package Manager (default for KDE).

  • aptitude - Terminal-based apt frontend (ncurses interface).

  • Wajig - Wajig is a wrapper tool for apt-get, dpkg, apt-cache, wget, and others

  • PackageKit - Distro-agnostic frontend under developement

  • gdebi - graphical frontend for Gnome which integrates with nautilus.

Tools for advanced use

  • apt - Advanced package tool
  • apt-key - This tool is used for managing package authentication keys
  • dpkg - This is the main utility program that handles installation and removal of packages. All other tools are frontends for dpkg, and many users rarely use this tool directly.

  • apt-get - Used to organize the installation of packages (dpkg does the actual installing, apt-get handles dependencies, etc).

  • apt-cache - Used to search the contents of the entire package database in the sources list (as opposed to dpkg searches, which only search the contents of installed packages).
  • dpkg-deb - This tool is used to pack, unpack and provides information about package files.
  • dpkg-divert - A tool for installing a package in a non-default location
  • dpkg-query - A tool for querying the package database
  • dpkg-statoverride - A tool for overriding modes and ownerships of files
  • apt-file - This tool searches for a filename installed by any package in the contents of sources.list.
  • apt-listchanges - This tool displays the relevant changelog entries whenever a package is upgraded.
  • ?apt-build - Used to build packages from the source files

  • apt-cdrom-setup - This tool allows cdrom based sources to be included in the package sources list.

  • apt-rdepends - This tool generates recursive dependency trees for a package.
  • apt-spy - This tool is used to generate a sources.list file from the current list of mirrors, based on latency/bandwidth.
  • apt-show-versions - shows all available versions of a package (allows wildcards), or all packages, and displays upgrade information where applicable.
  • dpkg-reconfigure - Allows a package to be reconfigured based on preferences (the same questions that are asked when the package is first installed).
  • apt-show-source - This is a variant of "apt-cache show" that shows information against the named source package, rather than the binary package.
  • apt-listbugs - This tool shows known critical bugs in named packages.
  • apt-config - This program is used by the other apt utilities to provide a standard interface to the apt configuration settings.
  • apt-sortpkgs - Sorts records and fields within the sources and packages files.
  • apt-extracttemplates - Extracts templates and install scripts from packages.
  • apt-setup - This tool configures the sources.list file.
  • apt-offline - Offline Package Management
  • auto-apt - This tool checks the file access of programs running within its environments, and automatically installs packages if a program tries to access a file known to belong in an uninstalled package.
  • deborphan - This tool scans the package database for unused or redundant packages||

  • dpkg-www - Debian package management web interface - browse Debian packages on a local or remote host using a normal web browser.

  • apt-xapian-index - a tool to maintain a Xapian index of Debian package information and a command line search tool that uses the index.

apt-utils

apt-utils contains some less used commandline utilities related to package management with APT.

  • apt-ftparchive - create Packages and other index files needed to publish an archive of Debian packages

devscripts

devscripts provides several scripts to make the life of a Debian Package maintainer easier

  • debuild - This tool is used for rebuilding packages

dpkg-dev

dpkg-dev provides the development tools (including dpkg-source) required to unpack, build and upload Debian source packages.

  • dpkg-scanpackages - create Apt Packages index files from binary packages
  • dpkg-scansources - create Debian source index files from .dsc files

Tools for managing a package repository

  • apt-cacher - This is an alternative tool to apt-proxy.
  • apt-proxy - This is a specialized proxy server for accessing apt repositories. This can be used on a network to get packages from a central server that only downloads from the mirrors once.
  • apt-proxy-import - Imports packages into a cache used by apt-proxy.
  • apt-ftparchive - generates, from a directory of packages, the Packages and Sources control files used for an apt repository.
  • apt-move - Moves a collection of Debian packages into a proper pool directory hierarchy as used by a package repository.
  • apt-transport-https - Allows apt to be configured to use https

Alternative tools

  • gdpm - Gnome Debian Package Manager (in development).
  • gnome-apt - Gnome Advanced Package Tool (in development).
  • pdbv - A tool for creating an xhtml view of the package database.
  • dselect - Deprecated: superseded by aptitude

  • tasksel – Tool for selecting tasks for installation on Debian systems


CategoryPackageManagement | ?CategoryQuickPackageManagement