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~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[de/PDF|Deutsch]] - [[PDF|English]] - [[fr/PDF|Français]] - [[it/PDF|Italiano]] - [[ru/PDF|Русский]] -~ ~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: [[de/PDF|Deutsch]] - [[PDF|English]] - [[fr/PDF|Français]] - [[it/PDF|Italiano]] - [[ru/PDF|Русский]] - [[uk/PDF|Українська]] -~

Translation(s): Deutsch - English - Français - Italiano - Русский - Українська

Portable Document Format (PDF) , see PDF on Wikipedia.

PDF Viewers / Readers

Debian has multiple PDF viewers packaged, including:

  • atril - for MATE desktop

  • evince - for GNOME desktop

  • mupdf - for any X window manager (no extra features)

  • okular - for KDE 4/Plasma 5 desktop

  • qpdfview - tabbed document viewer - QT

  • viewpdf.app - for GNUstep environment

  • xpdf - for advanced features other X window managers (no extra features)

  • zathura - zathura is a document viewer with a minimalistic and space saving interface.

There are other PDF viewers available in Debian.

Adobe Acrobat Reader (Non-Free)

/!\ Adobe discontinued support for Acrobat Reader on Linux in 2013, so the only version that is available for Linux contains critical security vulnerabilities and should not be used. The Wine tool can be used to run Adobe Acrobat Reader DC for Windows on Linux.

Insecure obsolete Linux version

If you really need the insecure obsolete Linux version of Adobe's Acrobat Reader, which is non-free, it is available from ftp.adobe.com or the deb-multimedia.org repository.

/!\ installing the .deb from ftp.adobe.com does not work with amd64/jessie due to a libgtk dependency error

Note that Adobe Acrobat requires the i386 architecture. If you are running on a non-i386 system, you will need to add i386 architecture support.

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 

For Squeeze, add the following lines to /etc/apt/sources.list (see SourcesList):

# deb-multimedia (unofficial): Debian 6.0 (Squeeze)
deb http://www.deb-multimedia.org squeeze main non-free

This repository isn't "official" but it works and has some otherwise unavailable packages.

After this, type in a terminal:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install acroread mozilla-acroread 

In Firefox, you can type in:


and check that the plugin is recognized:

  • File name nppdf.so
    • application/pdf Portable Document Format pdf
    • application/vnd.fdf Acrobat Forms Data Format fdf
    • application/vnd.adobe.xfdf XML Version of Acrobat Forms Data Format xfdf
    • application/vnd.adobe.xdp+xml Acrobat XML Data Package xdp
    • application/vnd.adobe.xfd+xml Adobe FormFlow99 Data File xfd

/!\ To install acroread-plugin, you have to un-install the xine-ui package and vice-versa.

Annotation tools

Unlike editors, annotation tool can only add text, images and notes without changing existing contents.

  • xournal - a note-taking tool with the ability to annotate PDFs

Editors / Generators

  • cups-pdf is a virtual printer that can generate a PDF from any application

  • gimp automatically convert the imported PDF as bitmap

  • gscan2pdf - A GUI to produce PDFs from scanned documents

  • inkscape can import, edit and export PDF (more on inkscape.org)

  • libreoffice can edit PDF and export it in this format using Libreoffice Draw.

  • pdfedit was an editor for manipulating PDF documents; it is no longer available in debian

  • pdftk is a command line editor for manipulating PDF documents

  • php-fpdf - FPDF is a PHP class which allows to generate PDF files with PHP

Other Tools

  • chm2pdf - Converts CHM files into PDF files

  • htmldoc - HTML processor that generates indexed HTML, PS, and PDF

  • qpdf - tools for transforming and inspecting PDF files

  • pdf2svg - converts PDF documents to SVG files (one per page)

  • pdfmod - can rotate, extract, remove and reorder pages from multiple documents via drag and drop; edit the title, subject, author and keywords

  • pdfsam - PDF Split and Merge is a very simple, easy to use, free, open source utility to split and merge pdf files (simple graphical interface).

  • pdfshuffler is a tool for shuffling the pages within PDF documents and merging PDF documents

  • poppler-utils - Portable Document Format (PDF) suite -- utilities

  • rst2pdf - reStructuredText to PDF renderer

See Also

CategorySoftware | CategoryOfficeApplication