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Revision 89 as of 2007-01-23 13:00:46
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Revision 90 as of 2007-01-23 13:02:01
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       * 2.4 kernels are only supported for upgrade from sarge. Users should install a 2.6 kernel after (or before) the upgrade.
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 * 2.4 kernels are only supported for upgrade from sarge. Users should install a 2.6 kernel after (or before) the upgrade.

New Features and other interesting stuff in Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 "Etch"

A list of more technical issues regarding the upgrade from Sarge to Etch is available at Sarge2EtchUpgrade. The [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/errata Errata] page for the [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ installer] may also be of interest to those who've installed Sarge and now want to try Etch.

New Features

  • SecureApt (apt-key, gui-apt-key, debian-archive-keyring)

    • apt-get update -o Acquire::PDiffs=false
    • apt.conf.d & sources.list.d

    • -t release works on all actions e.g. source and build-dep
  • ["DDTP"] (translated package descriptions) out of the box?
    • nota bene: doesn't seem so, you'll need sid and ftp.de.debian.org for it to work
  • installer:
    • integration of base-config functionality into the installer
    • graphical installer
      • new languages through bidi support?BRIncorrect. The newt frontend has bidi support too (and thus supports e.g. arabic and hebrew); new languages are courtesy of support for composed characters (fjp). The usual way to mention these new languages we now support (Indic, Tibetan, Khmer, Thai scripts...) is complex languages. This is the terminology used in OOo (well, in OOo, this includes bidi also (bubulle)

    • encrypted partitions
  • "default desktop environment" improvements
    • update notification (using update-notifier)
    • local deb install (using gdebi)
    • printing support
    • scanner support (post beta-3 stuff)
    • better artwork (being discussed now)
      • nota bene: Installation left me with GNOME and a blank desktop, i.e. no wallpaper/background and no such one could be selected in the menu
    • instant messaging (using gaim)
    • partition management (using gparted) and more.
  • UTF-8 environment by default on new installs
  • udev by default on new installs
  • debtags in the Packages file; debtags smartsearch
  • pcmciautils replaces pcmcia-cs
  • RubyGems, a package management framework

  • ...

New introduced Packages

(Just the most important ones.)

  • [http://wiki.ltsp.org/twiki/bin/view/Ltsp/Ltsp5 Linux Terminal Server Project] (LTSP) (ltsp-server can be used to build an LTSP environment out of debian packages, rather than install foreign LTSP binaries)

  • Nexuiz ;)

  • xen and vserver kernel variants (no more patching)
  • Eclipse in main (not yet)
  • Tomcat 5 in main (no more in contrib)
  • Mono (1.2.2.1)
  • TeX Live distribution (+350MB, yay)
  • SER (SIP Express Router) and OpenSER, for advanced VoIP architectures
  • ["Compiz"]
  • SIL fonts e.g. Gentium, in main
  • p7zip, p7zip-full, lzma
  • Manufacturer provided PPD files for ?PostScript printers: linuxprinting.org-ppds, hp-ppd

  • erlang (the Ericsson programming language) providing ejabberd (the most featureful open source Jabber/XMMP server), yaws (a high performance webserver), wings3d (a polygon mesh modeller) and manderlbot (an IRC bot)

Updated Packages

(Just the most important ones.)

Note: A good way to obtain that information is by looking it up in Distrowatch: http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=debian (it might not be totally updated, though)

Desktop

  • OpenOffice.org 2.0.4

    • nota bene: splitted packages; you don't need to install everything, if you just need OpenOffice.org writer

  • KDE 3.5.5a
  • GNOME 2.14.3.3 (with cherries from 2.16)
  • Xfce 4.4
  • X.org 7.1
    • nota bene: Brings not only new drivers, but also modularised packages (and with that no mega downloads for security fixes)
    • Includes AIGLX, allowing accelerated compositing used by compiz
  • Firefox 2.0.0.1
  • Thunderbird 1.5
    • nota bene: Due to tradmark issues, neither firefox nor thunderbird are currently shipped with those names - see 'Renamed and replaced packages'
  • Beagle
  • Banshee
  • F-Spot

Server

  • PHP 5.2.0
  • MySQL 5.0.30
  • Asterisk 1.2
  • Apache 2.2
  • OTRS 2.0.4 (in package otrs2)
  • PostgreSQL 8.1 including Slony and PostGIS
  • XSP / mod_mono 1.2.2

System

  • Linux Kernel 2.6.18 (i386 and amd64 smp runtime support, i386 bigmem image for up to 64 GB memory)
  • GCC 4.1 as default compiler
  • libc 2.3.6
    • support for 2.2 kernels has been dropped (except for m68k). libc will refuse to be installed on 2.2 kernels, the solution is to install a 2.4 (or a 2.6) kernel before the upgrade.
  • initramfs-tools early userspace (works with SATA, USB, RAID, LVM NFS, cryptoroot, ..)
  • mdadm 2.5.x: now requires an mdadm.conf file.
  • sun-java5
  • NFSv4 support (optionally with Kerberos) for both client and server

internal changes

What changed between the release of Sarge and the upcoming release of Etch, which might be interesting for users, even if it didn't effect them directly.

  • New python policy (see DebianPython/NewPolicy)

    • Python 2.4
  • New policy for web applications
  • New policy for Java packages
  • New policies for packaging Mono, other CLRs and CLI based applications and libraries
  • Updated menu policy
  • New policy for dictionaries and stuff
  • mirror split
  • AMD64 arch (see ["DebianAMD64"])
  • LSB 3.1 (see DebianLsb)

  • FHS: Documentation under /usr/share/doc (no /usr/doc anymore)
  • ..
  • internal development:
    • linux-2.6 common package builds linux-images
      • conglomeration packages for the most common oot-modules are in place: users are not requiring to build them anymore when using Debian kernel images.
  • Many packages with desktop files
  • Better support for DRI
  • [http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/12/msg00006.html many more cd-sets] available for download

Removed packages

  • 2.4 kernels are only supported for upgrade from sarge. Users should install a 2.6 kernel after (or before) the upgrade.
  • xfonts-base-transcoded (Etch is the first fully UTF-8 Debian release, so there's no version of xfonts-base with legacy encodings anymore)
  • Mozilla (iceape as a replacement)
  • ladspa-plugins (contents merged into ladspa-plugin)

(Might be mostly interesting for the release-notes? Some way to autogenerate such a list? ask tbm?)

Renamed and replaced packages

  • kernel-image-* has been renamed to linux-image-*
  • mozilla-firefox* packages renamed iceweasel*
  • mozilla-firefox-locale-* packages renamed iceweasel-l10n-*
  • mozilla-thunderbird* packages renamed icedove*
  • mozilla renamed to seamonmkey renamed to iceape
  • cdrecord replaced by wodim
  • cdrtools (cdrecord et.al); replaced by cdrkit
  • cdrtools-doc replaced by cdrkit-doc
  • cdda2wav replaced by icedax (both available)
  • gimpprint renamed gutenprint
    • cupsys-driver-gimpprint renamed cupsys-driver-gutenprint
    • gimpprint-doc renamed gutenprint-doc
    • gimpprint-locales renamed gutenprint-locales
  • MultiSync libraries renamed OpenSync

    • libmultisync-plugin-evolution renamed opensync-plugin-evolution
    • libmultisync-plugin-irmc and libmultisync-plugin-irmc-bluetooth renamed opensync-plugin-irmc
    • libmultisync-plugin-palm renamed opensync-plugin-palm
    • libmultisync-plugin-syncml renamed opensync-plugin-syncml

Split packages

  • openoffice.org-gtk became openoffice.org-gnome and openoffice.org-gtk
  • ssh became openssh-client and openssh-server