Differences between revisions 1 and 126 (spanning 125 versions)
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= New Features and other interesting stuff in Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 "etch" = ## page was renamed from NewInEtch
== Traducciones==
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  * [:NewInEtchGerman:NewInEtch]: Deutsch
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== internal changes == = Nuevas características y otros aspectos de Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 "Etch" =
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What changed between the release of Sarge and the upcoming release of Etch, which might be interesting for users, even if it didn't effect them direcetly. ## (Is this the same as Sarge2EtchUpgrade? I think not, but there is certainly some overlap.)
## Tolimar: No, it isn't. Sarge2EtchUpgrade concentrates on technical stuff done during upgrades; this page is more intended as a quick overview, not only limited to technical things.
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 * New python policy
 * mirror split
 * AMD64 arch
Una lista de asuntos más técnicos sobre la migración de Sarge para Etch está disponible en Sarge2EtchUpgrade.
La página de [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/errata Errata] para el [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ instalador] puede ser de interés para aquellos que han instalado Sarge y ahora quiere instalar Etch.
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== New Features == == Nuevas características ==
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 * apt-key and all that
 * installer:
  * graphical installer
    * new languages through bidi support
  * encrypted partitions
 * apt:
   * SecureApt ({{{apt-key}}}, {{{gui-apt-key}}}, {{{debian-archive-keyring}}})
   * {{{apt-get update -o Acquire::PDiffs=false}}}
   * {{{apt.conf.d}}} y {{{sources.list.d}}}
   * {{{-t release}}} trabaja sobre todas las acciones e.g. {{{source}}} y {{{build-dep}}}
 * instalador:
   * Integración de la funcionalidad de{{{base-config}}} dentro del instalador
   * Instalador Gráfico
     * soporta scripts con caracteres compuestos (algunas veces llamado ''lenguaje complejo''): Indic, Tibetan, Khmer, Thai
   * particiones encriptadas
 * mejoras en el "ambiente de escritorio por defecto"
   * notificación de actualización (usando {{{update-notifier}}})
   * instalación local de deb (usando {{{gdebi}}})
   * soporte de impresión
   * soporte de scanner
   * mejor trabajo artístico
   * mensajería instantánea (usando {{{gaim}}})
   * administración de particiones (usando {{{gparted}}})
   * ... y más.
 * Ambiente UTF-8 por defecto para nuevas instalaciones.
 * ["udev"] por defecto en nuevas instalaciones
 * DebTags en los ficheros de paquetes; {{{debtags smartsearch}}}
 * {{{pcmciautils}}} remmplaza {{{pcmcia-cs}}}
 * Ruby``Gems, un paquete de administración de la plataforma
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 * [http://wiki.ltsp.org/twiki/bin/view/Ltsp/Ltsp5 Linux Terminal Server Project] (LTSP) (ltsp-server can be used to build an LTSP environment out of debian packages, rather than install foreign LTSP binaries)
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 * ["Xen"] and [wiki:LinuxVserver vserver] kernel variants (no more patching)
 * Eclipse in main
 * Tomcat 5 in main (no more in contrib)
 * ["Mono"] (1.2.2.1)
 * TeX Live distribution (+350MB, yay)
 * SER (SIP Express Router) and OpenSER, for advanced VoIP architectures
 * ["Compiz"]
 * SIL fonts e.g. Gentium, in main
 * p7zip, p7zip-full
 * Manufacturer provided PPD files for PostScript printers: {{{linuxprinting.org-ppds}}}, {{{hp-ppd}}}
 * {{{erlang}}} (the Ericsson programming language) providing {{{ejabberd}}} (the most featureful open source Jabber/XMMP server), {{{yaws}}} (a high performance webserver), {{{wings3d}}} (a polygon mesh modeller) and manderlbot (an IRC bot)
 * Sun Java 5.0 - {{{sun-java5-bin}}}, {{{sun-java5-demo}}}, {{{sun-java5-doc}}}, {{{sun-java5-fonts}}}, {{{sun-java5-jdk}}}, {{{sun-java5-jre}}}, {{{sun-java5-plugin}}}, {{{sun-java5-source}}} (''non-free'')
 * OpenSync (update of Multisync) with packages {{{multisync0.90}}} and {{{multisync-tools}}} and associated OpenSync library, utilities and plugins
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 * OpenOffice.org 2.0.3
  * nota bene: splitted packages; you don't need to install everything, if you just need OpenOffice.org writer
 * KDE 3.5.3 (3.5.4 in sid will probably make it to etch, too)
 * GNOme 2.12.3 (2.14.2.1 in sid will probably be released with etch, too)
 * ...
 * Linux Kernel 2.6.17 (?)
 * X.org 7.x
  * nota bene: Brings not only new drivers, but also modularized packages (and with that no mega downloads when a security update is releases)
Note: A good way to obtain that information is by looking it up in Distrowatch:
http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=debian (it might not be totally updated, though)

=== Desktop ===

 * !OpenOffice.org 2.0.4
  * nota bene: splitted packages; you don't need to install everything, if you just need !OpenOffice.org writer
 * KDE 3.5.5a
 * GNOME 2.14 (with cherries from 2.16)
 * Xfce 4.4
 * X.org 7.1
  * nota bene: Brings not only new drivers, but also modularised packages (and with that no mega downloads for security fixes)
  * Includes AIGLX, allowing accelerated compositing used by {{{compiz}}}
 * Firefox 2.0.0.3
 * Thunderbird 1.5
   * nota bene: Due to tradmark issues, neither Firefox nor Thunderbird are currently shipped with those names - see 'Renamed and replaced packages'
 * Beagle
 * Banshee
 * F-Spot

=== Server ===

 * Apache 2.2
 * Asterisk 1.2
 * MySQL 5.0.32
 * OTRS 2.0.4 (in package otrs2)
 * PHP 5.2.0
 * Postfix 2.3.6
 * PostgreSQL 8.1 including Slony and PostGIS
 * XSP / mod_mono 1.2.2

=== System ===

 * Linux Kernel 2.6.18
   * i386 and amd64 smp runtime support
   * i386 bigmem image for up to 64 GB memory
 * GCC 4.1 as default compiler
 * libc 2.3.6
   * support for 2.2 kernels has been dropped. {{{libc}}} will refuse to be installed on 2.2 kernels, the solution is to install a 2.4 (or a 2.6) kernel before the upgrade.
 * udev 105 (/dev/ and hotplug management daemon replaces the old hotplug scripts)
 * initramfs-tools early userspace (works with SATA, USB, RAID, LVM NFS, cryptoroot, ..)
 * mdadm 2.5.x: now requires an {{{mdadm.conf}}} file.
 * NFSv4 support (optionally with Kerberos) for both client and server

== internal changes ==

What changed between the release of Sarge and the upcoming release of Etch, which might be interesting for users, even if it didn't effect them directly.

 * New python policy (see DebianPython/NewPolicy)
   * Python 2.4
 * New policy for web applications
 * New policy for Java packages
 * New policies for packaging Mono, other CLRs and CLI based applications and libraries
 * New policy for dictionaries and stuff
 * Updated menu policy
 * mirror split
 * AMD64 arch (see ["DebianAMD64"])
 * LSB 3.1 (see DebianLsb)
 * FHS: Documentation under /usr/share/doc (no /usr/doc anymore)
 * linux-2.6 common package builds linux-images
   * conglomeration packages for the most common oot-modules are in place: users are not requiring to build them anymore when using Debian kernel images.
 * Many packages with desktop files
 * Better support for DRI
 * Common framework for database configuration when installing packages ({{{dbconfig-common}}}).
   This gives the admin a consistent interface for setting up packages which need database
   access in order to work.
 * [http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/12/msg00006.html many more cd-sets] available for download
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== removed packages ==
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(Might be mostly interesting for the release-notes? Some way to autogenerate such a list?) == Removed packages ==
 * 2.4 kernels are only supported for upgrade from sarge. Users should install a 2.6 kernel after (or before) the upgrade (please see the [http://www.debian.org/releases/etch/releasenotes release notes] on that).
 * {{{xfonts-base-transcoded}}} (Etch is the first fully UTF-8 Debian release, so there's no version of xfonts-base with legacy encodings anymore)
 * Mozilla, Firefox and Thunderbird ({{{iceape}}}, {{{xulrunner}}}, {{{iceweasel}}} and {{{icedove}}} as replacements; see below)
 * {{{webmin}}} and {{{usermin}}} (see bug [http://bugs.debian.org/343897 343897])
 * {{{eGroupWare}}} ([http://www.mail-archive.com/debian-release@lists.debian.org/msg15266.html see this discussion])
 * {{{ladspa-plugins}}} (contents merged into {{{ladspa-plugin}}})
 * {{{latex-xft-fonts}}} (see bug [http://bugs.debian.org/402148 402148])
 * {{{libc5}}} ([http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel/2005/09/msg00156.html see thread])

== Renamed and replaced packages ==

 * {{{kernel-image-*}}} packages renamed to {{{linux-image-*}}}
 * {{{mozilla-firefox*}}} packages renamed to {{{iceweasel*}}}
 * {{{mozilla-firefox-locale-*}}} packages renamed to {{{iceweasel-l10n-*}}}
 * {{{mozilla-thunderbird*}}} packages renamed to {{{icedove*}}}
 * {{{mozilla}}} renamed to seamonkey then renamed to {{{iceape}}}
 * {{{ethereal}}} renamed {{{wireshark}}}
 * cdrtools (cdrecord et.al) replaced by cdrkit
   * {{{cdrecord}}} replaced by {{{wodim}}}
   * {{{cdrtools-doc}}} replaced by {{{cdrkit-doc}}}
   * {{{cdda2wav}}} replaced by {{{icedax}}}
   * {{{mkisofs}}} replaced by {{{genisoimage}}}

 * gimpprint renamed gutenprint
  * {{{cupsys-driver-gimpprint}}} renamed to {{{cupsys-driver-gutenprint}}}
  * {{{gimpprint-doc}}} renamed to {{{gutenprint-doc}}}
  * {{{gimpprint-locales}}} renamed to {{{gutenprint-locales}}}

 * {{{xserver-xfree86}}} replaced by {{{xserver-xorg}}} (a dummy still exists)

== Split packages ==

 * {{{openoffice.org-gtk}}} became {{{openoffice.org-gnome}}} and {{{openoffice.org-gtk}}}
 * {{{ssh}}} became {{{openssh-client}}} and {{{openssh-server}}}

== Traducciones==

  • [:NewInEtchGerman:NewInEtch]: Deutsch

Nuevas características y otros aspectos de Debian GNU/Linux 4.0 "Etch"

Una lista de asuntos más técnicos sobre la migración de Sarge para Etch está disponible en Sarge2EtchUpgrade. La página de [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/errata Errata] para el [http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/ instalador] puede ser de interés para aquellos que han instalado Sarge y ahora quiere instalar Etch.

Nuevas características

  • apt:
    • SecureApt (apt-key, gui-apt-key, debian-archive-keyring)

    • apt-get update -o Acquire::PDiffs=false

    • apt.conf.d y sources.list.d

    • -t release trabaja sobre todas las acciones e.g. source y build-dep

  • instalador:
    • Integración de la funcionalidad debase-config dentro del instalador

    • Instalador Gráfico
      • soporta scripts con caracteres compuestos (algunas veces llamado lenguaje complejo): Indic, Tibetan, Khmer, Thai

    • particiones encriptadas
  • mejoras en el "ambiente de escritorio por defecto"
    • notificación de actualización (usando update-notifier)

    • instalación local de deb (usando gdebi)

    • soporte de impresión
    • soporte de scanner
    • mejor trabajo artístico
    • mensajería instantánea (usando gaim)

    • administración de particiones (usando gparted)

    • ... y más.
  • Ambiente UTF-8 por defecto para nuevas instalaciones.
  • ["udev"] por defecto en nuevas instalaciones
  • ?DebTags en los ficheros de paquetes; debtags smartsearch

  • pcmciautils remmplaza pcmcia-cs

  • RubyGems, un paquete de administración de la plataforma

  • ...

New introduced Packages

(Just the most important ones.)

  • [http://wiki.ltsp.org/twiki/bin/view/Ltsp/Ltsp5 Linux Terminal Server Project] (LTSP) (ltsp-server can be used to build an LTSP environment out of debian packages, rather than install foreign LTSP binaries)

  • Nexuiz ;)

  • ["Xen"] and [wiki:?LinuxVserver vserver] kernel variants (no more patching)

  • Eclipse in main
  • Tomcat 5 in main (no more in contrib)
  • ["Mono"] (1.2.2.1)
  • TeX Live distribution (+350MB, yay)
  • SER (SIP Express Router) and OpenSER, for advanced VoIP architectures
  • ["Compiz"]
  • SIL fonts e.g. Gentium, in main
  • p7zip, p7zip-full
  • Manufacturer provided PPD files for ?PostScript printers: linuxprinting.org-ppds, hp-ppd

  • erlang (the Ericsson programming language) providing ejabberd (the most featureful open source Jabber/XMMP server), yaws (a high performance webserver), wings3d (a polygon mesh modeller) and manderlbot (an IRC bot)

  • Sun Java 5.0 - sun-java5-bin, sun-java5-demo, sun-java5-doc, sun-java5-fonts, sun-java5-jdk, sun-java5-jre, sun-java5-plugin, sun-java5-source (non-free)

  • ?OpenSync (update of Multisync) with packages multisync0.90 and multisync-tools and associated ?OpenSync library, utilities and plugins

Updated Packages

(Just the most important ones.)

Note: A good way to obtain that information is by looking it up in Distrowatch: http://distrowatch.com/table.php?distribution=debian (it might not be totally updated, though)

Desktop

  • OpenOffice.org 2.0.4

    • nota bene: splitted packages; you don't need to install everything, if you just need OpenOffice.org writer

  • KDE 3.5.5a
  • GNOME 2.14 (with cherries from 2.16)
  • Xfce 4.4
  • X.org 7.1
    • nota bene: Brings not only new drivers, but also modularised packages (and with that no mega downloads for security fixes)
    • Includes AIGLX, allowing accelerated compositing used by compiz

  • Firefox 2.0.0.3
  • Thunderbird 1.5
    • nota bene: Due to tradmark issues, neither Firefox nor Thunderbird are currently shipped with those names - see 'Renamed and replaced packages'
  • Beagle
  • Banshee
  • F-Spot

Server

  • Apache 2.2
  • Asterisk 1.2
  • MySQL 5.0.32
  • OTRS 2.0.4 (in package otrs2)
  • PHP 5.2.0
  • Postfix 2.3.6
  • PostgreSQL 8.1 including Slony and PostGIS
  • XSP / mod_mono 1.2.2

System

  • Linux Kernel 2.6.18
    • i386 and amd64 smp runtime support
    • i386 bigmem image for up to 64 GB memory
  • GCC 4.1 as default compiler
  • libc 2.3.6
    • support for 2.2 kernels has been dropped. libc will refuse to be installed on 2.2 kernels, the solution is to install a 2.4 (or a 2.6) kernel before the upgrade.

  • udev 105 (/dev/ and hotplug management daemon replaces the old hotplug scripts)
  • initramfs-tools early userspace (works with SATA, USB, RAID, LVM NFS, cryptoroot, ..)
  • mdadm 2.5.x: now requires an mdadm.conf file.

  • NFSv4 support (optionally with Kerberos) for both client and server

internal changes

What changed between the release of Sarge and the upcoming release of Etch, which might be interesting for users, even if it didn't effect them directly.

  • New python policy (see DebianPython/NewPolicy)

    • Python 2.4
  • New policy for web applications
  • New policy for Java packages
  • New policies for packaging Mono, other CLRs and CLI based applications and libraries
  • New policy for dictionaries and stuff
  • Updated menu policy
  • mirror split
  • AMD64 arch (see ["DebianAMD64"])
  • LSB 3.1 (see DebianLsb)

  • FHS: Documentation under /usr/share/doc (no /usr/doc anymore)
  • linux-2.6 common package builds linux-images
    • conglomeration packages for the most common oot-modules are in place: users are not requiring to build them anymore when using Debian kernel images.
  • Many packages with desktop files
  • Better support for DRI
  • Common framework for database configuration when installing packages (dbconfig-common).

    • This gives the admin a consistent interface for setting up packages which need database access in order to work.
  • [http://lists.debian.org/debian-devel-announce/2006/12/msg00006.html many more cd-sets] available for download

Removed packages

Renamed and replaced packages

  • kernel-image-* packages renamed to linux-image-*

  • mozilla-firefox* packages renamed to iceweasel*

  • mozilla-firefox-locale-* packages renamed to iceweasel-l10n-*

  • mozilla-thunderbird* packages renamed to icedove*

  • mozilla renamed to seamonkey then renamed to iceape

  • ethereal renamed wireshark

  • cdrtools (cdrecord et.al) replaced by cdrkit
    • cdrecord replaced by wodim

    • cdrtools-doc replaced by cdrkit-doc

    • cdda2wav replaced by icedax

    • mkisofs replaced by genisoimage

  • gimpprint renamed gutenprint
    • cupsys-driver-gimpprint renamed to cupsys-driver-gutenprint

    • gimpprint-doc renamed to gutenprint-doc

    • gimpprint-locales renamed to gutenprint-locales

  • xserver-xfree86 replaced by xserver-xorg (a dummy still exists)

Split packages

  • openoffice.org-gtk became openoffice.org-gnome and openoffice.org-gtk

  • ssh became openssh-client and openssh-server