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## page was renamed from 3G modem
#language en
##
## hints for wiki contributors about 3G modem:
## - write hints/guidelines here.
##
## Remember, it's important (for search engines) that title actually
## contains words relevant to the page content. ("introduction" don't help)
##
||<tablestyle="width: 100%;" style="border: 0px hidden">~-[[DebianWiki/EditorGuide#translation|Translation(s)]]: English - [[it/Modem/3G|Italiano]]-~||<style="text-align: right;border: 0px hidden"> (!) [[/Discussion|Discussion]]||
(!) '''Attachments no longer exist, the guide is to be considered incomplete.'''
----
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 * Novatel U630  * Novatel Merlin U630
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 * [[NokiaN80|Nokia N80]] (with a nice How-To [[UseYourCellPhoneAsModem]])
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 * Huawei E620
 * ["Huawei E220"]
 * Huawei/E620
 * [[Huawei/E176]]
* [[Huawei/E220]]
 * !BandLuxe C100
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You need to download the new wvdial.conf for the ["HSDPA"] stuff to work !!! ## If your page gets really long, uncomment this Table of Contents
<<TableOfContents(2)>>
= Installation =
You need to download the new wvdial.conf for the HSDPA stuff to work !!!
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This was originally written for Gentoo Linux which compiles everything from source. As a result of things might be a bit different but we can work around it. Firstly, we need to get Linux to detect your card, start your PCMCIA services - normally this can be done using (most distros do this for you): This was originally written for Gentoo Linux which compiles everything from source. As a result of things might be a bit different, but we can work around it. Firstly, we need to get Linux to detect your card, start your PCMCIA services - normally this can be done using (most distros do this for you):

Before you insert your card, open a console/switch to an open console and as root run the following :
{{{
invoke-rc.d pcmciautils start
}}}
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Code:
/etc/init.d/pcmcia startBefore you insert your card, open a console/switch to an open console and as root run the following
This will allow you to "see" what Linux is doing :
{{{
tail -f /var/log/messages
}}}
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Right, now insert your card and you should see some stuff happening. I have included log traces of what the two cards "look" like under {{{/var/log/messages}}} in the attachment section.
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Code:
tail -f /var/log/messagesThis will allow you to "see" what Linux is doing
If you see only the {{attachment:option_insert_nousb.txt}} messages using an option card run the following command:
{{{
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x0af0 product=0x5000
}}}
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Right, now insert your card and you should see some stuff happening. I have included log traces of what the two cards "look" like under /var/log/messages in the attachment section. If you had to run the above command, you will need to save the [[attachment:vmc_g]] file attached into {{{/etc/modules.d}}}.
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If you see only the option_insert_nousb.txt messages using an option card run the following command: Now we need to find out where your card is - you will see in the messages where the card is - {{{/dev/ttyS*}}} for Novatel or {{{/dev/ttyUSB*}}} for Option:
{{{
find /dev/ | grep ttyS
}}}
Should show {{{/dev/ttyS0}}} or {{{/dev/ttyS1}}} for a Novatel Card.
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{{{
find /dev/ | grep ttyUSB
}}}
Should show {{{/dev/ttyUSB0}}} and USB1 and USB2 for an Option Card. (or {{{/dev/tts/ttyUSB0-2}}} for udev)
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Code:
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x0af0 product=0x5000If you had to run the above command, you will need to save the vmc_g file attached into /etc/modules.d
Once we found that, we need to change {{{/etc/wvdial.conf}}} to match your settings, attached is my working [[attachment:wvdial.conf]]. Now we can start dialing up
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Now we need to find out where your card is - you will see in the messages where the card is - /dev/ttyS? for novatel or /dev/ttyUSB? for option == For Novatel ==
{{{
wvdial novatel internet 3gonly 384k
}}}
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== For Option ==
{{{
wvdial option internet 3gonly 384k
}}}
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Code:
find /dev/ | grep ttySShould show /dev/ttyS0 or /dev/ttyS1 for a Novatel Card.
If you need to send your PIN, add "pin" infront of all the commands, e.g.
{{{
wvdial pin novatel internet 3gonly 384k
}}}
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Once your connection is up - surf away Now you can setup things like KPPP and Gnome's Modem Lights to do your dialing for you.
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Code:
find /dev/ | grep ttyUSBShould show /dev/ttyUSB0 and USB1 and USB2 for an Option Card. (or /dev/tts/ttyUSB0-2 for udev)

Once we found that, we need to change /etc/wvdial.conf to match your settings, attached is my working wvdial.conf. Now we can start dialing up

For Novatel:


Code:
wvdial novatel internet 3gonly 384kFor Option:


Code:
wvdial option internet 3gonly 384kIf you need to send your PIN, add "pin" infront of all the commands, e.g.


Code:
wvdial pin novatel internet 3gonly 384kOnce your connection is up - surf away Now you can setup things like KPPP and Gnome's Modem Lights to do your dialing for you.

Extra Steps for the HSDPA card:

Download the kernel module from the link below. Extract it to a directory somewhere safe. If you are *still* running the 2.4 series of kernels, you need to change the Makefile to reflect this.
== Extra Steps for the HSDPA card ==
Download the kernel module from the link below. Extract it to a directory somewhere safe.
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{{{
make clean && make
}}}
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Once this is done, run the following command to insert the module into the kernel
{{{
insmod nozomi.ko
}}}
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Code:
make clean && make
Once this is done, run the following command to insert the module into the kernel
Once you have done that, use the following command to setup the connection:
{{{
wvdia
l hsdpa
}}}
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== Extra steps for the Novatel U740 Card ==
Until I get time to update the files etc. our Novatel Linux Users out there can just type this command before using the normal dialing command:
{{{
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x1410 product=0x1400
}}}
OR
{{{
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x1410 product=0x1410
}}}
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Code:
insmod nozomi.ko (2.6 Kernel)
insmod nozomi.o (2.4 Kernel)Once you have done that, use the following command to setup the connection:
Using [[lsusb]] will show you the Vendor and Product ID's or cat {{{/proc/bus/usb/devices}}} will do the same.I will still add them into the FAQ but at least this should help for now
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This will add the USB's like the 3G Option did - am I seeing a swap here ? - so just dial {{{/dev/ttyUSB0}}} or so - check the logs
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Code:
wvdial hsdpaExtra steps for the Novatel U740 Card

Until I get time to update the files etc. our Novatel Linux Users out there can just type this command before using the normal dialing command:


Code:
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x1410 product=0x1400OR


Code:
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x1410 product=0x1410Using lsusb will show you the Vendor and Product ID's or cat /proc/bus/usb/devices will do the same.I will still add them into the FAQ but atleast this should help for now

This will add the USB's like the 3G Option did - am I seeing a swap here ? - so just dial /dev/ttyUSB0 or so - check the logs

Extra Steps for the Huawei Cards:

None really - just make sure usbserial is loaded and the card will come up on /dev/ttyUSB0 - check the logs again to confirm
== Extra Steps for the Huawei Cards ==
None really - just make sure usbserial is loaded and the card will come up on {{{/dev/ttyUSB0}}} - check the logs again to confirm
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{{{
rmmod usbserial
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x1001
}}}
I am still trying to work on the USB only card, so at the moment, I don't know if it will work under Linux.
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Code:
rmmod usbserial && modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x1001I am still trying to work on the USB only card, so at the moment, I don't know if it will work under Linux.

Huawei E220:
== Huawei E220 ==
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Code: {{{
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modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x1003 (Some have reported an ID of 0x1001 - use lsusb to confirm)After that, you will notice only one USB serial coming up, then, remove the device and re-attach it, you shouldn't need to re-insert usbserial. modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x1003
}}}
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Notes: (Some have reported an ID of 0x1001 - use lsusb to confirm) After that, you will notice only one USB serial coming up, then, remove the device and re-attach it, you shouldn't need to re-insert usbserial.
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== Notes ==
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Attachments: ##==== Attachments ====
##<<AttachList>>
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wvdial.conf
novatel_insert.txt
option_insert_nousb.txt
option_usbserial.txt
vmc_3g
Option HSDPA Driver
= FAQ =
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FAQ:

Q) How do I enable "Internet Connection Sharing"

A) Since the 2.6 kernel is main stream etc. I will only cover IPTables and Kernel 2.6. I am also assuming that ppp0 is your dialup and eth0 is your lan

Firstly - we need to add some rules to iptables - run the following commands:

iptables -F (This will CLEAR ALL RULES !!!)
 How do I enable "Internet Connection Sharing" ? :: A) Since the 2.6 kernel is main stream etc. I will only cover IPTables and Kernel 2.6. I am also assuming that ppp0 is your dialup and eth0 is your lan. <<BR>> Firstly - we need to add some rules to iptables - run the following commands:
{{{
#This will CLEAR ALL RULES !!!
iptables -F
#Enable NAT (through the ppp0 interface)
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then we need to enable routing: #then we need to enable routing:
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}}}
 :: That should do it - from here you can add rules to block incomming connections etc.
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That should do it - from here you can add rules to block incomming connections etc.  My card is broken/replies "ERROR" to all the commands :: A) You didn't send your PIN to the card - either add the "pin" command or disable the PIN on the SIM
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Q) My card is broken/replies "ERROR" to all the commands  My Novatel card is very slow - +-800 bytes per second :: A) Try running "setserial -a /dev/ttyS1 low_latency spd_warp" - replace {{{/dev/ttyS1}}} with your port <<BR>> Once you have your setserial command, insert it into {{{/etc/ppp/ip-up.local}}} - this will cause the command to be ran everytime a connection is made.
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A) You didn't send your PIN to the card - either add the "pin" command or disable the PIN on the SIM  What does all the wvdial sections do/mean ? ::
 * Defaults - What to do if nothing is selected (Always included)
 * pin - send your pin to the card
 * novatel - select the novatel card
 * option - select the option card
 * hsdpa - Option HSDPA card
 * e1000 - select the E1000 via USB
 * onboard - select the onboard modem of my notebook
 * internet - select the internet APN
 * internetvpn - select the internetvpn APN
 * myapn - select your apn
 * 384k,144k,64k - select the speed of your 3G connection
 * 2gonly - select GPRS only
 * 3gonly - select 3G only
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Q) My Novatel card is very slow - +-800 bytes per second  How do I see the usage under Linux ? :: ToDo Linux Usage
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A) Try running "setserial -a /dev/ttyS1 low_latency spd_warp" - replace /dev/ttyS1 with your port
Once you have your setserial command, insert it into /etc/ppp/ip-up.local - this will cause the command to be ran everytime a connection is made.

Q) What does all the wvdial sections do/mean?

A)

Defaults - What to do if nothing is selected (Always included)
pin - send your pin to the card
novatel - select the novatel card
option - select the option card
hsdpa - Option HSDPA card
e1000 - select the E1000 via USB
onboard - select the onboard modem of my notebook
internet - select the internet APN
internetvpn - select the internetvpn APN
myapn - select your apn
384k,144k,64k - select the speed of your 3G connection
2gonly - select GPRS only
3gonly - select 3G only

Q) How do I see the usage under Linux

A) Linux Usage

TODO:
= TODO =
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= Resources =
 * [[Modem/3G/Cards]]
 * [[Modem/3G/FAQ]]
 * [[Modem/3G/Vodafone]]

= External Links =
## * http://www.pharscape.org/index.php?option=content&task=view&id=29 - GPRS !HowTo
 * http://www.peck.org.uk/GlobeTrotterGPRShowto.html - GPRS !HowTo
 * [[WikiPedia:Vodafone_Mobile_Connect_USB_Modem]]
 * http://markus.wernig.net/en/it/usb-serial-handy-ppp.phtml - How to connect a cell phone via USB to a Linux laptop and dial-up an internet connection.
## * http://bitubique.com/content/view/26/42 - Getting Nokia 6630 / Nokia 6680 / Nokia N70 to work as 3G / EDGE / GPRS modem in Linux
----
[[Hardware]] | [[Modem]]

Translation(s): English - Italiano

(!) ?Discussion

(!) Attachments no longer exist, the guide is to be considered incomplete.


The following cards/phones works 100% with next scripts/configs:

  • Novatel Merlin U630
  • Option Fusion
  • Option Quad
  • Motorola E1000
  • Nokia 6680 (just don't set the speed/service - no 3gonly and 384k configs)
  • Nokia N80 (with a nice How-To UseYourCellPhoneAsModem)

  • Option HSDPA Card
  • Novatel HSDPA Card
  • Huawei/E620
  • ?Huawei/E176

  • Huawei/E220

  • BandLuxe C100

Installation

You need to download the new wvdial.conf for the HSDPA stuff to work !!!

This was originally written for Gentoo Linux which compiles everything from source. As a result of things might be a bit different, but we can work around it. Firstly, we need to get Linux to detect your card, start your PCMCIA services - normally this can be done using (most distros do this for you):

Before you insert your card, open a console/switch to an open console and as root run the following :

invoke-rc.d pcmciautils start

This will allow you to "see" what Linux is doing :

tail -f /var/log/messages 

Right, now insert your card and you should see some stuff happening. I have included log traces of what the two cards "look" like under /var/log/messages in the attachment section.

If you see only the option_insert_nousb.txt messages using an option card run the following command:

modprobe usbserial vendor=0x0af0 product=0x5000

If you had to run the above command, you will need to save the vmc_g file attached into /etc/modules.d.

Now we need to find out where your card is - you will see in the messages where the card is - /dev/ttyS* for Novatel or /dev/ttyUSB* for Option:

find /dev/ | grep ttyS

Should show /dev/ttyS0 or /dev/ttyS1 for a Novatel Card.

find /dev/ | grep ttyUSB

Should show /dev/ttyUSB0 and USB1 and USB2 for an Option Card. (or /dev/tts/ttyUSB0-2 for udev)

Once we found that, we need to change /etc/wvdial.conf to match your settings, attached is my working wvdial.conf. Now we can start dialing up

For Novatel

wvdial novatel internet 3gonly 384k

For Option

wvdial option internet 3gonly 384k

If you need to send your PIN, add "pin" infront of all the commands, e.g.

wvdial pin novatel internet 3gonly 384k

Once your connection is up - surf away Now you can setup things like KPPP and Gnome's Modem Lights to do your dialing for you.

Extra Steps for the HSDPA card

Download the kernel module from the link below. Extract it to a directory somewhere safe.

Compile the driver using the following commands:

make clean && make

Once this is done, run the following command to insert the module into the kernel

insmod nozomi.ko

Once you have done that, use the following command to setup the connection:

wvdial hsdpa

Extra steps for the Novatel U740 Card

Until I get time to update the files etc. our Novatel Linux Users out there can just type this command before using the normal dialing command:

modprobe usbserial vendor=0x1410 product=0x1400

OR

modprobe usbserial vendor=0x1410 product=0x1410

Using lsusb will show you the Vendor and Product ID's or cat /proc/bus/usb/devices will do the same.I will still add them into the FAQ but at least this should help for now

This will add the USB's like the 3G Option did - am I seeing a swap here ? - so just dial /dev/ttyUSB0 or so - check the logs

Extra Steps for the Huawei Cards

None really - just make sure usbserial is loaded and the card will come up on /dev/ttyUSB0 - check the logs again to confirm

If the card doesn't come up, unload usbserial and reload with the following command:

rmmod usbserial
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x1001

I am still trying to work on the USB only card, so at the moment, I don't know if it will work under Linux.

Huawei E220

I have found that this modem will only work with the short cable supplied...not the long one with two plugs...*shrug*

Same as the E620, except use the following modprobe command:

rmmod usb-storage
modprobe usbserial vendor=0x12d1 product=0x1003

(Some have reported an ID of 0x1001 - use lsusb to confirm) After that, you will notice only one USB serial coming up, then, remove the device and re-attach it, you shouldn't need to re-insert usbserial.

Notes

I have only seen 3G speeds on this device, but I think it is because of my RF conditions and location. More on this to follow...

FAQ

How do I enable "Internet Connection Sharing" ?

A) Since the 2.6 kernel is main stream etc. I will only cover IPTables and Kernel 2.6. I am also assuming that ppp0 is your dialup and eth0 is your lan.
Firstly - we need to add some rules to iptables - run the following commands:

#This will CLEAR ALL RULES !!!
iptables -F 
#Enable NAT (through the ppp0 interface)
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o ppp0 -j MASQUERADE

#then we need to enable routing:
echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward
That should do it - from here you can add rules to block incomming connections etc.
My card is broken/replies "ERROR" to all the commands
A) You didn't send your PIN to the card - either add the "pin" command or disable the PIN on the SIM
My Novatel card is very slow - +-800 bytes per second

A) Try running "setserial -a /dev/ttyS1 low_latency spd_warp" - replace /dev/ttyS1 with your port
Once you have your setserial command, insert it into /etc/ppp/ip-up.local - this will cause the command to be ran everytime a connection is made.

What does all the wvdial sections do/mean ?
  • Defaults - What to do if nothing is selected (Always included)
  • pin - send your pin to the card
  • novatel - select the novatel card
  • option - select the option card
  • hsdpa - Option HSDPA card
  • e1000 - select the E1000 via USB
  • onboard - select the onboard modem of my notebook
  • internet - select the internet APN
  • internetvpn - select the internetvpn APN
  • myapn - select your apn
  • 384k,144k,64k - select the speed of your 3G connection
  • 2gonly - select GPRS only
  • 3gonly - select 3G only
  • How do I see the usage under Linux ?

    ToDo Linux Usage

    TODO

    • Make the Option card call "modprobe usbserial" by itself
    • Make the Novatel card register the second port under Linux
    • Do some research into the signal levels reported via +CSQ
    • Get the PIN to work with wvdial and Novatel

    Resources

    External Links


    Hardware | Modem