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|| Nokia [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N800|N800]]/[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N810|N810]] || || || || [[http://wiki.maemo.org/Easy_Debian|Debian]] || ||
|| [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N900|Nokia N900]] || || || [[http://elinux.org/N900|Being upstreamed]] || [[pkg-n900|Debian]] [[http://shr-project.org/trac/wiki/Devices/NokiaN900|SHR]] [[http://www.nitdroid.com/|NITDroid]] || ||
|| Nokia [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N9|N9]]/[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N950|N950]] || || || || [[Mobile/Nokia_N9|Debian]] [[http://www.
jollausers.com/2013/12/sailfish-ported-to-n9-mini-tutorial/|Sailfish OS]] || ||
|| Nokia [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N800|N800]]/[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N810|N810]] || || || || [[http://wiki.maemo.org/Easy_Debian|Debian]] [[https://wiki.merproject.org/wiki/Adaptation/N8x0|Mer]] || ||
|| [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N900|Nokia N900]] || || || [[http://elinux.org/N900|Being upstreamed]] || [[pkg-n900|Debian]] [[http://shr-project.org/trac/wiki/Devices/NokiaN900|SHR]] [[http://www.nitdroid.com/|NITDroid]] [[https://wiki.merproject.org/wiki/Nemo/Installing#Nokia_N900|Mer]] || ||
|| Nokia [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N9|N9]]/[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_N950|N950]] || || || || [[Mobile/Nokia_N9|Debian]] [[https://wiki.merproject.org/wiki/Adaptation/N9-N950|Mer]] [[http://www.joll
ausers.com/2013/12/sailfish-ported-to-n9-mini-tutorial/|Sailfish OS]] || ||
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|| [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samsung_Galaxy_Note_10.1|Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1]] || || || [[https://code.google.com/p/opensgn/|OpenSGN]] || [[http://liliputing.com/2013/03/debian-linux-on-the-samsung-galaxy-note-10-1-with-pen-support-video.html|Debian]] || ||
|| [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nexus_4|Nexus 4]] || || || || [[http://www.jollausers.com/2014/03/sailfish-os-early-adopters-have-got-their-email-to-go-crazy/|Sailfish OS]] || ||
|| [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samsung_Galaxy_Note_10.1|Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1]] || n8000 || || [[https://code.google.com/p/opensgn/|OpenSGN]] || [[http://liliputing.com/2013/03/debian-linux-on-the-samsung-galaxy-note-10-1-with-pen-support-video.html|Debian]] [[http://wiki.cyanogenmod.org/w/N8000_Info|CyanogenMod]] || ||
|| [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nexus_4|Nexus 4]] || mako || || || [[http://www.jollausers.com/2014/03/sailfish-os-early-adopters-have-got-their-email-to-go-crazy/|Sailfish OS]] [[http://wiki.cyanogenmod.org/w/Mako_Info|CyanogenMod]] || ||

Debian on mobile devices

This page is about tracking every initiative to fully or partially install the system on mobile platforms:

About

Debian is the universal operating system. Thus, it needs to run on mobile devices. This wiki page is a tool to help bring Debian to mobile platforms.

It would be great if Debian could run on many kinds of mobile devices: iPhones, Android capable HW, Windows Mobile HW, tablets, etc.

The software should allow dual booting, into both Debian and any software that came with the hardware.

Debian on mobile devices should have GUI capabilities, appropriate to the hardware capabilities.

It would also be great if Debian could run applications written to be native to the original OS for the hardware. This will enable Debian to serve the many people in society who want to easily use those applications.

Debian might benefit from having its own User Interface, or UIs, based on progression from the desktop Debian UIs - ex, GNOME or KDE. It would be great if the GNOME, KDE and other GUI communities could come to agreement on a common UI for Debian, to save unnecessary duplication of development effort, both of the Debian UI, and application software for Debian. Also to save the users from having to learn unnecessary extra UIs.

Origin and Purpose

To get this wiki page started, see the original message I sent suggesting this project. It includes some reference URLs, to help seed thinking on Debian on smartphones development.

Contributions

Many people made useful replies to that email, and it would be great if they would add their suggestions of software components, foundations, and URLs thereof to this page. If we all take a few minutes to make contributions to this page when we have something valuable to add, this page will grow to be a great resource for us all. So, please take a moment to add something valuable to this page right now, or when you have the opportunity. :)

This page could use contributions like: Links to component software (embeded debian, GRUB, UIs, etc).

Software developers can write software for the many parts of this system and put links on this page to those components.

Writers can produce articles about Debian on smartphones in emails to the relevant Debian mailing lists, blogs, web pages and for the general media.

Artists can create the graphics and multimedia for Debian on smartphones.

Packagers can put it all together so people can download and install it on their smartphones.

Thanks for reading. Thanks for thinking. Thanks for all contributions you make. Let's all work together to enable Debian to fulfil its promise as "The Universal Operating System". :)

Contact

If you want to chat about Debian mobile user interfaces, please join the #debian-mobile IRC channel on irc.debian.org or subscribe to the debian-mobile mailing list. If you are interested in kernel, bootloader or middleware related issues you might want to join the #debian-arm IRC channel instead. Other discussions will be appropriate to have on these lists instead: debian-handheld debian-embedded debian-arm debian-kernel debian-cd debian-devel

People

Here are some people interested in running Debian on mobile devices.

Name

IRC nick

Hardware owned

Willing to

Wishlist

Paul Wise

pabs

Openmoko FreeRunner

Offer advice

Linux mainline support for the FR, QtMoko in Debian

Didier Raboud

OdyX

Openmoko FreeRunner

Get paid to work towards Debian on Mobile devices :-p

Sicelo Mhlongo

Sicelo

Nokia N900

Help with testing

Working Debian on N900 with UMTS/GPRS access

Alishams Hassam

Zeroedout

Openmoko FreeRunner, Google Nexus One

Help maintain wiki, file bugs, test new things

Mainline FR support, QtMoko in Debian, Debian on the Nexus One, SHR on a Debian base

Timo Jyrinki

Mirv

Neo FreeRunner * 2, Nokia N9, Nokia N950

Maintain some of the FR stuff, maybe do something to put Debian on N9, etc.

More productized stuff via FSO, oFono etc. packaging to support more phones

JonasSmedegaard

jo0nas

Openmoko FreeRunner * 2, Nokia N900, GeeksPhone One, Samsung Galaxy S3

Improve ways to bootstrap, test

more stuff packaged in mainline Debian - with sensible defaults

Jonathan Michalon

johndescs

Samsung Galaxy Note 1

test, learn stuff, help

Have Debian in dualboot with Android and be able to do all basic tasks from it.

Philipp Hug

hug

Nokia N900, N9, various Android devices

Maintain mobile-related packages, test

Debian on Android

MichaelDorrington

-

N900, GTA04

Test

Debian being Pocket Computer (aka Smart Phone) friendly

Lukas Maerdian

slyon

GTA04, GTA02, Palm Pre

Develop FSO, bootstrap Debian for new devices

Nice UI based on FSO and Debian for GTA04.

Tomas Caram

Tomich

Moto A1200r, Samsung Galaxy S (I9000b)

test, learn stuff, help, compile, make scripts

...

Eva Ramon

eramon

Nokia N9, Nokia N900, Galaxy Note 10.1

Package mobile software, test, help with the installer

chroot Debian on Android, dual boot

Thomas Breining

ThomasBreining

Samsung Galaxy S GT-I9000

Help with anything needed. Development, Packaging, Testing ...

Debian only on Android capable devices

Groups

  • The people who work on various distributions

  • FSO: umbrella project for free software on smartphones, grew out of the OpenMoko community

  • Linaro: pushes upstream development on ARM, they work on Linux, GCC and related low-level stuff.

  • SDX Developers forum: reverse engineering and user support for Samsung devices

  • XDA Developers forum: reverse engineering and developer discussion for Android and Windows devices

Howto

Learn software development. Port low-level stuff to a device. Package some middleware. Package a user experience. Package applications that can deal with small screens and touch input. Build images for users to flash onto the device. Get hardware to developers.

Learning

At various stages you will need to learn some of the following. This can be done at the same time as working on Debian for smartphones.

  • Languages:
    • ARM assembly: Linux, bootloaders
    • C: Linux, bootloaders, UIs
    • make: build systems
    • Python: middleware, applications
    • Vala: middleware, applications
  • Tools:
    • Version control:
      • git: Linux, middleware, applications
      • svn: UI, applications
      • bzr: applications
    • Compilers: GCC, LLVM, GCC cross-compilers
    • Build systems:
      • make: almost everything
      • autotools: middleware, UI, applications
      • cmake: some things
      • other: Linux and bootloaders might have custom build systems based on make

Porting

Pick a specific device. Get support for it into a bootloader (u-boot/etc), mainline Linux. Ask relevant teams to build linux/bootloader packages that work on your device. Port the debian installer to the device.

This is most of the work. It is important to get your changes into Linux/u-boot mainline otherwise Debian will not be able to support your device since the Linux kernel team for Debian will not add non-mainline drivers/patches to Debian kernels and therefore you won't be able to support Debian on the phone you care about. It will be made easier since the Android drivers probably already exist and can be ported to mainline Linux. Some hardware vendors will be violating the GPL and not releasing drivers/patches. You might be able to get the code by contacting them or getting the SFLC or gpl-violations.org involved.

Middleware

Pick some middleware, join the packaging group for it or package it for Debian and look for some sponsors.

UI

Pick a UI or create a new one, create a team, start packaging it for Debian and look for sponsors.

There are numerous existing FLOSS UXen for mobile devices. As the universal OS, Debian should aim to support several of these.

Applications

Package some touch-friendly applications.

Images

Talk to the Debian installer, live and CDs teams about building daily, weekly and release images that people can flash onto their phones. This could significantly change the way Debian images are built so it will require a fair bit of discussion first.

Other tips

If you can get hardware into the hands of kernel developers that would help a lot. You might find some hardware manufacturers who are willing to give out some free samples to developers.

Install howtos

Software

Installers

  • Lil Debi: Debian chroot manager for Android

  • Debian Kit by Sven-Ola, an easy chroot kit (uses Android kernel to run a Debian from a loop sdcard disc image).

Flashers and USB booting

  • 0xFFFF: flasher for Nokia Internet Tablets based on the NOLO bootloader

  • dfu-util: flasher for devices supporting the DFU 1.0 protocol. In practice this means the ?OpenMoko gta01 and gta02 and maybe other devices like the iPhone.

  • Fastboot: flasher and memory booter for devices based on Android

  • Heimdall: flasher for some Samsung phones

Firmware

  • OsmocomBB: free software for GSM baseband devices, currently only for the baseband on the Openmoko FreeRunner and related devices

Bootloader

Kernel

Drivers

Middleware

User interface

Applications

  • F-Droid: repository of FOSS Android-based applications

  • OpenMoko: applications from the OpenMoko development community

  • Ubuntu Touch: core applications from Ubuntu Touch

Distributions

  • Debian

  • Emdebian: cut down version of Debian for small and embedded devices

  • Ubuntu Touch: Ubuntu for touchscreen based mobile devices

  • SHR: distribution for smartphones based on OpenEmbedded and FSO software

  • QtMoko: distribution based on Debian

  • PyNeo: distribution based on Debian

  • DeforaOS: releases Debian packages

  • Qalee

  • QuantumSTEP

  • Maemo: mobile distribution based on Debian

  • Tizen: mobile distribution based on EFL, Debian/Ubuntu, backed by Samsung and others

  • Android

  • Replicant: aiming to remove all the blobs and non-free stuff from Android

  • OmniROM: a community Android derivative

  • CyanogenMod: a commercial Android derivative

  • webOS: mobile distribution based on HTML/JS, OpenEmbedded, backed by HP

  • FirefoxOS: Mozilla project to create an web-based OS

  • Mer: distribution aimed at re-use by device manufacturers

  • Nemo: mobile distribution based on Mer (RPM), MeeGo Handset UX, Qt

  • Cordia: mobile distribution based on Mer (RPM), Maemo Hildon stack ported to newer GTK+/etc

  • Seadot: mobile distribution based on Mer, successor for the WeTab OS

  • SailfishOS: commercial distro based on Mer

Devices

General hardware support pages for various groups/distros: FSO oFono SHR Replicant (targets) OmniROM (unofficial ports) CyanogenMod (unofficial ports) Mer webOS Ubuntu Touch Firefox OS HTC-Linux.

Porting guides for various groups/distros: oFono SHR (Android devices) Replicant (1, 2, 3) OmniROM CyanogenMod Mer webOS Tizen Ubuntu Touch FirefoxOS (2).

Name

Codename

Bootloaders

Linux

Operating systems

Other

Openmoko Neo1973

gta01

Debian more

Openmoko FreeRunner

gta02

qi or forked u-boot

Needs upstreaming

Debian QtMoko SHR Android-on-FreeRunner more

blobs in WiFi, GPS, GSM. GSM isolated, semi-supported by OsmocomBB. Emulated by forked qemu.

OpenPhoenux GTA04

gta04

u-boot branch

being upstreamed

Debian SHR Replicant

blob sent to WiFi

Samsung Galaxy S

galaxysmtd

proprietary, locked

Replicant

Debian Replicant CyanogenMod

blobs sent to WiFi, BT. modem not isolated. XDA info

Nexus S

crespo

proprietary, locked

Android

Replicant Ubuntu

blobs sent to WiFi, BT. modem not isolated.

Nokia 770

Debian

Nokia N800/N810

Debian Mer

Nokia N900

Being upstreamed

Debian SHR NITDroid Mer

Nokia N9/N950

Debian Mer Sailfish OS

Nexus One

Debian

Motorola Droid

Debian

ASUS Nexus 7

Ubuntu Mer Replicant

Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1

n8000

OpenSGN

Debian CyanogenMod

Nexus 4

mako

Sailfish OS CyanogenMod

Events

See Also

* http://lists.debian.org/debian-user/2011/03/msg01554.html - "Lets start Debian for Android hw phones"

Let's start the "Debian distro for Android capable hardware phones".

What are the first steps we can easily take, to get started on this?

1) Talk about how to do it on this email list.
2) Put something on www.debian.org web page about beginning to work on
this project.
3) Create a mailing list for "Debian for Android Hw".
4) Send some thoughts in reply to this email, & to the new mailing list.
5) Make a wiki page for "Debian distro for Android capable hardware
phones".
    - http://wiki.debian.org/DebianOnHandhelds

=
My motivation:  
I got an Android capable smartphone/computer a few months ago. - Samsung
Intercept, Virgin Mobil, $200, $25/month includes unlimited internet.

Of course, I'd like to get a GNU(Linux) distro on it.  So, rather than
have to piece together something using CyanogenMod & piece a bunch of
aps together, I'd just like to have a KUbuntu version to put on there. 
- Download the ISO, start, 15 minutes later it's all there with all my
familiar desktop aps in smartphone version.

So, I figure, first step (before getting my KUbuntu), is there needs to
be the Debian for Android Hw smartphones distro, for KUbuntu to build on
top of.


=
Ok, well, there you are, folks.  I've done my initial part for the
project - suggest it get started.  So, can some interested Debian
individuals please now step it another step forward?

Thanks for all the great Debian stuff!  :)


=====  References:
http://wiki.debian.org/DebianOnHandhelds
http://wiki.debian.org/Handheld
http://wiki.debian.org/Hardware
http://wiki.debian.org/

-
How can open source survive in a post-PC World?
http://www.h-online.com/open/features/How-can-open-source-survive-in-a-post-PC-world-1210071.html
How can open source survive in a post-PC World? (h-online.com) 
http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=2348907


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_open_source_Android_applications
http://maniacdev.com/2010/06/35-open-source-iphone-app-store-apps-updated-with-10-new-apps/

Open Source iPhone Apps List – Real App Store Code Examples!
http://maniacdev.com/2010/06/35-open-source-iphone-app-store-apps-updated-with-10-new-apps/

-
http://www.cyanogenmod.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CyanogenMod


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Android_%28operating_system%29

-
Permanent root for the Samsung Intercept 
http://forum.sdx-developers.com/intercept-development-2-2/sprint-intercept-wfroyo-permanent-root-using-epic-expoit/

[HOWTO] Rooting your Samsung Intercept the Easy Way
http://forum.xda-developers.com/showthread.php?t=890460
Samsung Intercept > Intercept Android Development
http://forum.xda-developers.com/forumdisplay.php?s=b6120fd362a554792ba666425dc5e102&f=901

OLD_Misc_OLD